U.S.S. Texas (2nd Class Battleship)
The USS Texas was a second-class pre-dreadnought battleship built by the United States in the early 1890s. She was the first American battleship and the first ship named in honor of the state of Texas to be built by the United States. She was built in reaction to the acquisition of armored warships by several South American countries.

Texas had several accidents early in her career and gained the reputation of an unlucky or jinxed ship, nicknamed Old Hoodoo, something she would not lose until after the Spanish-American War. After commissioning she cruised the waters off the East Coast of the United States and the Gulf of Mexico until war broke out in 1898. She blockaded the coast of Cuba and participated in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba during the war. Afterward she returned to her previous duties, interrupted by several refits. She became the station ship in Charleston, South Carolina by 1908 and was renamed San Marcos in 1911 to allow her name to be used by a new battleship. Obsolete by this time, she became a target ship that same year and was sunk in shallow water in Chesapeake Bay. She was used as a gunnery target through World War II and was finally demolished in 1959, because her remains were considered a navigational hazard.

Photos from Library of Congress, Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920.
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