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赤腹山雀-Varied Tit | by Hiyashi Haka
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赤腹山雀-Varied Tit

學 名: Parus Varius

英 名: Varied Tit

體長11公分,臉頰、頸側潔白色,頭頂至頸及喉、上胸為黑色,體背、翼及尾羽鉛灰色、胸腹整片赤褐色甚為明顯為最大特徵,嘴黑色,腳暗青色。赤腹山雀主要棲息於低海拔至中海拔300~2,000m山區之闊葉林中,常與其他畫眉科、山雀科等鳥類混群活動,較其他山雀隱密害羞;多在樹林中、上層枝椏間覓食,繁殖期以昆蟲、蜘蛛等為主食,樟樹果實成熟的秋冬季節亦食漿果、種子等。

 

The Varied Tit is a perching bird from the tit family, Paridae. It occurs in eastern Asia in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and locally in northeastern China (southern Liaoning) and extreme southeastern Russia .

 

Its habitat consists of open mixed forests, in particular with the Japanese Castanopsis species Castanopsis cuspidata and Japanese Larch, coniferous forests with Japanese yews, Sugi, and pines as well as bamboo forests at mountain slopes and in river valleys.

 

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Taken on January 30, 2010