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嘰咋柳鶯  Common Chiffchaff | by Hiyashi Haka
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嘰咋柳鶯 Common Chiffchaff

學名: Phylloscopus collybita

英名: Common Chiffchaff

Family : Phylloscopidae (柳鶯科) Length: 11 cm

體形小的綠褐色柳鶯(活體)。翅上無翼斑。上體淡綠褐色,眉紋短而呈淡白色。下體淡白染以皮黃色,尤以胸和兩脅顯著。上體褐色(但新換羽毛染以綠色色澤,尤其是腰和翅上覆羽綠色較多、明顯。冬羽,羽很陳舊,其綠色部分不明顯,或完全退色);自鼻孔至耳上覆羽有一條淡皮黃色的眉紋;眼先至眼後方的貫眼紋呈黑褐色;尾羽黑褐色,羽緣色淺;頭側和整個下體羽毛呈淡土黃色,頦、喉及腹部中央顏色較淡;翅下覆羽和腋羽硫黃色。兩性羽色相似。嘴暗角褐色或淡黃色,下嘴基部色淡;腳黑褐或暗褐色。

分佈範圍:新疆(西部喀什、天山、阿克蘇、北部富蘊、青河、烏魯木齊、準噶爾盆地)、內蒙古(包頭)、廣東、香港(迷鳥);俄羅斯西伯利亞,越冬至地中海,印度,伊朗,伊拉克和北非等地。

The common chiffchaff, or simply the chiffchaff is a common and widespread leaf warbler which breeds in open woodlands throughout northern and temperate Europe and Asia.

Greenish-brown above and off-white below, it is named onomatopoeically for its simple chiff-chaff song. It has a number of subspecies, some of which are now treated as full species. The female builds a domed nest on or near the ground, and assumes most of the responsibility for brooding and feeding the chicks.

It is a migratory passerine which winters in southern and western Europe, southern Asia and north Africa.

 

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Uploaded on October 24, 2016