new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
翻石鷸   Ruddy Turnstone (キョウジョシギ) | by Hiyashi Haka
Back to photostream

翻石鷸 Ruddy Turnstone (キョウジョシギ)

學名: Arenaria interpres

英名: Ruddy Turnstone

Family : Scolopacidae (鷸科) Length: 24cm

翻石鷸屬中等體型,嘴、腿及腳均短,腿及腳為鮮亮的橘黃色。特徵為頭及胸部具黑色、棕色及白色的複雜圖案。嘴型頗具特色。飛行時翼上具醒目的黑白色圖案。虹膜-褐色;嘴-黑色;腳-橘黃。叫聲:斷斷續續的似金屬晃動聲trik-tuk-tuk-tuk或悅耳的kee-oo聲。

特徵:嘴及腳短;腳為橙黃色,頭、胸部有黑色、棕色及白色的複雜斑紋,就像京劇中的大花臉。翻石鷸為台灣普遍的過境鳥,但是以春過境期較容易見到。它們在台灣中南部以及金門、澎湖等離島都可以發現。平時喜歡棲息在潮間帶、河口沼澤或是礁石海岸等濕地環境,常常可以看見它們成小群在灘地上走動,沿途並不斷地用嘴翻開石塊或貝殼,以藏身其下的沙蠶、螃蟹等小動物為食。

分布:繁殖地位於北半球高緯度地區,冬季會南遷至南美洲、非洲及亞洲熱帶地區,甚至到紐西蘭及澳洲等地,在台灣是普遍的冬候鳥。

The Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) is a small wading bird, one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria. It is now classified in the sandpiper family Scolopacidae but was formerly sometimes placed in the plover family Charadriidae. The dark, wedge-shaped bill is 2–2.5 centimetres (0.79–0.98 in) long and slightly upturned. The legs are fairly short at 3.5 centimetres (1.4 in) and are bright orange. At all seasons, the plumage is dominated by a harlequin-like pattern of black and white. Breeding birds have reddish-brown upper parts with black markings. The head is mainly white with black streaks on the crown and a black pattern on the face. The breast is mainly black apart from a white patch on the sides. The rest of the underparts are white. In flight it reveals a white wingbar, white patch near the base of the wing and white lower back, rump and tail with dark bands on the uppertail-coverts and near the tip of the tail. The female is slightly duller than the male and has a browner head with more streaking.

 

1,081 views
7 faves
0 comments
Uploaded on September 17, 2016