The Hawaiian cowboy, the paniolo, a word thought to have originated as a Hawaiianized pronunciation of español, like the mainland cowboy, learned their skills from Mexican vaqueros. Hawaiian King Kamehameha III brought these vaqueros over from California in 1832 to teach the cow herders how to handle their cattle. At that time California was still part of Mexico, and Hawaii was known as the Sandwich Islands. Although the word "Paniolo" is most widely accepted to be the Hawaiian rendition of the word "Espaniol", in actuality, that is not the case at all. "Paniolo" means, "To sit tall" or "To be full of pride"