Common Myna or Indian Myna
The common myna or Indian myna (Acridotheres tristis), also sometimes spelled mynah, is a member of family Sturnidae (starlings and mynas).
The common myna is native to much of Central, South and Southeast Asia, ranging from Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan eastwards through India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to China and Indochina. The myna has been introduced in many other parts of the world, including Australia, New Zealand, United Arab Emirates and South Africa. In India the common myna is called the “Farmer’s Friend” because it eats insects that destroy crop plants. They are also highly regarded by gardeners in other countries as natural insecticides.
The common myna is readily identified by the brown body, black hooded head and the bare yellow patch behind the eye. The bill and legs are bright yellow. There is a white patch on the outer primaries and the wing lining on the underside is white. The bird is 23 to 25 cm long. The sexes are similar and birds are usually seen in pairs.
Like most starlings, the common myna is omnivorous. It feeds on insects, arachnids, crustaceans, reptiles, small mammals, seeds, grain and fruits and discarded waste from human habitation. It forages on the ground among grass for insects. This passerine with a strong territorial instinct is typically found in open woodland, cultivated areas, floodplains and grasslands, but is now most abundant in towns and cities, where it is found around parks, gardens and refuse dumps.
This picture was taken in Taman Indonesia, small zoo in Kallenkote, province Overijssel, the Netherlands.
In Taman Indonesia (www.taman-indonesia.nl/) are only kept animals from Indonesia.
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