Female Banteng in Diergaarde Blijdorp (Zoo Rotterdam, the Netherlands).
The Banteng (Bos javanicus), also known as Tembadau, is a species of wild cattle found in several places in south-east Asia.
Adult Banteng males have a blue-black or dark chestnut coat, long upwards arching horns (60-75 cm) and a hump over the shoulders. The head-body length is 170-225 cm, the shoulder height is 160 cm and the weight is 500-900 kg. Females have a reddish brown coat, small horns, no hump and are smaller in size than male Banteng.
Both sexes develop characteristic white stockings on their lower legs, a white rump, a white muzzle, and white spots above the eyes.
Banteng live in sparse forest where they feed on grasses, bamboo, fruit, leaves and young branches. The Banteng is generally active both night and day. Banteng tend to gather in herds of two to thirty members.
Once widely distributed in south-east Asia, banteng are now restricted to small, fragmented populations in Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, India, Indonesia (Kalimantan; Java; Bali), Laos, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. With only 10,000 to 15,000 animals in the wild is the banteng listed as endangered by the IUCN.
Banteng have been domesticated in several places in Southeast Asia, and there are around 1.5 million domestic Banteng, which are called Bali cattle. These animals are used as working animals, and for their meat. Bali cattle have also been introduced to Northern Australia, where they have established stable feral populations.
Banteng vrouwtje in Diergaarde Blijdorp Rotterdam.
De banteng (Bos javanicus) is een wild rund uit de bossen van zuid-oost Azië.
Met nog slechts 10.000 à 15.000 in het wild levende bantengs wordt deze rundersoort ernstig bedreigd. Ook in dierentuinen zijn ze uiterst zeldzaam.
Het Balirund is een gedomesticeerde vorm. Daarvan zijn er ongeveer 1.5 miljoen.
Voor meer Nederlandse informatie over de Banteng, zie: nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banteng
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