Nicobar Pigeon (Manenduif)
Nicobar pigeon in the Bush of Burgers Zoo in Arnhem, the Netherlands.
Manenduif in de Bush van Burgers Zoo in Arnhem.
The Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is one of the most beautiful of the many species of pigeons or doves. This species is found in south-east Asia, particularly on the Nicobar islands (India) to Indonesia and New Guinea, and as far north as the Philippines.
The Nicobar Pigeon roams in flocks from island to island, including inhabited sites, seeking its food of seeds, fruit and some invertebrates.
This is a large, heavy pigeon at 35 - 40 cm in length, the male being 460-525 gr and the female 490-600 gr. Like all pigeons, the Nicobar pigeon is rather thick-set with a relatively small head, but is heavier than most pigeons the same size.
The general coloration is dark green iridescent, with a short white tail. Display plumage of the neck is green with coppery and greenish-blue overtones.
The females are similar with shorter hackles and browner underparts.
The Nicobar pigeon feeds on the forest floor, and spends a great deal of time on the ground . They move about in flocks during the day and roost together at night.