Nimis in Ladonia
In 1980, Swedish artist Lars Vilks began construction of the sculpture Nimis (Latin for "too much"), a structure made of 75 tonnes of driftwood in the Kullaberg nature reserve in north-west Skåne, Sweden. The location of the sculptures is difficult to reach, and as a consequence they were not discovered for two years, at which point the local council decided that the sculptures should be removed. They declared the sculptures to be houses, the building of which was forbidden on the nature reserve. Vilks appealed the decision of the council, but lost. He appealed repeatedly, and finally the case was settled, in the council's favour, by the Swedish government. However, in the meantime Nimis had been bought from Vilks by the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude after the death of Joseph Beuys, who bought it in 1984. In 1996 Vilks declared the micronation of Ladonia in protest of the local council.