Martini, Simone (1284-1344) - 1330s St. Luke (Getty Museum)
Simone Martini probably trained in the studio of Siena's foremost painter during the thirteenth century. At age thirty-seven he married the daughter of another noted Sienese artist. Combining Byzantine tendencies such as abstract gold backgrounds with simple and elegant Gothic forms, his work contributed to the development of the International style. By age thirty-three, Martini achieved great fame and influence far beyond the walls of his native Siena. The king of France, then ruler of Naples, invited him to Naples to paint at the court. Toward the later part of Martini's career, the Franciscan friars in Assisi summoned him to paint the life of Saint Martin in the lower basilica of Saint Francis. His last years were spent in Avignon, France, then the seat of the exiled papacy.