Confederate Memorial Plaza, Anderson, Texas 0108111521

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    Something really sad about seeing this flag, this disgusting rag, this vile shameful symbol of slavery, Jim Crow, segregation, and racism, flying, perpetually.

    One of the plaques at the plaza reads:

    BATTLE FLAG OF THE FOURTH TEXAS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY

    (Replica WIGFALL flag flown at this site perpetually)

    Made by Miss Lula Wigfall in November of 1861 and presented to Colonel John Bell Hood in Virginia by her Father General Louis T. Wigfall with her request that it be presented to the Fourth Regiment Texas Volunteer Infantry. The thirteen stars and white trim were made from her mother's weeding gown. Inscribed on the brass finale [sic] of the flagstaff was this motto: "Fear not for I am with you. Say to the North give up, and to the South keep not back".
    Through the battles of Ethan's Landing, Seven Pines, Gains' Mill, Freeman's Ford, Second Manassas, Boonsboro Gap, and Sharpsburg this banner waved proudly and victoriously. Nine color bearers fell in battle carrying it. It was at the battle of Second Manassas that the finale [sic] was struck by a minie' ball. Pierced by 65 bullets and 3 shells this historic silken standard was retired on October 7, 1862. It was returned to Texas by Captain S. H. Darden and presented to Governor Lubbock and deposited in the state archives. In 1865 the day before federal troops reached Austin, two men from the 4th, home at the time retrieved this flag from the Capitol. The sacred banner was wrapped in oilcloth and buried on the banks of Barton Creek near Austin. In June of 1871 veterans of Company "B" 4th. Texas Volunteer Infantry resurrected it. The banner became the property of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and was recently conserved.
    NOTE: The thirteen stars appearing in the St. Andrew's cross of the Confederate battle flag were of the same size. Each star represented one of the 13 states of the Confederacy. Naturally, Miss Wigfall felt the Texas star was more important and gave it the lasrger center star.

    Another reads:

    In 1861 far removed from the places that were soon to become the great killing fields of the War Between the States, yet united in spirit with their compatriots, 1700 Grimes County men left home and family to answer to their new nation's call to duty. Not all troops were sent to other states. Older men and boys were mustered into "Home Guard" and "State Troop" units. These men were mustered for six months service, then rotated with other men. They provided vital "home front" service, doing escort, POW guard duty, and maintained military order. These units were called "Beats".
    After a 907 to 9 vote-favoring secession Grimes County raised five companies of cavalry and four companies of infantry for the new Confederate States of America. Men of these units covered themselves with dignity, honor and bravery in bloody fighting at Sharpsburg, Chicamauga, Pea Ridge, Vicksburg, Shiloh, Galveston, The Wilderness, Gettysburg, and many others.
    Many of these units took their oath of allegiance to Grimes County and the State of Texas in organizational ceremonies held at this site.
    More Grimes County men perished in the War Between the States than all other conflicts in which this country has been involved.
    One hundred six young men of Grimes County went to Virginia in the ranks of the Grimes County Greys, Company "G" 4th Texas Infantry. Only twenty four were present at Appomattox VA. at General Robert E. Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865.

    Grimes County Units that served the Confederate States of America.

    Co. G, 4th. TX Vol. Inf. Co. C, 5th. TX Cav.
    Co. A 10th. TX Vol. Inf. Co. H, 21st. TX Cav.
    Co. D, 12th. TX Vol Inf. Co. H, 26th. TX Cav.
    Co. I, 20th. TX Vol. Inf. Co. I, 26th. TX Cav.
    Deo Vindice
    Co. B, Madison's Regiment, Texas Cavalry.
    Beat #1 through Beat #7, Texas State Troops.

    Another reads:

    THIS STATUE

    This statue is a reminder of the hardships and suffering endured by Southern men who in 1861-1865 answered their states' calls, marched to distant fields, endured deprvation, fought against overwhelming odds, winning the admiration of the world for valor, dertemination [sic], and sacrifice.
    The Confederate soldier who gave everything defending his home and fledgling nation was not the rich landowner of fiction and film. They came from every walk of life and was [sic] self-reliant and independent. As soldiers they developed an unusual loyalty to cause and comrades. Most were devout Christians.
    Exposure and lack of food make them more susceptible to disease. Meat was scarce; fruits and vegetables were had only in season. Beans, and peas, along with hardtack and cornbread were the mainstays of their diet. They were ill equipped and paid infrequently. They wore coarse homespun jackets and trousers made by their mothers, wives, and sisters. Clothes were patched and re-patched. When shoes wore out they marched and fought barefoot; blood from bleeding feet marked the line of march over frozen ground. They were soldiers! When an observer noted the tattered clothing on the backs of his Texas troops, General Robert E. Lee responded, "Their ragged clothes make no difference. The enemy nevr sees their backs".
    One in four of these brave men died from wounds and disease. Medicines were scarce. Much of the time nothing was available to relieve the suffering fro wounds and amputations.
    When it was aver, tattered and starved, they walked home. Some died by the side of the road and are buried in unmarked graves.
    These soldiers fought for the constitutionally guaranteed rights of each state to self-governement. This statue was erected in April 2001 in honor of these brave men - the soldiers of the Confederacy.

    But, let's try to set the revisionist history aside. Whatever those "brave men" (and some of my ancestors served the Confederacy) may have felt they were fighting for, the only right of each state that Texas and other secessionist states were really concerned about, the cause of all of that death and destruction and suffering, was slavery.

    So how, now that we have entered the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War, can we discuss the Confederacy, how can we memorialize it, without remembering the evil institution at the heart and soul of the Confederacy and the antebellum south?

    How is it that, at this site, and at Confederate memorials throughout the south, absolutely no mention is made of slavery?

    In all fairness, though, let’s let the aspiring Texas Confederates of the time, at the Secession Convention of Texas, address the states’ right they were so concerned with, and in their own words:

    A declaration of the causes
    which impel the State of Texas to secede
    from the Federal Union

    The government of the United States, by certain joint resolutions, bearing date the 1st day of March, in the year A. D. 1845, proposed to the Republic of Texas, then a free, sovereign and independent nation, the annexation of the latter to the former, as one of the co-equal States thereof,

    The people of Texas, by deputies in convention assembled, on the fourth day of July of the same year, assented to and accepted said proposals and formed a constitution for the proposed State, upon which on the 29th day of December in the same year, said State was formally admitted into the Confederated Union.

    Texas abandoned her separate national existence and consented to become one of the Confederated States to promote her welfare, insure domestic tranquillity and secure more substantially the blessings of peace and liberty to her people. She was received into the confederacy with her own constitution under the guarantee of the federal constitution and the compact of annexation, that she should enjoy these blessings. She was received as a commonwealth holding, maintaining and protecting the institution known as negro slavery--the servitude of the African to the white race within her limits--a relation that had existed from the first settlement of her wilderness by the white race, and which her people intended should exist in all future time. Her institutions and geographical position established the strongest ties between her and other slave-holding States of the confederacy. Those ties have been strengthened by association. But what has been the course of the government of the United States, and of the people and authorities of the non-slave-holding States, since our connection with them?

    The controlling majority of the Federal Government, under various pretenses and disguises, has so administered the same as to exclude the citizens of the Southern States, unless under odious and unconstitutional restrictions, from all the immense territory owned in common by all the States on the Pacific Ocean, for the avowed purpose of acquiring sufficient power in the common government to use it as a means of destroying the institutions of Texas and her sister slave-holding States.

    By the disloyalty of the Northern States and their citizens and the imbecility of the Federal Government, infamous combinations of incendiaries and outlaws have been permitted in those States and the common territory of Kansas to trample upon the federal laws, to war upon the lives and property of Southern citizens in that territory, and finally, by violence and mob law to usurp the possession of the same as exclusively the property of the Northern States.

    The Federal Government, while but partially under the control of these our unnatural and sectional enemies, has for years almost entirely failed to protect the lives and property of the people of Texas against the Indian savages on our border, and more recently against the murderous forays of banditti from the neighboring territory of Mexico; and when our State government has expended large amounts for such purpose, the Federal Government has refused reimbursement therefor, thus rendering our condition more insecure and harassing than it was during the existence of the Republic of Texas.

    These and other wrongs we have patiently borne in the vain hope that a returning sense of justice and humanity would induce a different course of administration.
    When we advert to the course of individual non-slave-holding States, and that a majority of their citizens, our grievances assume far greater magnitude.

    The States of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan and Iowa, by solemn legislative enactments, have deliberately, directly or indirectly violated the 3rd clause of the 2nd section of the 4th article of the federal constitution, and laws passed in pursuance thereof; thereby annulling a material provision of the compact, designed by its framers to perpetuate amity between the members of the confederacy and to secure the rights of the slave-holding States in their domestic institutions--a provision founded in justice and wisdom, and without the enforcement of which the compact fails to accomplish the object of its creation. Some of those States have imposed high fines and degrading penalties upon any of their citizens or officers who may carry out in good faith that provision of the compact, or the federal laws enacted in accordance therewith.

    In all the non-slave-holding States, in violation of that good faith and comity which should exist between entirely distinct nations, the people have formed themselves into a great sectional party, now strong enough in numbers to control the affairs of each of those States, based upon the unnatural feeling of hostility to these Southern States and their beneficent and patriarchal system of African slavery, proclaiming the debasing doctrine of the equality of all men, irrespective of race or color--a doctrine at war with nature, in opposition to the experience of mankind, and in violation of the plainest revelations of the Divine Law. They demand the abolition of negro slavery throughout the confederacy, the recognition of political equality between the white and the negro races, and avow their determination to press on their crusade against us, so long as a negro slave remains in these States.

    For years past this abolition organization has been actively sowing the seeds of discord through the Union, and has rendered the federal congress the arena for spreading firebrands and hatred between the slave-holding and non-slave-holding States.

    By consolidating their strength, they have placed the slave-holding States in a hopeless minority in the federal congress, and rendered representation of no avail in protecting Southern rights against their exactions and encroachments.

    They have proclaimed, and at the ballot box sustained, the revolutionary doctrine that there is a "higher law" than the constitution and laws of our Federal Union, and virtually that they will disregard their oaths and trample upon our rights.

    They have for years past encouraged and sustained lawless organizations to steal our slaves and prevent their recapture, and have repeatedly murdered Southern citizens while lawfully seeking their rendition.

    They have invaded Southern soil and murdered unoffending citizens, and through the press their leading men and a fanatical pulpit have bestowed praise upon the actors and assassins in these crimes, while the governors of several of their States have refused to deliver parties implicated and indicted for participation in such offences, upon the legal demands of the States aggrieved.

    They have, through the mails and hired emissaries, sent seditious pamphlets and papers among us to stir up servile insurrection and bring blood and carnage to our firesides.

    They have sent hired emissaries among us to burn our towns and distribute arms and poison to our slaves for the same purpose.

    They have impoverished the slave-holding States by unequal and partial legislation, thereby enriching themselves by draining our substance.

    They have refused to vote appropriations for protecting Texas against ruthless savages, for the sole reason that she is a slave-holding State.

    And, finally, by the combined sectional vote of the seventeen non-slave-holding States, they have elected as president and vice-president of the whole confederacy two men whose chief claims to such high positions are their approval of these long continued wrongs, and their pledges to continue them to the final consummation of these schemes for the ruin of the slave-holding States.

    In view of these and many other facts, it is meet that our own views should be distinctly proclaimed.

    We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity; that the African race had no agency in their establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable.

    That in this free government all white men are and of right ought to be entitled to equal civil and political rights; that the servitude of the African race, as existing in these States, is mutually beneficial to both bond and free, and is abundantly authorized and justified by the experience of mankind, and the revealed will of the Almighty Creator, as recognized by all Christian nations; while the destruction of the existing relations between the two races, as advocated by our sectional enemies, would bring inevitable calamities upon both and desolation upon the fifteen slave-holding States. By the secession of six of the slave-holding States, and the certainty that others will speedily do likewise, Texas has no alternative but to remain in an isolated connection with the North, or unite her destinies with the South.

    For these and other reasons, solemnly asserting that the federal constitution has been violated and virtually abrogated by the several States named, seeing that the federal government is now passing under the control of our enemies to be diverted from the exalted objects of its creation to those of oppression and wrong, and realizing that our own State can no longer look for protection, but to God and her own sons - We the delegates of the people of Texas, in Convention assembled, have passed an ordinance dissolving all political connection with the government of the United States of America and the people thereof and confidently appeal to the intelligence and patriotism of the freeman of Texas to ratify the same at the ballot box, on the 23rd day of the present month.

    Adopted in Convention on the 2nd day of Feby, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one and of the independence of Texas the twenty-fifth.

    [Delegates' signatures]

    1. msmudcat2001 47 months ago | reply

      The Confederate Flag stands for the bravery and courage of the men who fought under it, and nothing more! Those brave men were fighting for independence from a country that failed to live up to what the Constitution of that country (USA) was founded on, mainly the right to do as one pleased, even if it mean't owning slaves. Besides, the Confederacy, if it had won it's independence, slavery would have eventually been abolished before 1900. Many have predicted this, because slavery would have out-lived itself in the Industrial Age of the 20th Century. Me personally, I never would have owned any slaves if I were living back then and was a citizen of the Confederate States of America!

    2. Patrick Feller 47 months ago | reply

      Quoting you: "the right to do as one pleased, even if it mean't owning slaves."

      What a remarkable statement.

      Can you, msmudcat2001, even begin to comprehend what "owning slaves" meant? It meant treating other human beings, your equals, as less than you, as property, to be used, to be bought and sold, at your will.

      "Owning slaves" meant dishonoring families, destroying them, using and dishonoring individuals, fellow human beings.

      You can't even begin to get that, can you?

      1900 would have been fine for you, would it? Who the hell are you?

      The United States, slowly, agonizingly slowly, was starting to move beyond slavery. Your damned decadent old south could not tolerate that, would not, would not see beyond its economic and social dependence on that evil institution, chose to try to withdraw and preserve it, chose even to attack our country at Fort Sumter, at terrible cost to our country, and, most of all, to the south itself, that continues to lag in development, in growth, in the education and health of those who reside there.

      Reread, if, as I doubt, you have read them, if you can read them, the words of the states when they were choosing secession. It was about slavery for them.

      "We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity; that the African race had no agency in their establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable."

      "That in this free government all white men are and of right ought to be entitled to equal civil and political rights; that the servitude of the African race, as existing in these States, is mutually beneficial to both bond and free, and is abundantly authorized and justified by the experience of mankind, and the revealed will of the Almighty Creator, as recognized by all Christian nations; while the destruction of the existing relations between the two races, as advocated by our sectional enemies, would bring inevitable calamities upon both and desolation upon the fifteen slave-holding States."

      And, the bright side for you is that slavery might have been abolished anyway, "before 1900".

      You make my case, with your casual bigotry.

      That filthy rag, that you call "The Confederate Flag", stood for, stands for, slavery, the Klan, bigotry, Jim Crow, secession, racism. There is no honor under that flag, no honor at all.

    3. msmudcat2001 47 months ago | reply

      You apparently must be either African-American or a Liberal Southerner, which is it? I speak from the political stand point of the time, while you speak from the moral stand point.

    4. msmudcat2001 47 months ago | reply

      If you're White and in your 60's , like I am, and I figure that you are. And, if you've lived in Texas all your life, you grew up in a segregated society same as me. Now, did that really bother you? Those Jim Crow laws were put in place for a reason, and I'm sure that you know what it was, too.

    5. Patrick Feller 47 months ago | reply

      Amazing. Why should it matter what race I am in this discussion? I am a human being, an American.

      You speak from the political standpoint of the time, you say, while I speak from the moral stand point. I'll give you that. There was nothing moral about the political standpoint of the secessionists.

      Yes, a segregated society really bothered me.

      What were the reasons, msmudcat2001, that Jim Crow laws were put in place, other, that is, than to hold onto a vile tradition of the old south and a false belief in white supremacy that could be maintained in no way other than immoral laws?

    6. Patrick Feller 47 months ago | reply

      I grew up in Pasadena, Texas in the 50s and 60s, yes, a very segregated society. Yes, it really bothered me. Are you saying that it didn't bother you?

      The Jim Crow laws were in place to keep the races separate, and to attempt to keep Black-Americans under the thumbs of the racists who had never accepted the end of slavery, the vile system that had made the culture of the antebellum south, the old south, possible.

    7. Patrick Feller 47 months ago | reply

      Someone sent me a flickr mail citing the bravery and courage of some who fought under the Confederate flag: "during The War Between the States, the 14th and 15th Mississippi Infantry Divisions held off the Federals as General Lee and The Army of Northern Virginia escaped Richmond. That made me proud when I read that. So, that is why I said that the Confederate Flag stands for the bravery and courage of the men who fought under it. (Texans included) So in closing, I just wanted you to understand how I feel about the flag and the South in general"

      During World War II, there were probably German individuals and, perhaps, units, that fought with bravery and courage, feeling that they were fighting in defense of their homes, of their culture, of their country.

      The cause that those Germans' country fought for, defended, promoted, was evil.

      Slavery, too, was evil.

      The Confederate flag stands no more for courage and bravery than does the swastika.

      The reason for southern secession, Mississippi's secession, Texas's secession was slavery. The reason for the war was slavery. Mississippi, Texas and the other secessionist states started the war because they knew that the voices of abolition were becoming stronger, and would ultimately prevail.

      But, don't take my word for it, let the Mississippi secession convention's own words make the case:

      Declaration of the Causes of the Secession of Mississippi

      [Copied by Justin Sanders from "Journal of the State Convention", (Jackson, MS: E. Barksdale, State Printer, 1861), pp. 86-88]

      A Declaration of the Immediate Causes which Induce and Justify the Secession of the State of Mississippi from the Federal Union.
      In the momentous step which our State has taken of dissolving its connection with the government of which we so long formed a part, it is but just that we should declare the prominent reasons which have induced our course.

      Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery-- the greatest material interest of the world. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth. These products are peculiar to the climate verging on the tropical regions, and by an imperious law of nature, none but the black race can bear exposure to the tropical sun. These products have become necessities of the world, and a blow at slavery is a blow at commerce and civilization. That blow has been long aimed at the institution, and was at the point of reaching its consummation. There was no choice left us but submission to the mandates of abolition, or a dissolution of the Union, whose principles had been subverted to work out our ruin.

      That we do not overstate the dangers to our institution, a reference to a few facts will sufficiently prove.

      The hostility to this institution commenced before the adoption of the Constitution, and was manifested in the well-known Ordinance of 1787, in regard to the Northwestern Territory.

      The feeling increased, until, in 1819-20, it deprived the South of more than half the vast territory acquired from France.

      The same hostility dismembered Texas and seized upon all the territory acquired from Mexico.

      It has grown until it denies the right of property in slaves, and refuses protection to that right on the high seas, in the Territories, and wherever the government of the United States had jurisdiction.

      It refuses the admission of new slave States into the Union, and seeks to extinguish it by confining it within its present limits, denying the power of expansion.

      It tramples the original equality of the South under foot.

      It has nullified the Fugitive Slave Law in almost every free State in the Union, and has utterly broken the compact which our fathers pledged their faith to maintain.

      It advocates negro equality, socially and politically, and promotes insurrection and incendiarism in our midst.

      It has enlisted its press, its pulpit and its schools against us, until the whole popular mind of the North is excited and inflamed with prejudice.

      It has made combinations and formed associations to carry out its schemes of emancipation in the States and wherever else slavery exists.

      It seeks not to elevate or to support the slave, but to destroy his present condition without providing a better.

      It has invaded a State, and invested with the honors of martyrdom the wretch whose purpose was to apply flames to our dwellings, and the weapons of destruction to our lives.

      It has broken every compact into which it has entered for our security.

      It has given indubitable evidence of its design to ruin our agriculture, to prostrate our industrial pursuits and to destroy our social system.

      It knows no relenting or hesitation in its purposes; it stops not in its march of aggression, and leaves us no room to hope for cessation or for pause.

      It has recently obtained control of the Government, by the prosecution of its unhallowed schemes, and destroyed the last expectation of living together in friendship and brotherhood.

      Utter subjugation awaits us in the Union, if we should consent longer to remain in it. It is not a matter of choice, but of necessity. We must either submit to degradation, and to the loss of property worth four billions of money, or we must secede from the Union framed by our fathers, to secure this as well as every other species of property. For far less cause than this, our fathers separated from the Crown of England.

      Our decision is made. We follow their footsteps. We embrace the alternative of separation; and for the reasons here stated, we resolve to maintain our rights with the full consciousness of the justice of our course, and the undoubting belief of our ability to maintain it.

    8. BobTheBuildingMan 47 months ago | reply

      This website is about art not politics.If you have any ill will towards the Confederacy,then please stay far far away from anything to do with it.

      But just saying,yes slavery would have died off around the 1890s.The south would not be able to survive with slavery.They would of had to be more industrial,and even if they had been,many nations would not want to do business with a slave nation for moral reasons.

      Plus if slavery died naturally,so much death,poverty,destruction,and hate could have been avoided.The south is still,to this very day,feeling the damage from the Civil War.In many many ways.

      Arkansas,Tennessee,Virginia and North Carolina succeeded because Lincoln called up troops to attack the South.So you can't say the entire South succeeded because of slavery.And slavery was also not the only reason for succession.If you believe so,then you are incredible ignorant.

      Besides,why does the Confederate Battle flag stand for slavery and not the U.S flag,British flag,French flag,etc? They had much more slaves than the south,sold more than the south,had more slave ships than the south(the south didn't even really have any slave ships),and hell even started the whole Transatlantic Slave Trade in the first place.And especially the Brazilian flag?They obtained 35.4% of all slaves.They also had slaves since 1550 and even to this very day they still have some.

      The Brazilian government admitted that they have over 25,000-40,000 Brazilians who practically work as slaves.

      Many Natives and Mexicans had fought for the Confederacy.So you can't really say it was a flag of racism.

      The North had segregation as well.Hell,almost every nation had segregation back then.You again can't blame that on the Confederate Battle flag.

      I know that I said that this website was about art not politics,but that was something I had to point out.

      And yes I said this was about art but please,if you are posting this for any negative purposes,then please kindly remove this photo.It is beautiful but if you're doing it to cause trouble,then the beauty isn't really worth it.

      That is all.

    9. Patrick Feller 47 months ago | reply

      I want to thank both msmudcat2001 and BobTheBuildingMan for so articulately representing the Confederate apologist view, and would highly recommend their comments to all.

    10. Patrick Feller 42 months ago | reply

      By the way, thanks to BobTheBuildingMan for bringing to my attention yet another sadly disturbing/disturbed organization, the Southern Nationalist Network, southernnationalistnetwork.com/

      So much for this website being "about art not politics".

      Geez

    11. BobTheBuildingMan 42 months ago | reply

      I'm afraid SNN is a completely different website.That's just a link to it.

    12. Patrick Feller 42 months ago | reply

      Don't be afraid, BobTheBuildingMan! Yes, indeed, SSN is a VERY different website. Anyone interested in Southern Nationalism, either from enthusiasm or anxiety, or in networking with Southern Nationalists should definitely follow the link.

    13. Topaz51 37 months ago | reply

      The South as an independent country? Yeah, sure, like with Gov Perry as its President. Just one large and happy plantation. I'd rather see monuments to our soldiers today than honor those who fought to destroy our country. Treason is treason no matter the season.

    14. Patrick Feller 30 months ago | reply

      I know that there were some who fought bravely under the disgusting bloody rag that is the confederate battle flag who firmly believed that they were fighting in defense of their homes and homeland and not in defense of the evil institution of slavery that was the reason for secession and the attempt at establishment of the Confederacy.

      During World War II, there were some who fought bravely under the swastika who firmly believed that they were fighting in defense of their homes and homeland and not in defense of the evils perpetrated by the Nazis.

      The Confederate flag is no more deserving of display or honor than the flags and symbols of the Nazis or the SS. The service of any who fought for the Confederacy is no more deserving of honor than that of those who fought for Nazi Germany. The honor should go to those who opposed the Confederacy and the Nazis.

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