Entrance hall of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Bavaria
Some background information:
Nymphenburg Palace, i.e. "Nymph's Castle", is a Baroque palace in Munich, which used to be the main summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria.
It was commissioned by the prince-electoral couple Ferdinand Maria and Henriette Adelaide of Savoy to the designs of the Italian architect Agostino Barelli in 1664 after the birth of their son Maximilian II Emanuel. The central pavilion was completed in 1675.
Starting in 1701, Max Emanuel, the heir to Bavaria, a souvereign electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, conducted a systematic extension of the palace. Two pavilions were added each in the south and north of Barelli's palace by Enrico Zucalli and Giovanni Antonio Viscardi. Later, the south section of the palace was further extended to form the court stables. As a balance the orangerie was added to the north.
Finally a grand circle with baroque mansions (the so-called cavalier's lodges) was erected under Max Emanuel's son, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII. Albert. Two of the latter's children were born here; Maria Antonia (future electress of Saxony) in 1724 and Maria Anna Josepha (future margravine of Baden-Baden) in 1734. With the Treaty of Nymphenburg concluded in July 1741, Charles VII. Albert allied with France and Spain against Austria.
For a long time, the palace was the favourite summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria. King Max I Joseph died there in 1825, and his great-grandson, the famous King Ludwig II., was born there in 1845.
Nymphenburg Palace is surrounded by a 200-hectare park. Once being an Italian garden, it was enlarged and rearranged in French style and finally redone in the English manner, whilst at the same time the main elements of the Baroque garden were preserved. The park is bisected by a long canal along the principle axis which leads from the palace to the marble cascade in the west (decorated with stone figures of Greek gods). Two lakes are situated on both sides of the canal.
The palace as well as the park are important economic factors for the city of Munich and the main building alone, which is open to the public, has more than 300,000 visitors per year.
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