Fatehpur Sikri: beneath the Panch Mahal ( its underpinnings as 'twere)
Panch Mahal is located on the northeast direction of Jodh Bai's palace. It is a five-floored pillared pavilion. This extra ordinary building was called badgir or wind tower, which was constructed to alleviate the heat and is a very popular architectural mechanism of Persian architecture. Originally, it was connected with main Royal chamber and Jodh Bai's palace.
The first floor has 84 pillars with row of eight pillars arranged in north to south direction and row of six pillars arranged in east to west direction. The second floor has 56 pillars with row of six pillars in north to south direction and row of four pillars in east to west direction and also beautiful carved pillars with unique designs. Capitals of these pillars also contain beautiful carved designs like floral vase, arch or rosette pattern. This floor also has a projecting chhajja and a carved frieze.
The third floor is composed of 20 pillars with smaller in size. It contains row of five pillars from north to south and row of three pillars from east west direction having double pillars at northeast corner. The fourth floor has 12 pillars in two rows. Pillars on eastern side are double. This floor also has beautiful jalied balustrade. The top of the building is decorated with beautiful square chhatri with a cupola.