Red carpet to the castle. Autumn
The Lithuanian nobles who became rich in the Renaissance period used to build defensive castles. The most impressive is considered to be the Biržai Castle, standing in the centre of small Lithuanian town Biržai, on the southern shore of Lake Širvėna. It is an example of late Western Europe bastion defensive fortresses. This castle was built in 1586 - 1589 after a design of an Italian bastion castle.
During the war against Sweden the fortress was destroyed. The castle was reconstructed from ruins in the 1978-1980, in the Renaissance-Baroque style. The residential manor of the castle houses a library and a regional history museum.