The Torfajokull region of southern Iceland is an uninhabited area containing a wide variety of terrain and some of the finest in Iceland. The Torfajokull area is the most powerful thermal region in Iceland, named after a small ice cap. Views from Torfajokull itself cover the whole of the south and central interior and in good weather nine separate icecaps. Between Fljotsdalur and Hvanngil there are stupendous views of the Markafljot gorge.
Standing on a good vantage point overlooking the whole area is almost like sitting in a color factory. This part of the country also comprises the largest rhyolite area with various breccias, basaltic lava fields, alkaline lava fields, hyaloclastites, tillite and rhyolitic craters. Some of these formations can be traced to the latest warm and cold epochs of the Ice Age.
The highest peak of the are is relatively low, but carved and cut landscape. In the proximity of Landmannalaugar rhyolitic rock is dominant and the colours of the landscape are simply unbelievable.
A two coloured ash layer from the early 10th century was considered to be the product of the Torfajokull area, but the darker part of it has now been traced to the so-called Vatnaoldur Craters near Lakes Veidivotn and the light coloured, rhyolitic part from simultaneous volcanic activity in the Torfajokull Area, when the Obsidian Lava Field (Hrafntinnuhraun) was created. The southernmost craters of the area are in the proximity of Mt Laufafell, close to where this picture is taken.