All sciences begin with attempts to define a science that continues to comprehensive introduction to the atmosphereSciences and Meteorology, is the field of science that seeks to understand and predict short-term weather our complex society and our environment are affected even more seriously by events and changes in the atmosphere. Weather Observer commonly called meteorologists, study the atmosphere’s physical characteristics, motions, and processes scientists study the Earth’s air pressure temperature, humidity, and wind velocity, allowing forecasters to better predict thunderstorms, flash floods, tornadoes, and other. Physical meteorologists, study the atmosphere’s chemical and physical properties; the transmission of light, sound. Galileo invented a thermoscope in the late 1500s. Italian mathematician and physicist Evangelista Torricelli, a student of Galileo, invented the barometer in 1643.Weather radar became available to scientists during the early 1940s,satellites have been more sophisticated have been capable of monitoring more aspects of the atmosphere. information in the subjects that are being taught and studied about Earth science currently studied by researchs, to provide a consistently updated central catalog collection point to the superset of Earth science-related visualizations and images,between Earth's atmosphereand the Oceans. real-time lightning mapping systems. The energy source is the electric fields associated with the lightning to the original energy distribution, the electromagnetic pulse return stroke fields to redistribution by the currents. There are many myths surrounding, lightning can strike as far as 10 miles away from the centre of a storm. Lightning is a large electrical discharge caused by a thundercloud. Heavy rains can create flash floods.cloud-to-ground lightning is usually caused when a negative charge at the base of a cloud is attracted to the positive charge at the earth's surface a powerful surge of electricity descends to the ground carrying a current made up of millions of electrons because light travels much faster than sound, lightning flashes can be seen long before the resulting thunder is heard. A tornado is a violently rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground these powerhouses have their origins in a strong, volatile atmosphere. a new study lightning production the most energetic form of light the Gamma Rays, observations were obtained of sprites and upward jet phenomenon at relatively close range (75-150 km.) but some lightning goes upward, forming blue jets and gigantic jets.How clouds become charged is not fully understood, but most rain clouds are negatively charged at the base and positively charged at the top. Sprites--giant flashes of light illuminating the sky above thunderstorms Blue jets propagate from cloud tops (15 km) to an altitude of 40 km with a velocity of 100 km/s which gives a lifetime of 300ms.