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NASA Satellite Sees Activity at Russia's Kizimen Volcano

NASA image acquired January 6, 2011

  

Kizimen Volcano on Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula sent a plume toward the west-southwest on January 6, 2010. The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite captured this natural-color image the same day.

 

Low-angled sunlight illuminates the southern face of the plume, leaving the northern side in shadow. The plume’s beige color suggests that its visible components are a mixture of volcanic ash and water vapor. The slopes of Kizimen and the nearby land surfaces appear dull gray-brown, likely resulting from a coating of volcanic ash. (A wider view of the region shows areas father from the volcano blanketed in snowy white.)

 

On January 7, 2011, the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team reported that Kizimen had released continuous ash emissions since December 31, 2010. Most of the ash clouds remained below the altitude of 6 to 8 kilometers (20,000 to 26,000 feet) although stronger, higher-altitude eruptions could occur at any time.

 

Reaching an elevation of 2,376 meters (7,795 feet), Kizimen is a stratovolcano composed of alternating layers of ash, lava, and rocks thrown out by previous eruptions. Geologists estimate that the volcano formed about 12,000 years ago. Kizimen experienced an explosive eruption in 1927 and 1928.

 

NASA Earth Observatory image by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon, using ALI data from the EO-1 team. Caption by Michon Scott.

 

Instrument: EO-1 - ALI

 

To view other images from this event go to: earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/event.php?id=48276

 

Credit: NASA Earth Observatory

 

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission.

 

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Taken on January 7, 2011