OLD BERMUDA in the 1930s
OLD BERMUDA, from Glass Lantern-Slides MADE IN JAPAN by T. ENAMI'S son TAMOTSU back in the 1930s !

The images in this set were shot ca.1932-36 by an unknown cameraman....or cameramen.

At the moment, the comment blocks under many of the photos are filled with the most amazing revelations and memories of the good people of Bermuda who have identified most of the images where I had no clue.

Please read the visitor comments under the captions at any photo that interests you to see the discoveries unfold.

THE PHOTOS

As far as is known, the old glass slides (each 3 1/4 x 4 inches in size) originally belonged to a now-unknown family in New England, USA until Okinawa_Soba negotiated to obtain them from a New England middleman --- who himself seemed to be a middleman of a middleman who was handling the private, un-named Estate.

At the time of purchase, I had NO IDEA THAT THE IMAGE CONTENT WAS BERMUDA !!! Rather, I thought they were images taken in various ports on a tourist's trip around the world --- including Bermuda.

Most might have been taken by a skilled amateur during a stay of several weeks, or, they could be copies of real-photo postcards that were for sale in Bermuda during the 1930s.

With the exception of only one image, all of the photos here are real photos --- and apparently unique --- not copies of half-tone or "litho" postcards.

The one exception has already been identified as a copy of an old lithograph or collotype postcard of a STONE QUARRY on Bermuda.

It is quite possible that others are from old, real-photo stock images --- but images that have not been seen until this group from Japan was discovered.

Also, outside of the Stone Quarry image, there have been no exact matches with any period postcards held in the personal archives of Bermuda collectors.


BERMUDA....MADE IN JAPAN !

No matter what the source, someone eventually got the black & white negatives or prints into the hands of TAMOTSU ENAMI in Yokohama, Japan, to be copied and made into glass lantern slides, and hand-colored for the purpose of giving more realistic, colorful slide shows.

Why was it important to me to obtain these slides ? I have been "chasing" the history of the T. ENAMI STUDIO for the past 20 years (since 1989), and finding 75 of these slides --- all with the T. ENAMI studio label affixed to every slide --- a small boon to my research.

However, the illustrious Meiji-era photographer T. ENAMI (1859-1929) had passed away before these glass slides were made, and it was his first son, TAMOTSU who was keeping his father's studio alive.

TAMOTSU ENAMI was not a photographer per se. He was simply a photo processor who took over the studio of his photographer father. His father had built up quite a reputation as a fine photographer, and his studio-colorists were among the best in Japan.

Although T. ENAMI had died just a few years prior to his son receiving the order to make this private slide set of Bermuda, it is believed that the colorists were those trained directly by the "Master" himself.

Okinawa_Soba's flickr collection of original T. ENAMI images may be seen here, and is comprised mostly of photo taken ca.1892-1923 : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/collections/7215761388...

My informal Website dedicated to the memory of T. Enami is found here : www.t-enami.org/


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Technical Notes :

THESE WERE ORIGINALLY ALL BLACK AND WHITE GLASS SLIDES. THE IMAGES ARE PHOTOGRAPHS, BUT THE COLORS ARE SUBJECTIVE WORKS OF ART. JAPANESE "PHOTO COLORISTS" IN YOKOHAMA, SITTING ON THE FLOOR AT A LOW TABLES, APPLIED THE TRANSPARENT DYES TO THE SURFACE OF THE B&W IMAGE. IT WAS A TIME CONSUMING PROCESS THAT INVOLVED LOOKING THROUGH MAGNIFYING GLASSES, AND USING FINE BRUSHES --- SOME AS THIN AS A SINGLE HAIR.

The slides were processed, printed on glass, and hand-colored by the T. ENAMI STUDIO in Yokohama, JAPAN, under the direction of T. Enami's son, TAMOTSU, and are part of Okinawa_Soba's T. ENAMI ARCHIVE.

Tamotsu survived WW2, and remained a photo processor in Yokohama until his death in 1969.

Although the pre-WW2 colorists of these Bermuda images must be commended for their patience, skill, and good judgment, under the circumstances, critical accuracy of color schemes is not guaranteed to be 100% accurate. This link will take you right to a discussion about slide coloring in the comment section of another BERMUDA RAILWAY post in this set : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3297978149/#comment721...


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CREATIVE COMMONS RIGHTS GRANTED TO ALL for non-profit use.

ROYALTY FREE COMMERCIAL RIGHTS GRANTED DIRECTLY TO WRITERS AND PUBLISHERS (INCLUDING SELF-PUBLISHERS) WHO WANT TO USE ANY OF THESE PHOTOS IN BOOKS, OTHER PRINTED MATTER, OR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE DISPLAY RELATED TO BERMUDA --- AS WELL AS USE ON BERMUDA RELATED WEBSITES THAT FEATURE PAID ADVERTISING. NO PROBLEM.

Rights granted are restricted solely to the above uses, by permission of the webmaster at T. ENAMI ARCHIVES www.t-enami.org/

No rights extended to Middle-man eBay Pirates and CD Photo harvesters.
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