CHINESE FOOT BINDING (1)

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    Welcome to CHINESE FOOT BINDING 101, in FOUR PARTS --- The story of how 4.5 BILLION Chinese Girls got a raw deal, maimed and crippled for life (with up to 10% suffering death) by a cultural outrage against nature that continued for a thousand years.

    ".......what we do know is that the process of binding a foot was agonizing -- so painful that by some estimates one girl in 10 died of shock in the first few days......" www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2005/03/23/200324...

    NOTE : If you are here simply to read the gory details of HOW IT WAS DONE, that's OK.

    Please scroll down past the introduction and go to PART 1, where you will find plenty of INFECTION, INTERNAL BLEEDING, OOZING PUS, ROTTING FLESH, CHRONIC FUNGUS, GANGRENE, PUTRID ODORS, and the SNAPPING, CRUNCHING sound of little girl's feet HAVING THEIR BONES CRUSHED AND BROKEN.....without anesthesia, and without mercy, making the TORTURE TECHNIQUES of the American CIA look like Mother Teresa compared to the UNRELENTING TORTURE OF LITTLE GIRLS practiced for a millennium by the HAN CHINESE of Asia.

    SEX, SEX, and MORE SEX

    SEXUAL ISSUES and SPURIOUS SEXUAL REASONS FOR FOOT BINDING are covered in PART 3.

    WARNING : CONTAINS GRAPHIC DESCRIPTIONS AND SEXUALLY EXPLICIT COMMENTS REFERENCING MALE AND FEMALE ANATOMY USING BOTH SLANG AND TECHNICAL TERMS.

    That is to say, NFTK. (Not For The Kiddies)

    IF YOU ARE TOO SQUEAMISH TO READ THE HORROR STORY RIGHT AWAY, I WILL HELP YOU RELAX FIRST BY PLAYING A GAME. The Game is called FIND THE HEEL. Go to this link, and see of you can find the heel that used to be naturally rounded out behind the girl's foot. If you can't find it, and give up, just read the caption to find out where it went. After you're done, you can come back here and continue reading :

    www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3461349265/in/set-7215...

    You seriously DON'T want to read anything else, and just want to look at all the pics ?

    Ok.....here's my complete FOOT BINDING Photo Set : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/sets/72157617279516959/

    Also, here's the direct link to a stereoview (3-D) view of the above photo. You can always come back and check it out later : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3461351447/in/photostr...

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    DISCLAIMER, and STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

    What follows is not a racist rant against the nation we now call "China", so please relax.

    Everyone in China did not practice foot binding, and many of the more sane Chinese were against it to the point where some regions and tribes enacted prohibitions against it. Therefore, the condemnation of this cultural practice which you are about to read is not a blanket condemnation of all Chinese who lived in China during times past, nor those who are descended from them today. It is certainly not a post against the Chinese Women who suffered so horribly. Neither is it a post against the young girls who were at times forced by their parents to break the feet of their even younger sisters. As for the Mothers who "fell in line" and allowed this male-directed madness to proceed, the words "Stockholm Syndrome" come to mind.

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm_syndrome

    What I have written below is a post against those particular men in China who initiated it and allowed it to take root, who promoted it, defended it, and perpetuated it in the regions where it was allowed by leaders who did not care. It is against those particular billions of men who came later and oversaw the continuing horrific pain and suffering of women and children while making no attempt to stop it, even in their own homes.

    It is also a post against those particular men in today's China who continue on in the spirit of treachery against women by allowing the stone-aged practice of FEMALE INFANTICIDE --- via the lopsided, prejudicial abortion of tens of millions of devalued little girls --- while letting the little boys live on, simply because they have a little pecker between their legs.

    In a broader sense, it is also a post against every male chauvinist pig who has ever been born on the face of the earth.

    Period.

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    INTRODUCTORY RANT ---- BOGUS CONCEPTS ABOUT CULTURE

    Did Confucius ever say, "...If only one man crush and break daughter's feet to destroy happy childhood, cripple her for life (and maybe kill her), he is CRIMINAL PSYCHOPATH and VERY SICK BASTARD........ But, if one million man do it, it is RESPECTABLE and HONORABLE CULTURE..." ?

    No, he did not. He was long dead by the time the insidious practice of foot binding came along. However, he probably wished he had said the above, and is now in the grave, kicking himself in the butt for not being the first to introduce this crime against women.

    Confuse Us....er... Confucius was just another male chauvinist pig of the first degree, whose teachings helped lay the groundwork for the stupidity that was to follow. He will be discussed again later --- in negative terms, of course --- at the very end of this long 101 caption.

    Further, in PARTS 3 and 4 below, the following people will also get smacked around : Modern-day, so-called "educators" who spend their time (1) groveling on the ground before the Idols of superstition and ignorance, (2) pandering to the sublime cop-out of "cultural relativism", and (3) appealing to adolescent "Time-Place" arguments while making immature pronouncements like "all cultural practices and beliefs must be respected on their own terms in the context of the age during which they occurred".

    Here's a preview :

    Q & A.

    QUESTION : What do you call a person who is the opposite of a "Cultural Imperialist"?

    And by "Cultural Imperialist" --- in the context of this foot binding caption, at least --- I mean someone (like me, for example) who would like to rid the world of backward, stone-age, male-dominated, sexist, cultural practices that slash, maim, crush, cut, burn, break, torture, sexually traffic, enslave, rape, abuse, and suppress WOMEN and CHILDREN, simply because they are WOMEN and CHILDREN.

    ANSWER : You call these anti-Cultural Imperialists "Time-Place Wackos", "Cultural Relativists", and the Malignant Mavens of "Moral Relativity".

    They are the so-called "scholars", "educators" and "bureaucrats" of the world who excuse, coddle, and kiss up to ignorance, superstition, and male chauvinism wherever it is found on our planet (both past and present). They are those who cannot think outside the safe little box that they live in, or engage their brain in any independent thought --- unless it is happens to be thinking about themselves to the exclusion of all others.

    They are those who have no personal fortitude, guts, understanding, compassion, or meaningful values that they can extend to others. The have no empathy or interest in those on the other side of cultural or national boundaries who are being mutilated, crushed, or caged. By their "politically correct" passive omissions, and failure to SPEAK OUT AGAINST SUCH THINGS, they demonstrate not only their complicity, but their lack of interest in alleviating the adult-imposed physical abuse of WOMEN and CHILDREN the world over --- with the un-spoken, self-serving, fortuitous excuse that since it's not happening on their side of the fence, why should they speak out or even care ?

    These proponents of MORAL RELATIVITY tell us that.....

    (1)..... if one man in a village somewhere throws acid in the face of a 14-year-old girl before slitting her throat and roasting her alive --- all because she had a romantic crush on some unapproved male --- that this is a "heinous, horrible crime"....

    But somehow.....

    (2)..... if one hundred men in a village do it to one hundred women, the crime is no longer a crime, but is now suddenly and wonderfully transformed into "culture", and is "not to be judged or condemned", and is now "worthy of our understanding and appreciation in the context in which it occurs", etc etc blah blah blah.

    This kindergarten-to-adolescent approach to life is called "Magical Thinking".

    It is also called "Bullsh*t".

    To cover their lame excuses, these "Moral and Cultural Relativists" clap their hands and say,

    "......Whatever people do in other cultures, that's OK...because it's their Culture...."

    They are the ones who put daisies in their hair, and dance around in circles singing,

    "....... I'm OK...You're OK...We're ALL OK ! Let's all just GET ALONG, and RESPECT WHATEVER EACH OF US DOES and WHATEVER WE HAPPEN TO BELIEVE......."

    These are the same folks who stick their head in the sand and say,

    ".....Throwing acid in young girls faces, and "Honor Killing" of women who don't do what men tell them to do is their beautiful tradition ! It's their time-honored culture ! Who are we to say that what they are doing is wrong ? Who are we to judge ? ...."

    Blah Blah Blah.

    Getting back to our subject, here's a REAL EXAMPLE from the Internet : "......However, let's not condemn this practice [of foot binding] for we cannot judge it in respect to our own culture. To fully understand a practice such as foot binding we have to practice cultural relativism......" www.angelfire.com/ca/beekeeper/foot.html

    I'm sure the writer of that Essay has no condemnation for GENITAL MUTILATION either, nor a host of other practices that are destructive of children. And I'm sure he has no condemnation for Japan's long culture of SELLING CHILDREN INTO THE WORLD OF PROSTITUTION, and finds no fault with America's long history and culture of SLAVERY, and SELLING HUMAN BEINGS ON THE AUCTION BLOCK. How nice....NOT. After all, "we have to practice cultural relativism".

    Yeah. Right. Excuse me while I Barf.

    Again, Cultural Relativism is just another euphemism and piss-poor excuse for not engaging the brain, heart, or any other level of logic or independent thought that goes deeper than 1mm into the skin of a rotten banana.

    YOU MAY NOW SCROLL DOWN TO PART 1 FOR THE GORY DETAILS OF HOW TO CRUSH THE FEET OF INNOCENT CHILDREN.....

    .....OR YOU MAY READ ON A BIT MORE IF YOU NEED TO GET CURED OF YOUR DEVIANT AFFECTIONS FOR TIME-PLACE, CULTURAL RELATIVITY :

    If you really believe that human culture --- both past and present --- cannot be judged, then please send me all of your WIVES, GIRLFRIENDS, YOUNG DAUGHTERS, AND GRAND-DAUGHTERS.

    I will return them to you completely SCREWED, BLUED, and TATTOOED, minus their CLITORIS and HALF OF THEIR VAGINAL PLUMBING thanks to genital mutilation carried out by using the rusted lid from an old tunafish can, their collar bones and shoulders WARPED AND TWISTED BY NECK RING EXTENSIONS, their once happy FEET CRUSHED BY FOOT BINDING, and their EARS and LIPS HALF-RIPPED FROM THEIR FACES and ENLARGED BY WOODEN DISK AND PLUG DECORATIONS.

    And that's just for starters ! On the way home from their trip, I will have them do a 6-month "Home Stay" in a remote village under TALIBAN rule. Woo Hoo !!!

    Finally, so they can really understand the "beautiful and amazing culture of foot binding" as practiced in old China, I will personally take a sledgehammer to your daughters tender and natural feet before I send them home to you. And don't forget : ".......what we do know is that the process of binding a foot was agonizing -- so painful that by some estimates one girl in 10 died of shock in the first few days......" www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2005/03/23/200324...

    Of course, since you have taught your children the sick values of "Moral Relativity", I'm sure they won't feel a thing as internal bleeding and infection set in.

    Oh...You say you only have a SON ? Great ! No problem ! Give me the young lad for a while, and I'll take him to live with the SAMBIA TRIBE, where he can give BLOW JOBS to all of the men in the Village until their semen flows out his ears.

    lrivera0327.tripod.com/

    Now, give me your little newborn infant --- for the sake of his or her health, I'm going to toss 'em off a 50 foot building into a sheet --- fireman's style !!! Woo Hoo ! I'm sure the impact will knock more sense into your baby than you apparently have !

    www.liveleak.com/view?i=8ed_1209300037

    Yes, let's see how culturally tolerant you are of Okinawa_Soba's world-tour contributions to your young son's and daughters international experiences !!!

    On second thought, forget your kids. I want YOU ! I'm sending you off for a vacation to the land of Head Hunters and Cannibals for a cultural experience you will never remember --- because you will be DEAD ! What's that you say ? Cannibalism is a fine cultural feature of man --- just as long as YOU are not the one being eaten ? HA ! That's what I thought.

    Cultural Relativism ? Give me a break.

    Read This : www.flickr.com/photos/osvaldo_zoom/2044452206/

    And many other extensive captions at these Photos : www.flickr.com/search/?w=all&q=Genital+Mutilation&amp...

    There are some so-called "enlightened" and "educated" folks out there who think our world is some kind of PEACE LOVE DOVE FEST , and that we shouldn't criticize OURSELVES and OTHERS for practices that are destructive to basic human life --- failing to understand that we are part of ONE HUMAN FAMILY, and who share our ONE HOME, PLANET EARTH --- and whose RACIST ATTITUDES allow for and placate those who would destroy the natural functions, liberty, and happiness of another.

    Thank GOD (or MOTHER NATURE) that you who are reading this are NOT ONE OF THOSE "TIME-PLACE" WACKO TYPES ! However, on the outside chance that you are, the COMMENTS SECTION is now open for business, where you may put me in my Cultural Imperialist place.

    And after you are done bashing me for my lack of respect for others, you may celebrate by having a drink (from a bowl) with this woman :

    www.liveleak.com/view?i=9e2_1244159836

    And believe me, I live under no ethic or law that requires me to have any respect for any culture whose actions and proclivities against women and children are born from male-dominated social structures, perpetuated and preserved by pampered men having the mentality of a mushroom.

    Thank You.

    Now, let's move on to the destruction of a few Chinese girls feet --- BILLIONS OF THEM !!!

    None of us are above what you are about to read; that is to say, every human being has the capacity for doing evil things. The problem comes when individuals and societies don't deal with evil things before they get out of hand. This custom of foot binding --- practiced for a thousand years by about half the tribes and ethnic regions of old China --- will be examined and ripped apart here as an example for all of us on what NOT to do, with implications for all other cultures of the world today that treat women like animals.....

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    PART 1 : HOW IT WAS DONE :

    *** THE CHINESE METHOD OF CRUSHING THE FEET OF YOUNG GIRLS ***

    SNAP, CRACKLE, and POP !

    First, be aware of two gross fallacies floating around on the internet :

    (1) There are several serious statements found across the Web that say things such as wearing high heeled shoes are just as bad for your feet as Chinese foot binding. The people who say such things are either blithering idiots, or as clueless as a rock under a barrel.

    (2) There are also several serious statements found across the Web that say Chinese foot binding simply consisted of wrapping cloth tightly around the foot for two years to slow the growth and development of the foot. The people who describe it like that should get the "Nobel Prize for Making the Understatement of the Millennium", and are guilty of glossing over the horrific reality of what went on under those pretty white strips of cloth.

    To those broad-minded souls who think that anything and everything falling under the umbrella of what we call "culture" is a wonderful thing, and that all of China was a civilized country of age and wisdom, then please read this barbaric description of what FOOT BINDING really entailed for the BILLIONS of little girls that were forced into it for ultimate "sexual" and / or so-called "cultural" reasons.

    OK..... GRAB YOUR DAUGHTER (or your SISTER) and LET'S DO IT !!!

    ".......At about the age of three to six years old, when the bones of the young girl's feet were fully developed, the footbinding began. It was generally an elder female member of the girl's family or a professional footbinder who started the binding. It was seen as preferable to avoid having the mother do it as she might be sympathetic to the pain of her daughter's feet and loosen the bandages. The process was started before the arch of the foot had a chance to properly develop. Binding usually started during the winter months so that the feet were numb, meaning the pain would not be as extreme.

    First, each foot would be soaked in a warm mixture of herbs and animal blood, this is to soften the foot to aid the binding. Then her toenails were cut back as far as possible to prevent ingrowth and subsequent infections since the toes were to be pressed tightly into the sole of the foot. To prepare her for what was to come next the girl's feet were delicately massaged. Cotton bandages, ten feet long and two inches wide, were prepared by soaking them in the same blood and herb mix as before.

    The toes on each foot were then pressed downwards into the sole of the foot until they were broken, and held against the sole of the foot. The foot was then drawn straight with the leg and the arch broken. The bandage would be repeatedly wound in a figure eight movement, starting at the inside of the foot at the instep, then carried over the toes, under the foot, and round the heel, the freshly broken toes being pressed tightly into the sole of the foot. At each pass the binding was tightened, pulling the ball of the foot and the heel ever close together. When the binding is done, the end of the binding cloth is sewn tightly to prevent the girl from loosening it. As the wet bandages dried they would constrict greatly, making the binding even tighter.

    This binding ritual would be repeated as often as possible (for the rich at least once daily, for poor peasants two or three times a week), with fresh bindings. Each time the feet were unbound they would be kneaded to make the joints more flexible, then washed and the nails meticulously trimmed. Immediately after this pedicure the feet are rebound and the bindings are pulled tighter each time, making this process continually more and more painful. The unbound feet would regularly be soaked in a concoction (also considered a "special potion") that caused any necrotised flesh to fall off.

    The girl was not allowed to rest after her feet had been bound, however much pain she was in she would often have to walk long distances on her broken & bound feet, so that her own body weight crushed her feet into the correct shape.

    The most common ailment of bound feet was infection. Toenails would often ingrow and could lead to flesh rotting, if the infection got into the bones of the feet it could cause toes to drop off. Toes dropping off was seen as a positive, as the feet could then be bound even tighter than before. Disease inevitably followed infection meaning that death could result from foot binding.

    As the girl grew older, she was more at risk from medical problems. Even after the foot bones healed they were prone to re-breaking. Older women were more likely to break hips and other bones in falls and were less able to stand up from sitting......"

    The above was condensed in the Wiki from the following books : (1) Jackson, Beverly: Splendid Slippers. Berkley: Tenspeed Press. 1997, (2) Levy, Howard S: The Lotus Lovers: The Complete History of the Curious Erotic Tradition of Foot Binding in China. New York:Prometheus Books 1991, and (3) Cummings, S & Stone, K: Consequences of Foot Binding Among Older Women in Beijing China. American Journal of Public Health EBSCO Host. Oct 1997.

    And finally THIS :

    "..........It usually began somewhere between the ages of four and seven. Possibly even later if the family was poor and needed their daughter to do work around the house or farm. A bandage, ten feet long and two inches wide was wrapped tightly around the foot, forcing the [already broken] four small toes under the sole of the foot. This made the feet narrower but at the same time it made the feet shorter because it also forced the big toe and the heel closer together by bowing the arch of the foot. The bandage was tightened each day and the girl was put into progressively smaller and smaller sized shoes. The entire process usually took about two years at the end of which the feet were essentially dead and utterly useless.......

    The feet had to be washed and manicured on a daily basis. If they weren't manicured properly the toe nails could cut into the instep and infection could set in. If the bindings were too tight they could cut off circulation which could lead to gangrene and blood poisoning.

    The feet had to be massaged and given hot and cold compresses to help relieve the pain and help improve circulation. If all this isn't bad enough, corns would develop on the toes that were bent under and would have to be cut off with a knife. But wait! It gets worse! With the lack of circulation flesh would rot and fall off and sometimes the toes would ooze pus.

    The pain was said to have been excruciating especially if this process was begun at a later age...... It is difficult to imagine the suffering that these women had to endure. Here is an account from a woman that went through this ordeal:

    A CHINESE WOMAN TELLS HER TALE

    "When I was seven my mother….washed and placed alum on my feet and cut my toenails. She then bent my toes toward the plantar with a binding cloth ten feet long and two inches wide doing the right foot first and then the left. She...ordered me to walk but when I did the pain proved unbearable, that night...my feet felt on fire and I couldn't sleep; mother struck me for crying. On the following days I tried to hide but was forced to walk on my feet...after several months all toes but the big one were pressed against the inner surface......mother would remove the bindings and wipe the blood and puss which dripped from my feet. She told me that only with removal of the flesh could my feet become slender...every two weeks I changed to new shoes. Each new pair was one to two tenths of an inch smaller than the previous one....

    In summer my feet smelled offensively because of puss and blood;in winter my feet felt cold because of lack of circulation...four of the toes were curled in like so many dead caterpillars...it took two years to achieve the three inch model...my shanks were thin, my feet became humped, ugly and odoriferous........ "

    www.angelfire.com/ca/beekeeper/foot.html

    ARE YOU STILL WITH ME SO FAR ? HAVING THE BONES OF YOUR FEET CRUSHED AND BOUND FOR LIFE IS NOT THE SAME AS WEARING A PAIR OF HIGH HEELS TO A SOCIAL FUNCTION ON FRIDAY NIGHT.

    If you cannot figure that one out, it's probably time for your milk and cookies.

    THE CHINESE WOMEN SPEAK : www.josephrupp.com/story1116.html

    Do you want to delve more deeply into the psychological factors that --- after the practice became entrenched in China --- caused women to willingly go along with it all, being "bound together" with other women in their suffering ? You may go back and review the above two links, and also this excellent paper that discusses it all from a base context of immigrant foot binding practiced in the USA : userwww.sfsu.edu/~epf/2001/chang.html

    A VERY IMPORTANT TOPIC OF DISCUSSION THAT REMAINS PARTIALLY UNRESOLVED, AND OPEN FOR FURTHER DISCUSSION : WAS THIS A MINORITY PRACTICE OF THE HAN CHINESE, OR A MAJORITY ONE ? Or, was Chinese society split RIGHT DOWN THE MIDDLE ?

    One paper (already quoted above) makes the general remark that "....In some areas and among some social groups, such as the Hakka in southern China, women's' feet were generally not bound and even among the imperial courts of the Ming and Qing dynasties the practice was not strictly observed. Despite these exceptions, however, footbinding was more commonly practiced than not....." academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/studpages/vento...

    In any case, ROUGHLY HOW MANY HUMAN BEINGS WERE CRIPPLED AND DEFORMED BY THIS PSYCHOPATHIC PERVERSION OF LUST AND CULTURE ?

    RUBBER MEETS THE ROAD. ONE ESTIMATE GIVEN FOR TOTAL COUNT OF CHINESE GIRLS WHO HAD THEIR FEET CRUSHED AND BROKEN : 4.5 BILLION.

    THAT'S ONLY A MEAGER AVERAGE OF 4.5 MILLION LITTLE GIRLS A YEAR over 1000 YEARS. WAY LESS THAN THAT NUMBER WHEN THEY STARTED IT, AND RUNNING TO THE TENS-OF-MILLIONS (OR HUNDREDS-OF-MILLIONS) A YEAR BY THE TIME MAO PUT A SERIOUS END TO IT ALL IN 1946.

    4.5 BILLION GIRLS TOTAL.

    EXCELLENT MAP showing FOOT BINDING BY REGIONS : www.csuchico.edu/~cheinz/syllabi/fall99/linzey/where.html

    CONGRATULATIONS TO THOSE CHINESE LEADERS AND REGIONS THAT REFUSED TO ALLOW THE NATURAL LIVES OF THEIR WOMEN TO BE DESTROYED BY FOOT BINDING

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    PART 2 : THE PHOTOGRAPHS

    The above ca.1900 photo was made in a hotel in Shanghai. Her mother is off camera acting as chaperon. The girl did not want to expose her feet, but stereo-photographer JAMES RICALTON offered her four silver dollars if she said OK.

    Here's the story in Ricalton's own "cleaned up" words found on the back of the above photo : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3490090118/in/set-7215...

    The deep 3-D version, with her feet coming right at you for close examination is next to this image in the photostream (or click here : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3461351447/in/photostr... )

    Her feet may be seen again from a top angle, and in comparison with a low-class laboring woman's foot in this rare 3-D photo :

    www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3461350093/

    Here she is before taking her shoes off for RICALTON :

    www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3461348795/

    Here's my COMPLETE SET OF FOOTBINDING PHOTOS on Flickr : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/sets/72157617279516959/

    Just how small could they make their feet appear by pulling the big toe and heel even closer together in shoes made help them do that ? You'd be amazed ! Another flickr member has posted a great image to help you see it. : "........ www.flickr.com/photos/22719239@N04/2283064557/

    However, the few 2-D and 3-D pics right here in Okinawa_Soba's FOOT BINDING 101 set are CREATIVE COMMONS licensed, and in nice, clear condition for immediate use if you need them for your blogs, collages, artwork, or homework assignments.

    NO, I don't want to see or hear any more about foot binding. TAKE ME TO THE KITTENS ! www.flickr.com/search/?w=24443965@N08&q=Kitty&m=tags

    ****************************************************************

    PART 3 :

    SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX SEX......and even MORE SEX !!!

    NOTE : The following discussion contains words like MASTURBATE and VAGINA. If you are sensitive to the use of such words (which are found in any English Dictionary), please skip to PART 4. On second thought, DON'T skip to PART 4. After all, why would you want to skip over the lovely concept of a man trying to have sexual intercourse with his wife's sweaty, smelly foot that's all covered with fungal slime ?

    It is written in several places that Chinese men were culturally trained to think that the particular walking "gait" of a young women crippled like this was something VERY SEXY. How do we know this at least partly true ? Because the Manchu women --- who were prohibited from binding their own feet, yet were aware that a few Chinese men thought it was HOT STUFF --- came up with their own footwear that would cause them to mimic the gait of girls with bound feet, hoping to make themselves appear more attractive to men.

    ".......The custom is commonly cited by sociologists and anthropologists as examples of how an extreme deformity by contemporary standards can be viewed [by men] as a source of "beauty and pleasure", and how immense human suffering can be inflicted upon girls [by men] in the pursuit of female beauty......"

    A TIGHT FIT & A FIRM GRIP

    "......This is plain in Chinese pornography; the upper leg of a woman with bound feet was supposed to be extra strong, and her vagina was said to be powerful. Men were supposed to enjoy a wonderful grip. In the paintings, in what- ever position the amorous male devised, he was likely to be holding his partner's foot, invariably in a tiny white sock. The sock prevented the man from seeing, handling, or smelling the woman's deformed foot....."

    www.spectator.co.uk/books/20121/part_2/torture-as-a-text....

    Apparently, men who allow their daughters to be physically tortured and maimed need an extremely tight vagina because they all have extremely small peckers --- so small, in fact, that once inserted into the to target area, their little ding dongs cannot find or make contact with the sidewalls of a normal-sized vagina !

    The (ahem) TIGHT VAGINA thing is commented on further at this lovely photo : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3461349265/in/set-7215...

    And...SPEAKING OF VAGINAS....

    LET A SMILE BE YOUR UMBRELLA

    LET A FOOT BE YOUR VAGINA

    ".......Bound feet were considered "intensely erotic". Qing Dynasty sex manuals listed 48 different ways of playing with women's bound feet. Some men preferred never to see a woman's bound feet, so they were always concealed within tiny "lotus shoes". Feng Xun is recorded as stating, "If you remove the shoes and bindings, the aesthetic feeling will be destroyed forever." For them, the erotic effect was a function of the lotus gait, the tiny steps and swaying walk of a woman whose feet had been bound. The very fact that the bound foot was concealed from men's eyes was, in and of itself, sexually appealing. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot_binding

    And then this lovely passage ......

    ".......Unlikely though it may sound, it was said that the way a foot bound woman walked, mainly on her heels, tightened the vaginal muscles and enhanced the act of sexual intercourse. Whether this was true or not, like a modern-day foot fetishist, a Chinese man of those times would find the withered extremity to be highly arousing, even to the exclusion of the woman attached. Men would become aroused simply by a shoe intended for a bound foot. They would buy, beg, borrow or even steal these tiny shoes and pleasure themselves (MASTURBATE) with them or even drink from them...... While one man may just enjoy seeing his wife's bound feet along with the rest of her body, another may adore the smell of dirty bindings. And some men even wanted to (ahem) pleasure themselves (MORE MASTURBATION) by treating the fold of a bound foot like a VAGINA......" www.dismalaesthetics.com/boundfeet.html

    Using a crippled woman's shoe to MASTERBATE with ?

    Using the folded crack of a broken foot as a VAGINA ?

    Holy Mother of God.

    That's right folks, who needs a HAND (or even a warm watermelon with a hole in it) when you have a smelly old crippled foot coated with dried pus to satisfy your sexual needs

    So...what other writers and scholars are telling us is that --- like gunpowder and movable type --- the Chinese also invented Birth Control by diverting mens peckers away from the natural pleasure of the fertile vagina, to the inner folds of the bent, broken, and putrifying feet of crippled woman.

    Uh huh. Ok. Let's examine that.

    Considering that they didn't have IUDs and "The Pill" back then, we can always say that such a national fetish as having sex with a foot could double as a 100% Guaranteed method of BIRTH CONTROL. Yes, we can SAY that. However, the booming population of China even then seems to say the Foot-crack Vagina thing wasn't all it was (ahem) cracked up to be "

    Why ? Because it is also written in numerous places that......

    .....an uncovered foot would also give off a foul odor, as various fungi would colonize the unwashable folds, and etc etc etc. Then again, we are thwarted by scholarship that states plenty of the foot-binder guys really got turned on by the smell of rotting flesh coated with pus and fungus.

    YUMMY YUMMY !!! --- LET ME SUCK ON IT !!!

    ".......The mincing gait of these maidens, who could not stray beyond the limits of their room, bewitches men, young an old alike,” Pang-Mei Natasha Chang wrote in Bound Feet and Western Dress. “He who beat out all others in a drinking game downed his last from one tiny embroidered slipper whose owner lay waiting for him on the top floor of the teahouse.” Later upstairs, “In the intimacy of her chamber, she would unravel the bindings of her feet and reveal them to him. That evening, in a final moment of passion, he would lift her tiny unwrapped feet to his shoulders and thrust them into his mouth to suck........"

    factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=104&catid=4&...

    Apparently, the sex drive of some of these guys was so strong that it made them oblivious to the putrid odors emanating from the "tasty" dried puss, bacteria and sweat that lined the dark and moldy cracks of his wife's crippled feet (or those prostitutes of the Tea Houses mentioned above) as they dove in there to get their rocks off while fantasizing about even bigger, moldy cracks in the Great Wall of China !

    Do you think I am kidding ? Here's what one foot-bound women has to say about how romantic some of the men of old China could be : ".....To us, the smell of rotting flesh would be unbearable. But back then, men wrote poems about the rich smell......" www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2005/03/23/200324...

    Can you just imagine millions of these guys over the centuries, smashing little girls feet to provide future foot vaginas for other guys just like them ? After all, who's not to say that someone culturally brainwashed enough to demand that a woman have crushed and deformed feet, would not also be mentally warped enough to actually have sex with a foot by trying to force his pecker into the oozing, fetid, fungus-filled, puss-dripping, necrotic, smelly, pungent folds of his wife's foot, or the skanky feet of the local prostitutes ?

    WHAT THE HELL WERE THEY THINKING ???

    OK....let's keep going, here....

    A WOMANS PLACE IS IN A CAGE THE HOME :

    ".......The other primary attribute of a woman having bound feet was to limit her mobility, altering the means by which females were allowed to be a part of politics and of the world at large. It also gave the woman an irreversible dependency on her family. Thus bound feet became an alluring symbol of chastity, as a bound foot woman was largely restricted to her home and could not venture far without an escort to help her, thus denying any advances upon her and ensuring her total and absolute devotion to her husband......" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot_binding

    Beautiful ? Erotic ? Chastity by forced "Devotion" ? Yeah. Right. Some men should have their heads examined.

    ADULT MEN PROJECTING SEXUAL DESIRES ON THEIR SON'S WIVES.

    With all of those SEX and BONDAGE reasons for foot binding being bantered about, it might be good to point out that most marriages contracted among the MILLIONS and BILLIONS of Chinese who practiced foot binding were ARRANGED MARRIAGES --- settled on at a young age, with the groom not even seeing his bride until the day they were married.

    If such was the case, "scholarly" statements that say foot binding was for the purpose of "mate-baiting" or catching a man through "sexual attractiveness" seems to be way off the mark, if not completely wrong. That would not be surprising. So-called "scholars" have had a special talent for screwing up the annals of history on way more than one occasion.

    So, either way --- for SEX, or NOT FOR SEX --- we can again rightfully ask the question : WHAT THE HELL WERE THEY THINKING ?

    LET'S TAKE ANOTHER LOOK AT THE SEX THING.

    The SEX ANGLE basically is telling us that half the adult men in old China liked girls who hobbled around on BROKEN FEET, and wanted their daughters to look like that for their future, unseen husbands. If true, what was it about the way the foot-bound girls walked that allegedly "turned them on" so much ?

    Let's give it a try, and see for ourselves --- BUT, WITHOUT THE PAIN !

    THE "LOTUS GAIT", or TRY TO WALK A MILE IN THEIR SHOES

    According to the photographer of the above image, who spent a long time in China observing these things (as well as a modern-day Chinese writer on the subject who agrees with him) this is what you do to mimic the final results of foot binding :

    *****Walk around the room, or down the street on the heels of your feet. Don't let your toes or the balls of your feet ever touch the ground. Go ahead, try it for a while ! How do you think you look doing that ? Well, that's what more than a few scholars say the Chinese men FOUND ATTRACTIVE AND SEXY FOR 1000 YEARS.*****

    I ask a NEW question : DID LOOKING AT CRIPPLED GIRLS, AS THEY HOBBLED AROUND IN PAIN AND SUFFERING ON THEIR CRUSHED AND BROKEN FEET, REALLY MAKE A GUY'S PECKER STAND UP ???

    We'll get back to that question.

    SEX ?.......WHO NEEDS THAT ? .......JUST GIMME SOME TORTURE !

    If we adhere to the contrary NOT FOR SEX opinion that says foot binding was NOT for the "sexual reasons" some sources maintain, then why did the men of China allow their mother-in-laws, wives, or the older sisters to break the bones of the little sisters feet ? Was it for amusement purposes ? Did it entertain psychopathic men who liked hearing the tortured screaming of little girls as they were held down and their bones broken?

    If not, then WHAT ? We have to ask WHY the MILLIONS AND MILLIONS (actually, it was BILLIONS) of fathers who permitted it, allowing it to go on for centuries on end, without interceding or protecting their daughters. Period.

    Here is a good NOT FOR SEX explanation :

    A very balanced paper on the subject written in 1998 remarks that "..... One notable personality who aided in the spread of footbinding was the famed writer and scholar Zhu Xi (1130-1200 A.D.), whose commentaries on the Confucian classics would form the canon of Neo-Confucianism that would dominate Chinese intellectual and philosophical life for six subsequent centuries. An ardent advocate of footbinding, he introduced the practice into southern Fuijan in order to spread Chinese culture and teach proper relations between men and women, greatly influencing other writers who mention the practice as if it were normal......" academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/studpages/vento...

    Zhu Xi was a "scholar" ? An "Intellectual" ? He was "Philosophical" ? An "ardent advocate of foot binding" ? "A spreader of Chinese culture" ?

    Yeah. Right.

    Actually, I think a more accurate description of the man would be "complete assshole, a total monster, and a scholar of total bullsh*t".

    THEORIES ARE A DIME A DOZEN..... MAKE UP YOUR OWN !

    OH NO.... BACK TO THE SEX THING...AGAIN ??? Of COURSE !!!

    Just for the hell of it, Okinawa_Soba will now demonstrate how anyone can come up with anything to explain why half of China's men wanted women to be maimed and crippled :

    ".....The socially-contained RAPIST part of the men's DNA expressed itself in the same biological and primitive reaction that SHARKS have when on the prowl to satisfy their hunger. That is, avoiding the healthy object of prey, and instead, going after the maimed, crippled, wounded, bloodied, and thrashing object in the water. Women were not "objects of love" (obviously), but rather "food" with which to satisfy the "sexual hunger" of the emotionally detached male's hormonal state of mind. Therefore, seeing women in a crippled and wounded state aroused their primitive attraction to the easy "sexual meal" that couldn't run away from them..... !!!

    So...maybe seeing crippled women walking down the street really DID make a few Chinaman's peckers stand up. Woo Hoo !!!

    Let's call it what it was, folks --- A SICK, PERVERTED CULTURE BASED ON MOB HYSTERIA OF MILLIONS OF EMOTIONALLY IMMATURE MEN WHO WERE NUMBED INTO PSYCHOPATHIC INDIFFERENCE TO THE SUFFERING OF WOMEN BY EMASCULATED, WIMPY "EDUCATORS", SO-CALLED "LEARNED SAGES", AND INDIFFERENT LEADERS WHO WERE ONLY CONCERNED WITH REVIVING THE QUESTIONABLE STATE OF THEIR SOCIALLY-PICKLED LITTLE PECKERS, INSTEAD OF PROTECTING THE HEALTH AND WELFARE OF THOSE IN THEIR NATION WHO WERE CALLED BY NATURE TO BEAR AND RAISE THE CHILDREN OF THEIR FUTURE.

    You can now call me Professor Soba, and quote my "bait-shop" theory in your next "authoritative and scholarly" paper on Foot Binding and Shark Feeding....and at your discretion, substitute "Lions and Tigers and Bears" (Oh My!) for the Great White Sharks.

    NO EXPLANATION FOR CULTURAL INSANITY CAN ACT AS AN EXCUSE FOR IT

    At the moment, even after reading numerous sources and commentary that give abundant "explanations, folk tales, spurious history, lame reasons, and piss-poor excuses" for this mass-lunacy in "time-place", I can only arrive at the same place I started --- that the chumps who promoted and allowed it (such as "scholar" Zhu Xi mentioned above) were complete wimps. No explanation or excuse can suffice to get them off the hook.

    Am I repeating myself here ? You bet I am ! Nails never get through a thick plank with only one whack.

    So much for our review of Stupid Reasons and Asinine Excuses for Foot Binding

    ********************************************************************** **

    PART 4 : OKINAWA_SOBA'S PERSONAL THOUGHTS ON THE MATTER

    The following opinions are directed at (1) those now in their graves, who tortured and maimed the female children of China, and their Rulers who allowed it, and (2) those still living who think the CONTINUING mass extermination of millions of children, just because they are females, is still a good thing.

    We have already asked,WHY DID THIS GO ON FOR SO LONG ?

    AND WHY DID MILLIONS OF MEN ALLOW IT, TOLERATE IT, and PROMOTE IT ?

    As with most things in primitive, backward cultures, it's all about SEX, who's in control, and who decides who is going to have it with whom --- with a large dose if ignorant MOB PSYCHOLOGY tossed in for good measure.

    I HAVE NOTHING AGAINST "RESPECTFUL STUDIES" ON FOOT BINDING. HOWEVER, AS YOU HAVE ALREADY NOTICED, THIS FLICKr CAPTION IN NOT ONE OF THEM. THE PRACTICE OF FOOT BINDING DESERVES ABOUT AS MUCH RESPECT AS A CANCEROUS MELANOMA GROWING ON THE TIP OF YOUR NOSE --- IN FACT, IT DESERVES LESS RESPECT.

    WHEN IT COMES TO THIS KIND OF TWISTED INHUMANITY, NO NATION OR CULTURE --- INCLUDING MY OWN --- IS EXEMPT FROM HARSH CRITICISM, ESPECIALLY WHEN IT COMES TO THE SUBJECT OF ABUSE OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

    WE MIGHT SAY TO OURSELVES ".......IT'S OVER WITH, AND NO LONGER PRACTICED, SO CONDEMNING THOSE WHO FORCED IT ON LITERALLY BILLIONS OF GIRLS FOR 1000 YEARS HAS NOW BECOME MOOT. THOSE WHO DID IT ARE NO LONGER ALIVE, SO WHAT'S THE POINT OF MORALIZING ON THE ISSUE ?......."

    TO THE CONTRARY, VOCAL (WRITTEN) CONDEMNATION OF OUR PAST FAILINGS AS HUMAN BEINGS SERVE AS A WARNING TO THOSE WHO MIGHT BE TEMPTED TO INVENT SOME EQUALLY CRUEL, STUPID, AND APPALLING THINGS TODAY.

    FURTHER --- BY EXTENSION OF PRINCIPLE --- THE POSTHUMOUS CONDEMNATION OF THOSE WHO PRACTICED FOOT BINDING SERVES AS A DIRECT CONDEMNATION OF THOSE WHO, IN ALL COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD, CONTINUE THE STONE-AGE, BARBARIC TREATMENT OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN THE PRESENT DAY --- MANY WITH THE SILENT APPROVAL OF THEIR TRADITIONS, CULTURE, AND RELIGION.

    These are not racist opinions, but definitely ones that takes a hard look at a culture that endorses this crippling, maiming, or outright killing of girls --- opinions that can be applied across the board to any barbaric idiots who like crippling or abusing children.

    All nations usually rely on the positive aspects of their history, and contributions made to the world, as something to give the citizens of the nation a pride in their existence, and an esprit de corp with which to face the future. However, if you go back far enough, you can usually find things in any country and culture where folks really SCREWED UP.

    Within the borders of America, the practice of HUMAN SLAVERY using ripped apart families abducted from Africa, and sold on auction blocks of American cities, is part of the shameful, hypocritical history and culture that built America. However, not everyone owned slaves. Yet some who did not, wished they could, while others were totally against Slavery. And even among those who were against it, there was a further sub-set of society who were not 100% convinced that African Blacks were 100% human !

    In the end, America went to war with itself over the issue, and 600,000 Americans died fighting about it, and the future of the "Union". And as everyone who lives in America knows, that was not the end of trouble of the ex-slaves and their descendants, with the fallout continuing to affect both public and private attitudes on race right into the 21st Century.

    Likewise, not everyone in old China practiced foot binding. Sadly, there were some people who didn't crush the feet of their young daughters..but secretly wished that they could ! While some regional Chinese leaders had the guts to ban the practice for the tribes and regions around them, other regional leaders did not.

    Yet the Chinese never went to war over the issue, and for a thousand years, half of the female strength of China was sacrificed on the altar of tradition, "male dominated culture", and --- as described in the above section --- the crushed bones of millions of screaming young girls.

    4.5 BILLION of them.

    A REVIEW OF THE NUMBERS (REHASHED AND EXPANDED FROM PART 1)

    In an exchange of comments with flickr commenter ralphrepo (seen below in the comment thread) some estimates were discussed that put the total number of foot-bound Chinese women at any given time in history at roughly 40 to 50 % of the entire female population --- making it initially sound like the USA dealing with "half of the Country" given over to the practice of Slavery. Some papers say it was way less than half, and others say “most of China”.

    In any case, this practice cannot be said to have blanketed the Chinese Empire in maxed-out numbers. As ralphrepo said, if such had been the case, where would they have gotten all of the full-footed, laboring women of the fields ?

    On the other hand there WERE some "laboring girls and women of the fields" who labored with crushed feet as well. They were put into this hellish position by fathers who wanted to "have their cake, and eat it too". 100-year-old text + my short comment about that HERE : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3489274333/

    PHOTO TO ILLUSTRATE THE ABOVE SEEN HERE : www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/3477857791/in/set-7215...

    However, even at the lower estimates --- even lower than the numbers hypothesized above (and given the large population to begin with) --- the absolute numbers of crippled children and women in China is astounding.

    The huge numbers involved made it one of the better-known "marks" of old Chinese culture --- right into the 20th Century. In fact, there are many elderly Chinese women living with the still-crippling effects of it right now in the 21st Century.

    For most of their common history, right up to the present day, quite a few Chinese have (as a political and cultural entity) considered themselves to be the Celestial Center of the World with all others around them considered to be Barbarians worthy of nothing more than a vassal state existence, owing homage to the great Chinese Kingdom.

    However, any such "national pride" on the part of those Chinese who at any time during the past 1000 years practiced foot binding and female infanticide amounts to nothing more than a pile of raw horse manure.

    Although some may jump out of their seats and run to the defense of these Chinese foot-binders because I just used the words HORSE MANURE to describe their personal politic of self-righteousness, and delusions of racial and cultural supremacy (al la the JAPANESE), please have no fear ! Chinese translators will be pleased that I likened their cultural practices to life-sustaining, growth-giving FERTILIZER !!!

    However, the fact that half of the Nation allowed and promulgated the inexcusable, barbaric, and destructive practice of FOOT BINDING throughout their Empire proves that the Chinese Nation was just as infected with EVIL, STUPIDITY, and IGNORANCE as the rest of the world !

    As already mentioned, half of WHITE AMERICA condoned (or turned a blind eye to) the complete slavery of BLACK AFRICANS and the SLAUGHTER OF NATIVE AMERICANS. As an American, I am painfully acquainted with National Stupidity when combined with Patriotic Arrogance and Pride of National Origin --- and therefore, quickly recognize it when it rears its ugly head in my neighbors yard.

    While living in OKINAWA, any time a resident Chinese makes any allusion to the historical greatness of their country, I toss two words back at them : FOOT BINDING.

    I could say FEMALE INFANTICIDE, but too many other countries were on that bandwagon (and still are), providing a very comfortable global context for China's practice of killing little girls simply because they don't have a little pecker between their legs.

    I could say CULTURAL REVOLUTION, but FOOT BINDING really brings any discussion of China's past "greatness" to a very fast halt. Besides, it was MAO who "finally" brought a true end to foot binding in 1949.

    Mao ? 1949 ? ….. No way. Foot Binding was outlawed in 1911, wasn’t it ???

    The Wiki and many other sources report that "in 1911, after the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the new Republic of China government banned foot binding. Women were told to unwrap their feet lest they be killed". That was a good start, but in spite of the death threats, it was still carried on until Mao refused to take any "cultural bullsh*t" excuses for violations.

    Prior to Mao, telling the Chinese in 1911 that foot binding would get you killed was like telling the Japanese today that parking in a no-parking zone will get you killed. In other words --- it was not taken seriously).

    Yes, Mao finally outlawed it. But why did those who practiced it for ten centuries need a law and a death threat from Mao to stop destroying the natural, physical lives of little girls? Millions of foot binders and bone crushers couldn't figure it out before that? You know, like after the very first time some mentally deranged psychopath did the first one, you didn't clamp down it ???

    Nope. The men were too busy being un-feeling bastards, with no balls to do anything about it.

    1000 years of maiming and crippling women and children for LIFE must be a WORLD RECORD for the longest running CHILD ABUSE case in the history of the planet.

    This is an indicator of severe impotence FOR ANY COUNTRY (NOT JUST CHINA) when it comes to a national policy of cultural control.

    CULTURE CONTROL

    WE CANNOT CAN'T CHANGE OUR "RACE", BUT WE CAN CHANGE OUR CULTURE.

    Culture Control ? You're damn right !

    Moving the discussion into today's world, are you going to let folks move into your own "civilized country" and bring their "honorable and ancient practice of female genital mutilation with them ? Hell NO ! Foot Binding ? Hell NO ! Throwing acid in the faces of wives and daughters who don't "please you" ? Hell NO ! "Honor Killing" ? Hell, NO !

    You either put these people in Jail if they try it, or ship them back where they came from if they refuse to renounce that aspect of their culture ! Why ? Because we must, AS NATIONS ATTEMPTING TO BE CIVILIZED, PASS, AND CONTINUE PASSING MORAL JUDGMENT on inhumane or suspect cultural features of another Nations.

    (For what it's worth, many Chinese immigrants and descendant families living in the USA continued the practice of foot binding on American soil....and the White Americans were always trying to catch them at it to either (1) bring the perpetrators to justice, or (2) have the children removed from the home and placed in protective custody. However, the White man was not very successful in his game of cat and mouse with the immigrant Chinese.)

    In the 21st Century world of GLOBALIZATION, you cannot "dumb down" the laws of Nations that are attempting to be CIVILIZED --- that is, Nations that aim to improve the health, welfare, and equality of its male and female citizens.

    Progressive nations cannot allow those who practice barbaric or stone-age cultural features of child maiming, torture, or subjugation of women to immigrate to your shores, or cross over your borders with indifference and impunity toward the human progress you are attempting to make.

    That's why we have borders, immigration control, and laws --- and why the WASP Americans on the West Coast always tried to catch and prosecute the CHINESE Americans who continued to ignore American laws by acting like they were still back in stone-age CHINA --- "stone age" as regards the treatment of women and children. (Albeit, those same WASPS were hypocritical PIN-HEADS for turning a blind eye to other racial injustices going on in the land, and for eventually tossing JAPANESE Americans into CONCENTRATION CAMPS during WW2 !).

    Therefore, good for Mao....at least in the Foot Binding thing, where he tried to drag his country out of the dark ages with respect to women. I beg to differ with the old chap on a good pile of other things, though.

    But, returning to the past...

    If a Chinese Leader could say WE ARE GOING TO BUILD A GREAT WALL, and millions of people did what he said, then the SAME man could have said (as Mao did), NO MORE FOOT BINDING AND CRIPPLING OF OUR WOMEN. But....no Emperor, or any leader of any Chinese ever said it, or took pains to enforce it if he did.

    And no Leader ever took another to task, or fought a civil war over it. Again, this simply shows that half of China was as much in the DARK AGES when it came to the treatment of Women as many other countries of the world.

    For those who feel that China's contributions to the world outweighed their treatment of women, listen up.....

    Yeah, yeah, yeah. I know. A great and long history. Paper, gunpowder, fireworks, movable type, porcelain, chop suey, tofu, the Great Wal-Mart....er, I mean the Great Wall, etc etc etc.

    So what ? Just because a couple of guys set off the world's first bottle rockets is no reason to lay claim to being a great civilization. Greatness is determined by how men in a society treat their women --- their mothers, wives, and daughters --- and how they treat the weak and infirm.

    CONFUCIUS

    So, what do we have in China as far as culture and politics are concerned ? Today we have a country that is still killing off women because some old geezer named CONFUSE US....ooops, I mean CONFUCIUS... and his devoted disciples came up with some heretical nonsense that said MEN are better than WOMEN in the entire broad scheme of life and social order.

    In other words, MORE HORSE MANURE ! (Again, that's Fertilizer to the old Chinese)

    OK. So Confucius lived 1,500 years before foot binding ever got started, and never had a direct hand in it. In fact, it was Confucius who came up with what we now call the "GOLDEN RULE" --- long before it appeared in the Christian New Testament. That's a GOOD THING, isn't it ? So why drag Confucius into this ?

    Here's why...

    Because Confucius was only including MEN in his own homosocial world of human order, and women didn't even count for equal consideration in the matter of applying the Golden Rule --- in fact, for the most part, he didn't even want women around !

    Confucious's personal and adamant espousal of the Golden Rule, if expressed as DON'T CRUSH THE FEET OF A FEMALE CHILD IF YOU DON'T WANT TO GET YOUR OWN FEET CRUSHED would NOT be an application of his philosophy he would have approved of.

    CONFUCIUS and the GOLDEN RULE

    In other words, the GOLDEN RULE proclaimed by Confucius did NOT apply to women in the same way that the words "ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL" proclaimed by Thomas Jefferson in the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE did NOT apply to African slaves bought and sold on the auction blocks of America.

    Today, Confucious' discriminatory, so-called "Golden Rule" continues to be worshipped at the altar of THE SUPERIORITY AND DESIRABILITY OF MEN, and the WORTHLESSNESS OF WOMEN --- except for their sexual use, and value as 2nd-class drudges in the home and the field.

    And the RESULT of this philosophy in the 21st Century ? : TENS OF MILLIONS OF MEN (One China-based report says 50 million men) STANDING AROUND WITH THEIR PECKERS IN THEIR HANDS because the continuing "Culture of Confucianism" has led to the modern-day killing off females faster than a goose eats grasshoppers. No wife for you, Grasshopper !

    Okinawa_Soba doesn't make these things up :

    www.nytimes.com/2009/04/11/world/asia/11china.html?_r=1

    FEMALE INFANTICIDE and ABORTION OF FEMALES in TODAY'S CHINA.

    In the PAST, half of China crushed the feet of the little girls. TODAY, they go beyond mere crushing of the feet, and COMPLETELY get rid of any little girls (potential or otherwise) who are "in the way" of their "cultural need" to have a little boy !

    May I facetiously suggest to my friends in China who believe that abortion is a sad, but "necessary evil (especially in light of your "one child policy") then why don't you equally abort 50% of your conceived males --- killing off as many men as you do women --- while you are aiming for your one and only child ?

    On the other hand, if a government mandated abortion is just too emotionally horrifying to consider, you can always just DUMP the little girls (but not down a well, please). We already know that GIRLSare being dumped : TIME MAGAZINE stated that even today, ".....girls still make up 95 percent of children in Chinese orphanages...."

    The next time the rest of you see "Made in China" on on something, take a moment to think about the culture that's producing your bargain-priced goods....then take a moment to kiss the feet of your own loved and wanted little girls.

    The Library of Nineteenth-Century Photography, and 39 other people added this photo to their favorites.

    View 20 more comments

    1. Ayilana 41 months ago | reply

      Man... Looking at it even now, my mind still can't fathom that it's even POSSIBLE to do that...

    2. lil miss maya 38 months ago | reply

      well... have you actually ever read the accounts of women who did it? or are you just judging from the position of a modern perspective? there are several well researched books, such as splendid slippers and every step a lotus that have more perspective about this tradition. such as it was purely a feminine tradition. men were not involved at any step, most of the time it was the men's mother's that picked out the bride, and it was based on the quality of her embroidery and the size of the shoe. see, it wasn't about crippling anyone, most women who had their feet bound were actually quite mobile, (in the later days even peasant girls had bound feet but still worked on the farm), but the ability to keep one's feet healthy and at a small size meant she was careful and attentive, qualities that would make one a good wife.
      and just as many women wear corsets or very high heels today, pain is beauty and being able to overcome the pain can be very satisfying. to rant and rage about footbinding is simple ignorance and a lack of willingness to see both sides of the argument. at the time, it was a good thing, and to them, this might not have been pain, but something to be proud of.
      however, if these photos disgust and upset you so much, as many many photos you post do, why do you have them up at all? do you just simply want to make yourself feel important by being able to vent nonsense in a place people can see you? its easy to say something is stupid and evil, it is hard to have empathy and perspective.

    3. Ayilana 38 months ago | reply

      So are you saying we should get a sledge hammer and smash your feet and bind them up? Have you no sense to see how messed up this is? And to say that it wasn't from some sort of male-idea seems pretty narrow-minded to me. What woman in her right mind would actually CONSENT to such a thing? And these women might have been MOBILE, but that doesn't mean they didn't have excruciating pain!

      And it is NOT COMMON for women to wear corsets today, and those that do DO NOT wear them in the SEVERE sense that women did in the past! (Except perhaps a few crazy ones that probably die of a non-old age because of SQUISHING their insides.) Women do wear heels, but does it not cause severe foot problems and back pain in and of itself, to the point that it is DEBILITATING? Where are YOUR facts? How do you know those books are just written by purely for the chance to once again make China's past better than it actually was (in some cases)? And were they written by men or women? I find any such a book quite dubious! And, as a SMART woman about my feet, I wear flats most often, and when my feet hurt, I wear shoes with good support. I do love heels, but you can't always wear them, and that's when I'm smart and TAKE THEM OFF. But oh... You can't TAKE OFF YOUR FOOT. And I doubt CHOPPING off their toes would help the problem either, but good luck with that one.

      So, do you intend to smash up your feet like this and bind them in tiny slippers to tell us that we're wrong? If you do, then I'll recant my statements.

    4. ralphrepo 38 months ago | reply

      Forgive me, Lil Miss Maya, but your commentary rings a bit hollow; your women empowering platform, framed by the statement of "...men were not involved at any step" is summarily dismissed by your own self defeating follow up of "...qualities that would make one a good wife." Note that you didn't say ...make one a good land owner, merchant, craftsman, or public official. In other words, she (ie the Chinese foot bound woman) did this to prove her worth to men, and not to socially advance herself as an independent individual. Granted, her degree of dedication to this practice was often vetted by another woman (the prospective mother in law, to which the judgment of "quality" was outsourced by a potential suitor), but make no mistake about it; the final arbiter of the need for this was always the man. Moreover, the age of initiation in foot binding (as early as toddler-hood) could hardly qualify it as a woman's cognizant, self directed or independently motivated act. In other words, I sincerely doubt that any of the women who had this done were as a result of personal choice in the matter (as your post begs to imply). Their subsequent dedication was likely more the result of the fait accompli than actual "love" for the practice. That is, it was an already done deal and they had to make the best of it. At any rate, the prime motivation for all this was to be able to enhance a female child's future marriage prospects and subsequent dowry; ie. the price one can get for the girl. Again, this completely sidesteps your notion of it being orchestrated solely as a feminine directed tradition devoid of man's influence.

      Also, I find your ad hominem treatment of OS to be unnecessary and even a tad offensive. While his opinions may not be your cup of tea, there is little need to attack him as a person. I don't know him personally, but from what I do know of him on the net, I find to be a netizen well traveled and read, and worldlier than most. His collection of photographs have been a source of personal inspiration and is an ongoing net resource for their unique type of history. Let's be clear, history itself can often be cruel and very upsetting. But the worse that it can be, is to be ignored. OS' photographs, and in particular these foot binding pictures and the lively discussions that they engender ensures that those women (whose silent perspective you speak so fondly of), are wholly remembered and not forgotten. I sincerely appreciate OS for his generosity in hosting his collection, and I especially applaud his courage for posting historically invaluable images that others may not agree with.

    5. Ayilana 38 months ago | reply

      You put that so eloquently. Thanks for mentioning things I failed to!

    6. Okinawa Soba 38 months ago | reply

      LILL MISS MAYA ---

      "........to rant and rage about footbinding is simple ignorance and a lack of willingness to see both sides of the argument......."

      Thank you for you comment. I will only reply to the above remark directed at my hyperbole-filled rant.

      The are no "two sides" of an argument that seeks to decide whether or not the permanent maiming and crippling of of small children by prolonged, bone-breaking physical torture (that led to infection and death in a measurable percentage of cases) is a good thing or a bad thing. There is only one side, and one conclusion before the argument even takes place : Crushing children's feet and permanently crippling them so that they lose their natural function while having to endure a lifetime of torture-induced pain is a bad thing. Period.

      The resulting "degree of mobility" that was sadly handed out in differing amounts by some "luck of the draw" to these unfortunate women can in no way be used as an excuse for the practice. You might as well argue that cutting people's tongues out is not so bad considering that many of them can still talk a little bit if they try hard enough, and make their wants known with hand signals.

      Although you imply that my disdain for the practice of foot binding (and other insidious, culturally excused practices) are due to ignorance and a lack of empathy on my part, it is, in fact, empathy for and with the children that causes me to retrospectively side against such practices with a "thumbs down" judgment.

      As for "ignorance", I admit to my fair share of it, but not in matters of child torture, or the physical destruction of healthy children in any age or circumstance.

      By your comment, I would imagine that you also find many wonderful and redeeming things about the practice of GENITAL MUTILATION.....or even AMERICAN SLAVERY --- or slavery anywhere in the world. Let's pick SLAVERY, OK ?

      I invite you to next go over to my BLACK AMERICA Set on Flickr, and post your comments in defense of the old practice, while not failing to point out how some Masters treated their slaves well after buying them off the auction block, and splitting up couples and their children for the wonderful economic benefit of the white plantation owners, and the glory of America's manifest destiny.

      I am glad that your empathy for cultures of submission and degradation --- no matter where they might be found, both then and now --- allows you to find a bright and shiny side to the pain and suffering inflicted on children and captives that, in your words, the unwitting victims can look at as "....something to be proud of."

      My horribly verbose rant, with all of its vulgar inadequacies, will remain just as it is.

    7. Ayilana 38 months ago | reply

      "Although you imply that my disdain for the practice of foot binding (and other insidious, culturally excused practices) are due to ignorance and a lack of empathy on my part, it is, in fact, empathy for and with the children that causes me to retrospectively side against such practices with a 'thumbs down' judgment."

      You would think that would be obvious to anyone who isn't perverse enough to actually inflict said torture. I like the way you put that.

    8. Okinawa Soba 38 months ago | reply

      Thanks, Ayilana.

    9. Okinawa Soba 38 months ago | reply

      Thanks, Ralphrepo, for your humbling defense of my far-from-perfect approach to captioning the photos.

    10. hollytree33 38 months ago | reply

      Hi Okinawa

      Thanks for a most informative post. I came across it when I was researching foot binding.

      Here's a thought:

      It seems to me that a lot of the things women do/have done, "for beauty" amount to making themselves maintain/take on the physical characteristics of children. e.g. removing body hair, having fairer hair, being small and thin (have you ever seen an anorexic with real sized adult breasts?), having small feet as a result of foot binding, etc, etc...

      So perhaps one argument could be that men/society is threatened in some way by adult female sexuality and that these practices, together with others, are designed to limit and suppress it so that men may maintain their feeling of superiority and security.

      You would think that a "real man" (whatever that is ;) ) would WANT an adult woman with all her natural adult features. Unless he was a paedophile...

      I accept however that I am generalising here and all of the real men I have ever met are attracted to my "womanly" features ;) Which is why I worry about the kind of men who thought the golden lotus foot was attractive and sexy.

      BTW I have HUGE feet (UK size 8) and I am proud of them LOL :D

      The other thing I thought was this:

      If the issue is about the vagina being tight (i.e. natural one is too big for their little "peckers" (lol) ) wouldn't it make more sense for all the Chinese little boys to have undergone some sort of penis-stretching/enlarging technique for years since they are the ones who, as adults, would need it to be bigger for their benefit?

      Penis-binding NOW THERE'S AN IDEA LOL..

    11. hollytree33 38 months ago | reply

      re:

      www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2005/03/23/200324...

      "For many women among Wang's 35 preceding generations, however, suffering probably continued in their adult lives. For those with the most severely compressed feet, the body weight when walking was borne by the heel; this jarred the spine and caused debilitating lower back problems in later life. Some communities bound the feet loosely so that women could help with farm work -- but where economic conditions permitted, WOMEN SPENT MOSTLY STATIC LIVES IN THEIR ROOMS, CARRIED FROM BOUDOIR TO TEA PAVILION, TO LILY POND AND BACK AGAIN. This very inactivity brought medical problems of its own, with the ATROPHY OF UNDER-USED MUSCLES."

      Sounds like they would have LESS muscle tone in thighs and other areas not MORE.

      If vaginal tightness was the issue they would've been better off doing Kegel exercises like the rest of us. lol

    12. Ayilana 38 months ago | reply

      Unless you're a naturally "small/slender/petite" woman. ;) (NOT anorexic, that is.) Otherwise, womanly figures are all good!

    13. Okinawa Soba 38 months ago | reply

      @Hollytree33,

      Great comments. I like your different takes on the various points.

      During most of my life in Japan, CHILD PORNOGRAPHY featuring female children was a legal and self-feeding business. In fact, until the late-1990s, their own versions of "Borders" and "Barnes & Noble"-like bookstores had racks of openly displayed child porn magazines right along with TIME, NEWSWEEK, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, and DISCOVER.

      The reasoning was thus : The display of adult female pubic hair was taboo (lewd, vulgar, sinful, and shocking). Female children have no pubic hair, therefore their "pure and unoffensive" private parts can be put on display.

      The federal age of consent in Japan was 13 at the time (still is, with local laws pushing it up to 18 in most places since the late 1990s), but, nobody really got "carded" for their age, and pictorial displays were never questioned.

      At one point, 70 to 80 percent of the world's internet child pornography was hosted on Japanese servers.

      Sex tours to southeast Asia were dominated by Japanese men looking for children and young virgins. While these places were also filled with Australian, North American, and European males, the young [trafficked] child prostituted described the Japanese male as the most hated amongst their "customers".

      Your comments to the effect that ---- "...It seems to me that a lot of the things women do/have done, "for beauty" amount to making themselves maintain/take on the physical characteristics of children. e.g. removing body hair, having fairer hair, being small and thin (have you ever seen an anorexic with real sized adult breasts?), having small feet as a result of foot binding, etc, etc....[makes for one argument] that men/society is threatened in some way by adult female sexuality and that these practices, together with others, are designed to limit and suppress it so that men may maintain their feeling of superiority and security...." ---- brought back a lot of memories of dealing with Japanese business men who, on their "off time" were on the prowl for anything but a "real women".

      For those reading this comment who think I am off base, and that these psycho-sexual aspects of Japan are hidden minorities whose penchants have no effect on the nation, please read my old post HERE :

      www.flickr.com/photos/24443965@N08/2351021278/

      Cheers !

    14. Ayilana 38 months ago | reply

      Wow, I knew that Japanese men were definitely into the "young, school-girl" fetish, I had no idea how much there really was to it! Scary.

    15. mikeczyzewski 30 months ago | reply

      jesus that is awful

    16. Okinawa Soba 30 months ago | reply

      I agree, and glad it's over. NOW all we have to do is continue working to get rid of the basket load of similar human horrors still practiced throughout the world today.

    17. Chinamerican 26 months ago | reply

      The "shock" that they speak of is probably septic shock/sepsis a.k.a. blood poisoning, which sounds very likely based on the description of the process:

      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sepsis
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septic_shock

    18. psypsicat 19 months ago | reply

      @ O. Soba; Thank you for the fully and passionately, expressed information. Being an ardent reader of history and having minor studies in women's issues, I knew all this but I am glad to see it expressed so well! You said NOTHING that was not true! Unfortunately, there are still many places where women and children ( female) are misused and undervalued. I am writing this in the USA in October 2012. The current political efforts to throw us into the dark ages, here and the horrors, on the other side of the world show this. ( Taliban AND fundamentalist 'Christians' !) Leslie Renee Crockett.

    19. roxweb 17 months ago | reply

      I appreciate everything you've said here, and the obvious amount of attention you've spent to study and research on this subject, however it seems to me that your indignation is a bit misdirected. You seem to be under the impression that it was the men who continued to "allow" this, when in fact, without the women, who performed and believed in the practice, it wouldn't have lasted nearly as long as it did. The fact is, torture and nasty terrible things have happened in the name of ignorance and stupidity all over the world! Seems quite unfair to judge the practices of a century ago to those of today.

      Aside from that, this practice was obviously so ridiculous that I cannot even begin to imagine a world in which this was common practice. Though not as obviously painful and torturous, let us also not forget that women still live in a world in which they are treated like sexual objects and glorified for their looks, which often constitute painful and otherwise unnecessary treatment.

    20. ralphrepo 17 months ago | reply

      At Onlinewoman, I think what you're missing is that within the last generation, young girls are being sold into sexual slavery, being married off to men four times their age, held as slaves and subject to nightly breeding (rape) by their masters, have their labia cut off; so what you're really asking is, in "allowing" this, what the hell is wrong with women in the first place, right?

      It's exactly this sort of blame the victim thinking that continues to victimize women even today.

      My grandmother was spared this cultural imperative only because my great grandfather allowed her to. Otherwise, she would have gotten her feet broken and no one could have stopped it. Okinawa Soba is perfectly correct in his assessment that this was a male directed phenomenon. Women only "went along" because they had no other real choice. Visit India or anywhere in the mid east (except Israel) and tell me that women today really have the right of self determination to the point that they can disagree with what a man wants them to do. You can't, because it doesn't exist. I'm sure you mean well, and I mean no offense or disrespect when I way this, but the misdirection in this matter, IMHO is all yours. You're just failing to see the obvious.

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