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Kali Puja in Kolkata........ Diwali Night | by pallab seth
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Kali Puja in Kolkata........ Diwali Night

Kali Puja (Bengali: কালীপূজা, also known as Shyama Puja; Bengali: শ্যামাপূজা) is a festival dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali, celebrated on the diwali night, the new moon day of the Hindu month Kartik (October-November). While the rest of India worships goddess Lakshmi on Diwali, the Bengalis (also the Oriyas and Assamese of Eastern India) adore goddess Kali on this day.


The festival of Kali Puja is not an ancient one in Bengal and was practically unknown before the 18th century. It was introduced in Bengal during the 18th century, by King (Raja) Krishnachandra of Navadvipa and gained popularity with the Bengali elite; wealthy landowners began patronizing the festival on a grand scale. Along with Durga Puja, now - Kali Puja is the biggest goddess festival in Bengal.



Kāli is first mentioned in Hinduism as a distinct goddess around 600 CE. Goddess Kāli, associated with empowerment, is represented as the consort of Lord Shiva, on whose body she is often seen standing. She is the fierce aspect of the goddess Durga. The first appearance of Kāli in her present form is in the great epic, Mahabharata (Sauptika Parvan 10.8.64). She is called Kālarātri (literally, "black night") and appears to the Pandava soldiers in dreams. More:


Images of Bengal, India

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Taken on November 13, 2012