Greenville Racheria Seal
LOCATION AND LAND STATUS:
The rancheria is located 160 miles north of Sacramento and 60 miles west of the Nevada border, in northeastern California.
Pursuant to the Hardwick decision, the Greenville Rancheria was restored to federal recognition in 1983. The original reservation land was in Greenville and called the Indian Mission. It was allotted land and many allotments were sold. The tribe was terminated in 1964 but was restored to federal recognition by the Hardwick decision in 1983. Three to four of the original allotments were also restored.
In November of 1994, the tribe acquired 51 acres which most likely will be granted trust status in 1995.
CULTURE AND HISTORY:
The Maidu language belongs to the Penutian language family, which includes languages spoken by peoples from the northwest coast of Canada through the southwestern and southeast United States, as well as south to the Yucatan Peninsula.
MAIDU - The traditional lands of the Maiduan peoples were in the north-central part of the state. The three closely related peoples usually called Maidu were the Maidu of Plumas and Lassen counties, the Konkow of Butte and Yuba counties, and the Nisenan of Yuba, Nevada, Placer, Sacramento, and El Dorado counties. Their languages are of the Penutian family, which includes a large group of central and northern California languages, in addition to languages spoken all the way from coastal Canada to New Mexico, the Gulf of Mexico, and on to the Yucatan Peninsula. Their traditional way of life ranged from the valley ecological type, dependent on mixed resources of fish and vegetables (mainly tule and acorns), to the foothills ecological type, the classic California way of life dependent mainly on acorns and some small game. Today approximately 2,500 Maiduan people live on the Auburn, Berry Creek, Chico, Enterprise, Greenville, Mooretown, and Susanville rancherias, as well as the Round Valley Reservation.
At the time of writing, a new constitution is being drafted; the tribe is not organized under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. The Tribal Council consists of five members: chairperson, vice-chair, secretary-treasurer, and two representatives. Officers serve four-year terms, while representatives serve two-year staggered terms.
To vote in a tribal election a voter must be a direct descendant of original landholders, be enrolled, and be 18 years of age or older. The tribe currently has 68 voting members.