India-0155 - Humayun’s Tomb
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View of Humayun’s Tomb as seen from the central fountain in the gardens.
Humayun’s Tomb - Built in the middle of the 16th century by the widow of the Moghul emperor Humayun, this tomb launched a new architectural era that reflected its Persian influence, culminating in the Taj Mahal and Fatehpur Sikri. The Moghuls brought to India their love of gardens and fountains and left a legacy of harmonious structures, such as this mausoleum, that fuse symmetry with decorative splendor.
Resting on an immense two-story platform, the tomb structure of red sandstone and white marble is surrounded by gardens intersected by water channels in the Moghuls' beloved charbagh design: perfectly square gardens divided into four (char) square parts. The marble dome covering the actual tomb is another first: a dome within a dome (the interior dome is set inside the soaring dome seen from outside), a style later used in the Taj Mahal.