Sidi Mohammad ben Abdallah, Sultan of Morocco
Portrait by: Maurice Bagenal St.Leger Keatinge, 1785 and reproduced in: Travels through France and Spain to Morocco comprising a Narrative of the authour's Residence in that Empire. With an account of The British Embassy to the Court of Morocco under the late George Payne, Esq. Consul-General, London, 1817.
Morocco was the first nation, in 1777,
to recognize the fledgling United States as anindependent nation. On December 20, 1777, Morocco's Sultan Sidi Mohammad III declared that the American merchant ships would be under the protection of the sultanate and could thus enjoy safe passage.
The Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship stands as the U.S.'s oldest non-broken friendship treaty. It was signed by: John Adams & Thomas Jefferson, and has been in continuous effect since, (July 16th?), 1786.
For further research see: The Avalon Project: The Barbary Treaties 1786-1816 – Treaty with Morocco