The Tokyo Summer Festival, organized by the Arion-Edo Foundation in collaboration with Asahi Shimbun (Morning Sun Newspaper, one of Japan’s national dailies), was established in 1985 by pianist Kyoko Edo, composer Maki Ishii, and musicologist Tashi Funayama as Tokyo’s first international music festival. It distinguished itself, too, as the first festival directed entirely by musicians. Each year featured a theme, for example, “Patterns of Laughter: Masques, Music, and Buffoonery” (1995) and “Music and Literature” (2002). Makandal performed Vodou theatre in the Festival’s 2007 edition, “Towards the Islands, Sounds across the Sea.” The Festival’s Wikipedia entry records no festivals after 2008, and its website is no longer published. In a letter dated 8 August 2007 the Festival granted Makandal permission to use the photos on condition that it credit the photographers and the Festival.
The Tokyo Collection of the Archive includes fifty-nine photos: thirty out of 413 taken by Shinji Takehara at the Sogetsu Hall performance, 14 July 2007; thirteen out of 242 taken by Koïchiro Sato at the Asahi Beer Headquarters performance, 18 July 2007; and fourteen photos taken of Mr. Augustin during an interview for the Festival, 14 July 2007.