Eadweard Muybridge, "Untitled (Lighthouse)", 1868, Mammoth plate, Albumen print, 16 1/2 x 21 1/4", The Oakland Museum.
Edward Muybridge was born on April 9, 1830 in England. Having ben undecided on what to call himself he decided on Eadweard Muybridge at which time he emigrated to the United States. Originally working in the book trade, after sustaining a serious head injury he explored the art of photography while recouperating in England. He gained accolades photographing views of Yosemite Valley. He was then recognized by the government and asked to accompany an expedition to document the newly acquired Alaskan territory. After which he went to work for the United States Lighthouse Board. Leland Stafford, former governor of California, helped to begin the work that Muybridge became most well-known for; the motion studies examining various animals, humans, and activities. Despite a setback due to the shooting death of his wife's lover, Muybridge continued to photograph and exhibit his work until 1904.
Not much is known about the specifics of the lighthouse photographs Muybridge made for the United States Lighthouse Board.