Image from page 520 of "The industries of Japan : together with an account of its agriculture, forestry, arts, and commerce. From travels and researches undertaken at the cost of the Prussian government" (1889)
Authors: Rein, J. J. (Johannes Justus), 1835-1918 Rein, J. J. (Johannes Justus), 1835-1918. Japan nach Reisen und Studien. V. 2. Land- und Forstwirthschaft, Industrie und Handel. English Hodder and Stoughton, publisher
Publisher: London : Hodder and Stoughton
Contributing Library: Getty Research Institute
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ut in water withpaddles, and then left to rest for a short time that the coarser andheavier particles may settle to the bottom. The separation of thefine floating paste is effected by opening one or the other of thetap-holes, of which there are usually four placed irregularly oneabove the other. Finally, the whole pulpy mass is passed througha fine cloth sieve, which separates all the coarse grains and otherimpurities. Funnel-shaped boxes are used in place of our filter presses.The walls are made of staves. On the bottom is a layer of gravel1 Ein Ausfiug ins Armenische, Kolti. Zeitung, 21/2, 1886. CERAMICS. 465 or perfectly fine washed material with a straw mat laid over it.When the pasty substance is poured in, the water filters partlythrough, while the clay paste is deposited gradually. The waterwhich collects upon it is drained off through a side opening, andthe material is dried in a red-hot furnace and finally worked upand kneaded with the feet and hands. When this is done, it is
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Fig. 19.—TEAPOT OF GREY-BROWN STONE-WARE : FROM KUWANA, IN ISE. left to ferment in a pit or damp chest, not for a year, as wasformerly the case in China, it is said, but for a few weeks ormonths, before using in the factory. By far the largest part of the clay-wares of Japan are shaped onthe Rokuro or potters wheel. The apparatus employed for this II. H H 466 ART INDUSTRY AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS. purpose is mostly of the simplest form, the shaping board servingat the same time as the swinging-wheel. It has a hole near theedge in which a rod, 20 centimeters long, is placed, by which it isset in motion. In a more developed state, as at Arita, for instance,the larger wheel is bound firmly to the shaping board, some 20 to30 centimeters apart, by four rods, and is turned with the feet.Plaster of Paris moulds and castings of the material are as un-common as the employment of patterns and models. These areindeed striking wants, but the Japanese substitutes for them hisgreat skill in the ha
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