Image from page 37 of "Negro slavery in the northern colonies" (1902)
Authors: Boggess, Arthur Clinton
Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
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slaves are set down to Massachusetts.This return, made: by the marshal!, of the district, may be consideredas the formal evidence of the abolition of slavery in Massachusetts,especially as no person as appeared to contest the legality of thereturns. M. H. S. Coll. I, IV, 199, 204. It is scarcely proba-ble that none of these negroes and raulattoes were held as slaves,although many had been manumitted, and traffic in slaves had beenforbidden in Massachusetts in 1788.^ Vermont is credited with 17 slaves. This was the result ofa clerical error, and was officially corrected in 1870.^ The census of 1790 gave the number of free blacks as 59527.These were about equally divided between free states and slave states.The colored element at this census constituted ifg larger proportionof the population than ever after, viz., 19.3 percent. 1. Hist, of Slavery in Mass., 247. 2. Ibid, 125. 3. Ibid, 226. 4. New Eng. Hist, and Geneal. Regiater XIIX, 248. || 5. Amer. Statistical Assn Pub., 1890-91, 93.
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For the sake of comparison a few statistics of the number ofslaves elsewhere than in the northern colonies are given. The Lordsof Trade in 1721 reported: in South Carolina, 9000 whites and 12000 blacks;in North Carolina, 1600 inhabitants of which about one third a. 3.were blacks; in Maryland, 34796 whites, 7935 negroes; in Pennsyl-vania, 60000 whites and 5000 blacks, although others are said to haveestimated not more than half this number. In 1764, Colonel Bradstreet wrote:lam assured by persons late-ly from Illinois, that exclusively of the French Garrisons there,the Inhabitants are 600 fighting Men, have one thousand Negroes well-accustomed to the use of small arms, averse to our taking possession sr. of the country. The number of negro slaves bartered for in one yeai? ( 1768) on the coast of Africa, from Cape Blanco to Rio Congo, by the different European nations, amounts as follows: Great Britain, 53,100; British Americans, 6,300; France, 23,520; Holland, 11,300; Portugal, 1,700;
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