Image from page 106 of "Biggle garden book; vegetables, small fruits and flowers for pleasure and profit" (1908)
Authors: Biggle, Jacob
Publisher: Philadelphia, W. Atkinson Co.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress
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bleor market. I like the rows about fifteen inches apartfor wheel-hoe cultivation; about two and a half feetapart for horse work. Sow in drills and coverabout half an inch deep. Thin the plants gradually,using the thinnings lor table use as far as possible,until the plants stand about ten inches apart (moreor less, according to the variety grown and the sizeof head wanted). The best soil for early lettuce isa light, loose loam, made very rich. Applications ofnitrate of soda or liquid manure are helpful to thegrowing crop (see Chapter IV). One-quarter ounceof seed will sow about lOO feet of drill. The foregoing is the easy small-garden methodof growing lettuce without transplanting. North-ern market gardeners, however, usually prefer toraise early plants in hotbeds, transplant to cold-frames, and then transplant to the field. Or some-times they sow the seed outdoors in September, trans-plant in October to coldframes for wintering (spac-ing the plants about five inches apart), and then,
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104 BIGGLE GARDEN BOOK in the early spring, transplant the wintered lettucefrom coldframes to field; or sometimes outdoorAugust-sown plants are moved to frames and forcedalong for Thanksgiving or early winter market. Or,for the later crops of head lettuce, they may sow theseed in drills outdoors in early spring, and then, in-stead of thinning the lettuce, transplant it to a nicely-prepared field where it can be set the required dis-tance apart. Market gardeners have a custom, also,of transplanting a head of lettuce between each twoearly cabbages in a field row—the lettuce is soonoff and then the cabbages can have all the space. Hotbed lettuce, in the North, is usually startedin February and transplanted in about four weeks(see Chapter III for cultural directions). In theSouth it may be started several weeks or monthsearlier, according to latitude. One ounce of seedshould furnish about i,ooo plants; they are movedto the open ground in March or early April. Thefaster the growth, the m
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