Image from page 362 of "American homes and gardens" (1905)
Title: American homes and gardens
Publisher: New York : Munn and Co
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library
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s or logs. The mostcommon way is to drivetwo crotched sticks into theground. They must be ofgreen wood, otherwise theyare easily burned. Smallforked sticks are hung on thelong horizontal pole and tothese the pots and kettles arehung. For frying, this kindof a fire can be used, but itis well to roll green logs infront of it on which to rest Roasting a fowl for the frying pan, to keep it from burning. Many people pre-fer a fireplace. This can be made of stone, flat rocks beinglaid at the bottom, and around them a semi-circle of fieldstones. These should be placed close enough together sothat the fire will reach all around the kettles, and a flat stoneat the front is always a convenient accessory. Make the space of the fireplace large enough for two ormore pots, and be sure to have it low at the front, for fryingpurposes. In making the fireplace see that the back is a littlenarrower than the frying pan, and a little wider at thefront, and as non-sparking burn old applewood if procurable.
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the mid-day feast It must be rememberedthat a small fire is better thana large one, for the latterburns the face and is moreliable to spoil the cooking.Hardwood is better thanpine, for it is coals that areneeded, and the longer theyremain hot, the better thecooking. Hemlock and cedarare not advisable because thesparks fly upwards, soilingthe food, and are apt to setfires outside. A bake-hole is always use-ful, even in a temporarycamp. It can be dug any-where where the ground issoft enough. The side of a bank, however, or possibly a knoll, is better, for the reasonthat an opening can be left at the front, and so that waterwill drain off in rainy weather. If there are any stones inthe vicinity, it is well to line the hole with them, making ita little larger than the size of the kettle. The first thing to be done before baking is to build ahardwood fire, not only in the hole, but above it as well.Keep this burning briskly until the stones and the eartharound are piping hot. After this it
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