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Image from page 483 of "American homes and gardens" (1905) | by Internet Archive Book Images
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Image from page 483 of "American homes and gardens" (1905)

Identifier: americanhomesgar41907newy

Title: American homes and gardens

Year: 1905 (1900s)


Subjects: Architecture, Domestic Landscape gardening

Publisher: New York : Munn and Co

Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries

Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library



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Text Appearing Before Image:

ubmerging themselves. On the wing, pelicans arecapable of sailing for long stretches, with wings held rigid,and they often skim the water thus, following the undulatingcontour of the waves. Pelicans secure their prey both byplunging from a height, while flying, and by snatching it upwhile swimming. The upper mandible is strong, but light,the hooked tip serving as a guard against the escape of fish,while the lower mandible is simply a light frame which sup-ports the pouch. As the bill is opened in grasping the preythe sides of this frame are bowed outwardly by the actionof a set of muscles for that purpose, the tip being contracted,and the mandible and pouch becoming a very serviceable dipnet. The water is readily expelled from the apertures at thesides, while the upper mandible, resting across the middleof the lower, prevents the escape of the fish. Most very young birds are fed with predigested food re-gurgitated by the parent from its crop, the parents bill, dur- H i ._-1 ^^animiMNi


Text Appearing After Image:

Characteristic Attitudes Assumed by Pelicans August, 1907 AMERICAN HOMES AND GARDENS 305 ing the process, being thrust well into the throat of itsoffspring. When we consider that the bill of the pelican isat least equal in size to the entire newly hatched young, theimpracticability of this method of feeding the young in theircase is at once apparent. The procedure is therefore re-versed; the young pelican dives head foremost into thecavernous depths of its parents pouch, and even exploresthe recesses of the parental throat. Fish either predigestedor freshly caught reward this exploration, according to theage of the young pelican. Submergence in these depthsof the oral larder is apparently a fatiguing process, and itis some time after a meal before the young pelican seems tofeel himself again. Young pelicans, after they arrive at suchsize as to be able to get about, do not restrict their clamor-ings for food to their own parents, but even levy on anypelican that happens to waddle along



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