Image from page 117 of "Methods and aids in geography : for the use of teachers and normal schools" (1889)
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Milton Bradley& Co. Norriss Cyclopedic Map helps to give variety torecitations. Home-made charts perhaps are capable of as varied useas any kind of apparatus. The best charts are printedupon white cloth, but these cost too much. Manilla paper. 84 METHODS AND AIDS IN GEOGRAPHY however, makes a good substitute for cloth, and whenbought by the pound (ten to twelve cents per pound) ismuch cheaper. It is usually sold at this price by the rollof about one hundred pounds. Several teachers can clubtogether, and buy a roll. The best instrument with whichto write upon this paper is the rubber pen recently manu-factured for marking and directing goods. This pen isusually sold at rubber stores and stationers; price, fifteencents. To make it work well without dipping too often,the side creases should be enlarged by cutting out with apenknife, so they will hold more ink. Dip and write aswith an ordinary pen : there is no danger of blotting. Avast amount of writing can be done with a single pen.
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Fig. 5. — Rubber Pen, Natural Size. These charts are readily mounted by carrying the top ofthe paper over a half-inch stick, and fastening with large-headed tacks; then carry bottom of paper twice roundone-inch pine-roller, and fasten with common tacks drivenabout two inches apart. One or two eyelets in the topstick will hold the chart. If a similar eyelet is fastenedinto the picture-moulding in front of the class, and a linenstring or cord run through it, the teacher will have a con-venient method of raising and lowering pictures, charts,or maps, whenever needed for instruction. These chartsshould not be more than ten or twelve feet long. Thewider kinds of paper are the more convenient. Most ofthese charts should be on paper four and a half feet wide. CHARTS 85 A convenient form and size for a chart is one made andmounted like a music chart, in which the leaves are threefeet square. Below, suggestions are made of good subjects for chartwork : — Population of China compared with o
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