Image from page 220 of "Agriculture for beginners" (1904)
Title: Agriculture for beginners
Publisher: Boston, Ginn & Company
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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y his plan, and let the hog showyou how fast it can make money. DOMESTIC ANIMALS 203 We have several breeds of swine. The important ones are: II. Large Breeds 1. Chester White. 2. Improved Yorkshire. 3. Tamworth. Medium Breeds 1. Berkshire. 2. Poland-China. 3. Duroc-Jersey. 4. Cheshire. III. Small Breeds 1. Victoria. 2. Suffolk. 3. Essex.4 Small Yorkshire. Hogs will be most successfully raised when kept as littleas possible in pens. They like the fields and the pasturegrass, the open air and the sunshine. Almost any kind offood can be given them. Unlike other stock, they willdevour greedily and tirelessly the richest feeding stuffs. The most desirable hog to raise is one that will producea more or less even mixture of fat and lean. Where onlycorn is fed, the body becomes very fat and is not so desir-able for food as when middlings, tankage, cowpeas, or sojabeans are added as a part of the ration. When hogs are kept in pens, cleanliness is mostimportant to reduce the danger of disease.
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Fig. 184 204 AGRICULTURE FOR BEGINNERS SECTION XLIV—FARM POULTRY Our geese, ducks, turkeys, and domestic hens are alldescendants of wild fowls, and are more or less similar tothem in appearance. The earliest recorded uses of fowls were for food, forfighting, and for sacrifice. Briefly, the domestic fowl has four well-defined uses, — egg^ production, meat production, V feather production, and pest ^•iuL destruction, ^^ You already know that nearly every farmer raisesa few fowls for the produc-tion of his own eggs andmeat, and to help with thegrocery bill; but you maybe surprised to learn that thefarmers of the United Statesgot in 1899 $144,286,158from the sale of eggs alone.A little proper attentionwould very largely increasethe already handsome sum derived from our fowls. Theyneed dry, warm, well-lighted, and tidily-kept houses. Theymust have, if we want the best returns, an abundant supplyof pure water and a variety of nutritious foods. In cold,rainy, or snowy weather they shou
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