Palacio del Marqués de Viana
This 'palace' has twelve patios or courtyards that each have a different design with different plants being prominent in all of them. This follows a Roman and then Arab tradition of having patios as part of a house. This is the main central courtyard. More details below are from Wikipedia.
Viana's palace, formerly known as Don Gome's Palace of the Bars, in reference to one of its first owners, is a sample of manor houses of the Cordoba nobility. Although there is documentary evidence of the existence of some buildings of the fourteenth century, the history of the palace begins with Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, lord of Fuencubierta , mayor of Antequera and twenty - four of Cordoba during the fifteenth century. From the first owner, the palace is expanding and undergoing major transformations until the mid-twentieth century.
Building of the fourteenth century, its main facade is thought to have been traced by Juan de Ochoa, in the Mannerist style , during the sixteenth century. It has had numerous restorations and extensions throughout the years, there have been archaeological finds, believing that it was originally a Roman building.
It was owned in the nineteenth century by the Marquises of Villaseca, later passing, in 1901, to the Marquises of Viana and being substantially improved in its artistic collections by the second Marquis José de Saavedra and Salamanca , an important character of the court of Alfonso XIII , monarch He visited the palace several times due to his friendship with the Marquis. The widow of the third marquis, Sofía Lancaster, sold it in July 1980 to the Provincial Savings Bank of Córdoba, later known as CajaSur , who still owns her property and who, through her cultural Foundation, has adapted it for a museum with a series of collections distributed by its rooms, opening to the public on October 31, 1981.
One of its great attractions is its beautiful twelve Cordovan courtyards , linked by galleries, with great diversity of plants, especially in spring and summer when the plants bloom and give great color to the enclosure. Water is also one of the main elements, since it merges with the vegetation creating a patio in harmony with nature.