Map of Part of the Valley of Red River North of the 49th Parallel (1858)

Arrowsmith, John. Map of part of the Valley of Red River North of the 49th Parallel to accompany a report on the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition by H.Y. Hind [facsimile]. 1:253,440. In: Henry Youle Hind. Papers Relative to the Exploration of the Country Between Lake Superior and the Red Rivers Settlement. London: George Edward Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1859.


Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, June 1859.


George Edward Eyre and William Spottiswoode, Printers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. For Her Majesty's Stationary Office.


In 1857, H.Y. Hind and his assistants made some fairly detailed reconnaissance surveys of the Red River Plain, and obtained further information on the area from local land surveyors and other informants. The map which resulted may be regarded as the first topographic map of the area extending from the 49th parallel to the mouth of the Winnipeg river. All the parish boundaries in the Red River settlement are shown, and so are settled areas, the southern limit of the settlement, and churches and windmills. Note the local name Frog Plain, the ancient lake ridges and observations such as “Rafts of Timber Seen on Bank of this River”. There are also eleven insert maps and diagrams (including the first geologic section of any part of Manitoba), which show an amazing amount of detail. There is a section through the Shield showing the characteristics hills, and another across a beach ridge. Natural vegetation is shown, but perhaps not to accurately in those places where it conflicted with the need to indicate settlement on the map. The map gives one an excellent feeling of the nature of the Red River Settlement at this time. It contains a tremendous amount of information, and as a result is sometimes undisciplined. Much of the data is conveyed in short descriptions, occasionally leaving the viewer with the impression that [they are] looking at a field manuscript, as the remark about the rafts and another on the animals seen grazing indicate. Hind’s comments also demonstrate that he was very much aware of the problem of flooding in the area, and the possibilities of remedial damage. The map is an outstanding contribution to our geographical knowledge of the Red River Plain.

(Warkentin and Ruggles. Historical Atlas of Manitoba. map 86, p. 212)


This map is a facsimile of John Arrowsmith's rendering of Hind's original and was scanned from the Irish University Press Series of British Parliamentary Papers, Papers Correspondence and other Papers Relating to The Hudson's Bay Company the Exploration of the Territories [Captain Palliser's Expedition] and other Affairs in Canada 1859 Colonies Canada 22. 1969.


The original Hind map can be found here:

South Sheet

North Sheet


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Taken on December 5, 2007