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Group Description

After numerous small ventures in the early 1800's, the Cleveland Ironstone boom gathered pace with discovery of main seam ironstone at Eston by Vaughan and Marley in 1850.

Expansion was rapid until the mid 1870s when economic depression and strikes hit the industry.

The industry peaked in the 1880 but then smaller mines and those with lower quality stone began to disappear, although the better mines continued well into the 20th century with mechanisation and electrification of the mines.

North Skelton was the last mine to close in 1964.

Numerous surface remains are still visible from Eston in the North on the edge of industrial Teesside through to the picturesque Esk Valley and Rosedale in North Yorkshire.

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