NYC - Times Square: Times Square Tower and Ernst & Young National Headquarters
On the left, The Times Square Tower (7 Times Square), by David David Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, was the last of the four 42nd Street redevelopment towers to be completed in June 2004. At 47-stories (221.5m) it also ended up being the tallest. Arthur Andersen was originally supposed to be the anchor tenant, but backed out after the Enron Scandal.
Like the neighboring 5 Times Square, the all-plot building was a tight fit, surrounded on three sides by subway lines, inlcuding station platofmrs and an entrance for the system's busiest station further complicating excavation and construction. As a concession, the foundations were made with minicaissons into the bedroom, and larger ones underneath the corners. Century-old foundation footings underneath the subway station were incorporated where possible.
The Tower benefits from special zoning, resulting in uniform floor sizes and panoramic views from every floor. The diagonally braced perimeter frame supports lateral loads and allows wider spacing on the facade columns. Solid bands in the facade contain thin diagonal lines, and a series of slightly accentuated "zig zgs" from the base of the tower to its roof enhance the building's verticality. A four-story advertising sign is attached to its midsection.
On the right, this 38-story office tower, at 5 Times Square, combines office space for Ernst and Young National Headquarters with a retail base that engages the pedestrian traffic of the Times Square theatre district.
Designed by the highly acclaimed architect Bill Pedersen of Kohn Pedersen Fox with a dynamic asymmetrical form addressing the zoning demands of the 42nd Street Redevelopment Authority. Angular planes that compose the primary form of building correspond to the break in New Yorks street gird caused by the intersection of Broadway. This irregularity allows for an innovative design that responds directly to pedestrian traffic patterns and maximizes light and floor plates. A tinted reflective glass maintains uniformity on window and spandrel surfaces. Exterior signage at retail level maintain a dialogue with the graphic language that is characteristic of the Times Square District.