The bronze doors at the east portico entrance of the Capitol's House wing were designed by the American sculptor Thomas Crawford in Rome in 1855–1857. Upon Crawford's death William H. Rinehart executed the models from the sculptor's sketches in 1863–1867. The models were shipped from Leghorn, Italy, in 1867 but remained stored in the Crypt of the Capitol until 1903, when they were cast by Melzar H. Mosman of Chicopee, Massachusetts. The doors were installed in 1905. They are 14 feet 7 inches high and 7 feet 4 inches wide.
Each valve consists of three panels and a medallion depicting significant events in American history. The descriptions below start at the top of each valve and proceed downward.
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