Today is not only Mother's Day here in the USA, but it is also "National Tulip Day ~
My darling hubby surprised me with a deep red rose and two carnations this morning :)
Once known as the tulipa, tulippa, tulipant or Turkes Cap, the tulip was introduced from Turkey into Western Europe in the 16th century. Interestingly enough, the tulip was thought to resemble a Turk’s cap.
Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs. Depending
on the species, tulip plants can grow as short as 4 inches (10 cm) or
as high as 28 inches (71 cm). The tulip's large flowers usually bloom
on scapes or subscapose[further explanation needed] stems that lack
bracts. Most tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few
species bear multiple flowers on their scapes (e.g. Tulipa
turkestanica). The showy, generally cup- or star-shaped tulip flower
has three petals and three sepals, which are often termed tepals
because they are nearly identical. These six tepals are often marked
near the bases with darker colorings. Tulip flowers come in a wide
variety of colors, except pure blue (several tulips with
"blue" in the name have a faint violet hue).
The flowers have six distinct, basifixed stamens with filaments
shorter than the tepals. Each stigma of the flower has three distinct
lobes, and the ovaries are superior, with three chambers. The tulip's
fruit is a capsule with a leathery covering and an ellipsoid to
subglobose shape. Each capsule contains numerous flat, disc-shaped
seeds in two rows per chamber. These light to dark brown seeds have
very thin seed coats and endosperm that does not normally fill the
Tulip stems have few leaves, with larger species tending to have multiple leaves. Plants typically have 2 to 6 leaves, with some species having up to 12. The tulip's leaf is strap-shaped, with a waxy coating, and leaves are alternately arranged on the stem. These fleshy blades are often bluish green in color.