Hohenzollern Castle (German: Burg Hohenzollern) is about 50 km south
of Stuttgart, Germany, considered home to the Hohenzollern family that
came to power during the Middle Ages and ruled Prussia and Brandenburg
until the end of World War I.
The castle is located on top of Mount Hohenzollern at an elevation of 855 meters, above Hechingen and close to Bissingen in the Swabian Alb.
It was originally constructed in the first part of the 11th century, but was completely destroyed after a 10-month siege in 1423 by the imperial cities of Swabia. A second, larger and sturdier castle was constructed from 1454 to 1461 but gradually fell into disrepair, leading to the demolition of all but the chapel.
The third version of the castle, which stands today, was constructed by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV between 1846 and 1867, under the direction of Oberhofbaurat Stühler, who based his design on English Neo-Gothic style as well as the castles in Loire. Because the castle was built to be merely a family memorial, no member of the Hohenzollern family took residence in this third castle until 1945, when it became home to the last Prussian Crown Prince Wilhelm. Prince Wilhelm and his wife Crown Princess Cecilie are buried there.
Picture by A. Kniesel
Picture of the day for 18 June 2007