The name given to Moria by the Dwarves is Khazad-dûm, which means Delving of the Dwarves.
Actually this photo was taken about 50 feet underground in "subterranean nuremberg".
Thanks to the stability of the triassic sandstone, extensive complexes of cellars - in some places up to four storeys deep - could be excavated into the bedrock.
To this day, an ingenious and amazingly simple system of ventilation shafts ensures the automatic circulation of fresh air.
Originally, these rock-cut cellars were used primarily for the making and storing of beer. In fact, the first reference to their existence has to do with the storage of beer. In an ordinance of the Nuremberg town council dated November 11, 1380, it is decreed that anyone intending to brew and sell beer must have a cellar of his own, "ten feet long and sixteen feet wide."
With the introduction of mechanical refrigeration, the rock-cut cellars lost their significance as beer-storage facilities. During the devastating air raids of World War II, many citizens of Nuremberg sought and found shelter in the historic beer cellars.
Today, a tract of cellars directly beneath the Altstadthof Brewery is once again being used for the storage of several tasty beer specialities.
Usually taking photographs down there is prohibited but I got a exceptional permission under the restrictions of not using any flash and/or tripod.
Caused by those restrictions it was really hard to take a sharp and interesting image.
A high ISO of 6.400 and a steady hand helped me out.
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Explored - August 19th 2012
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