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PRI Study: California public-sector compensation soaring

 

Analysis

 

Dec. 7, 2012

 

By John Seiler

 

A new study by the Pacific Research Institute shows that compensation for the public sector in California is soaring far above that of the private sector. PRI is CalWatchDog.com’s parent think tank.

 

For California state and local governments, “a key driver of the budget crises is overly generous government compensation packages,” the study found. “Consequently, California’s budget crises will never be sustainably resolved without addressing the problem of overly generous state and local government compensation.”

 

“Policy Reforms to Control Rising Government Compensation Costs” is written by Wayne Winegarden, Ph.D., a PRI senior fellow and a lecturer in economics at Marymount University.

 

Winegarden’s key findings:

 

1. “California’s government compensation costs are already excessive.” He cited a 2011 study by Jason Richwine and Andrew Biggs, which found:

 

“In the case of California public employees, wages are slightly lower in the public sector. Initially, benefits appear only slightly higher, implying rough parity in compensation between the public and private sectors. However, properly accounting for retiree health benefits and defined benefit pension plans generates a public compensation premium of around 15 percent. The additional job security granted to public-sector employees is equivalent to an approximately 15 percent increase in public compensation, meaning that the total public-sector pay premium in California may be as high as 30 percent.”

 

I would add that Richwine and Biggs just came out with an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal which found that government workers (teachers were not included) put in about a month less time on the job every year than do private-sector workers. They wrote:

 

“Based on the most detailed and objective data set available, the private sector really does work more than the public sector. This fact may hold different lessons for different people, but our own take is simple: Before we ask private-sector employees to work more to support government, government itself should work as much as the private sector.”

 

In sum, government workers get paid 30 percent more than private sector-workers, but work 8 percent (one month) less. Nice part-time work for full-time pay if you can get it.

 

However, I’m also mindful of the old libertarian maxim, “We’re lucky we don’t get all the government we pay for.” I would be happy if every regulator in the state, even while getting paid their hefty salaries and benefits, stayed home and played video games.

 

Widening pay gap

Back to the PRI study by Winegarden. He also found, ”California’s government compensation premium over California’s private sector is widening.” That means:

 

“The benefit premium of state and local government workers is not a new phenomenon …. over the past 40-plus years California’s government compensation premium relative to California’s private sector compensation levels has been growing and is currently near historic highs.”

 

Even as the private sector that pays for everything through record-high taxes shrinks, the government sector that lives off it keeps growing.

 

Compensation higher than other states

Winegarden also found, “California’s government compensation premium relative to other states cannot be justified based on California’s relatively higher incomes and cost of living.”

 

Certainly, California’s cost of living is higher than in other states — in part because of the high cost of taxation and the regulations imposed by all those highly compensated functionaries.

 

But Winegarden wrote:

 

“State and local government workers in California receive a compensation premium over state and local government workers in Texas and the U.S. that is consistently greater than the compensation premium received by California’s private sector workers compared to private sector workers in Texas and the U.S.”

 

That makes sense. If you’re in the private sector, you’re competing against not only other Americans, but all 7 billion people on the globe. If costs go up, then worker pay has to go down — or the company moves to another state or country, or goes broke.

 

By contrast, when government costs go up, taxes are raised — as we just saw with the passage of Proposition 30 and Proposition 39, as well as scores of local taxes and bonds.

 

There is some check on government because departing businesses and workers then don’t pay taxes in the place from which they were exiled. But that check usually takes a few years to dig in. And governments also commonly meet funding crises by cutting services, such as parks and roads, rather than reducing generous employee pay, perks, pleasures and pensions.

 

Excessive and growing

Winegarden concluded, “[T]he evidence regarding California’s state and local government compensation costs are clear: when all benefits are included, these costs are excessive and growing.”

 

The reasons:

 

“California implements policies that encourage excessive compensation. These policies include mandating collective bargaining, empowering public sector unions, and, in some areas, mandating binding arbitrations. These policies have led to practices such as excessive pension spiking, low retirement ages, covering health care services during retirement, generous pension levels, and permitting the practice of receiving both a government pension and a government salary. When coupled with the declining asset values of California’s pension system, these trends have created a crisis waiting to happen.”

 

So, that’s how it is as we rush toward 2013. The private sector shrivels under the immense burden of government, even as the government functionaries work less and are paid more — and as taxes are jacked up to record levels to pay for everything.

 

Until the system falls down and all Jerry Brown’s horses and all the unions’ men couldn’t put it together again.

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by Tony Lee 13 Dec 2012, 10:14 AM PDT 3post a comment

 

Even as residents flee the state -- and take their tax dollars with them -- California has continued to engage in deficit spending. This has resulted in the state's budget deficit for the first five months of the fiscal year increasing to $2.7 billion, bringing the state's total debt to nearly $25 billion.

Breitbart News reported that after Californians voted for massive tax increases by approving of Proposition 30 in November, the state's tax revenues declined in November by $806.8 million, or 10.8%.

 

State bureaucrats are projected to spend more money than the additional revenues the state is expected to gain from Proposition 30's passage.

 

For instance, The Department of Developmental Services and the Department of Health Services in California has already increased its spending "in comparison to its spending last year."

 

How to Celebrate Women’s History @ Your Library

Telling the story of women’s work is never done.

 

By Kay Ann Cassell and Kathleen Weibel

Focusing on women as a library market segment offers so many more creative opportunities for reaching out to your community

“Writing Women Back into History” is the theme for National Women’s History Month, March 2010, the annual celebration of women in the United States. For years women’s contributions were routinely underestimated or ignored even in the history of our own profession. While this still remains the case for much of history, the second wave of feminism reinvigorated interest in, and work on, “women’s history” at the academic and community levels. Now children learn about Sojourner Truth as well as Betsy Ross and we understand that Abigail Adams contributed to the founding of this country as did her husband, John, our nation’s second president.

 

National Women’s History Month (NWHM), whose origins are a complex story [1] in itself, offers libraries a familiar framework for programming and for updating your website, displays, and exhibits. You can take an approach similar to National Library Week, Black History Month, and other heritage-themed celebrations relevant to your community. Many types of libraries join in the celebration, even if only at the most basic level of a book display. However, focusing on women’s history and women as a library market segment offers so many more creative opportunities for reaching out to your community, whether that community consists of students and faculty, corporate executives, homemakers, scientists, secretaries, or others.

 

This article focuses on celebrations that take place in public libraries, since the greatest variety of women’s history programming in libraries takes place there. Here is what four public libraries of varying sizes reported in response to our recent information request to the PubLib and Feminist discussion lists:

 

•For several years the East Baton Rouge (La.) Parish Library has joined in its city’s Women’s Week program, sponsored by the Women’s Council of Greater Baton Rouge. The library offers genealogy classes, consumer health information classes targeting women’s health, and classes on library resources of interest to women. In 2009, the library made available Wii games targeted at senior women. At other times during the year EBRPL offers programs for professional women and caregivers.

•In 2001 Fort Worth (Tex.) Library spearheaded the creation of Hattitude … Hats Off to Women, a monthlong citywide celebration of women that continues today with the cooperation of several city organizations. In 2009 the groups cosponsored six events including a hat fashion show, a girls’ poetry jam, a leadership conference, and two award events honoring area women and organizations. The library has also established an archive documenting women’s contributions to Fort Worth and Tarrant County.

•The 21-branch Ocean County (N.J.) Library sponsors a range of programs each year. The 2009 selection included: women’s history quizzes; jazz and blues programs focusing on women; programs on New Jersey women; film screenings; scrapbooking to honor extraordinary women in one’s life; a scavenger hunt; programs on beauty, health, women authors, and the history of women’s underwear; and a one-woman show about three modern first ladies.

•The Twelve Bridges Library in Lincoln, California, celebrated Women’s History Month with an array of special events: for children, “Celebrating Great Women” featured five costumed volunteers speaking in the first person as Abigail Adams, Indira Gandhi, Amelia Earhart, Julia Morgan, and Sally Ride; a program highlighting International Women’s Day offered speakers from a variety of international groups including CROP (Comparative Research Programme on Poverty), Heifer International, WIPA (Women for International Peace and Arbitration), and the Tahirih Justice Center; and there was a screening of Ken Burns and Paul Burns’ film Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.

For additional programming ideas and resource materials, see “(At Least) 21 Ideas for Celebrating Women’s History Month [2]” and “To Help You Plan [3].”

 

Historical collaborations

Partnerships are an effective way to develop programs for National Women’s History Month and develop long-term relationships with other local groups and individuals who don’t use the library. Partnerships are a way of acknowledging the good work of other community members and bringing the library to the attention of others. If the library reaches out to other groups, those groups will in turn reach out to the library.

 

Women’s organizations—including those affiliated with religious groups, sororities, sports teams, and self-help and educational groups—remain a strong force in national and local life, including K–12 and higher education. There are literally thousands of women’s organizations with a range of missions and agendas, some in opposition to each other, but most are logical library partners. Be sure to look for a local, county, or state government commission on the status of women. If you can’t find one, check the National Association of Commissions for Women [4], which has a clickable map of its more than 200 members.

 

Potential partner organizations are recommended here [5]. For even more leads, check out the National Council of Women’s Organizations [6], “a nonpartisan, nonprofit umbrella organization of more than 200 groups, which collectively represent over 10 million women across the country.” NCWO members work together on a range of public policy issues of concern to women and girls. The website has a useful list of member organizations with links organized by subject expertise. Also, the National Council for Research on Women [7], “a network of more than 100 leading U.S. research, advocacy, and policy centers,” provides a topical list of organizations with expertise from which libraries could access speakers or resources, including those concerning current issues.

 

When developing partnerships, keep in mind these four simple guidelines:

 

•Send staff to community organization meetings to see how your library could contribute to their programs and projects.

•Read the local paper to find out what other area groups are doing.

•Invite community groups to cosponsor library programs. This will extend the reach of the library by drawing in more program participants and help you develop an ongoing relationship with the organizations.

•Offer library resources to community groups, such as annotated reading lists, access to library materials, space for exhibits and programs, and program ideas.

Middle Country Public Library in Centereach, New York, partners with local organizations year-round, cultivating the library’s image as a welcoming community resource. For the past nine years growing out of an initial partnership with the Long Island Fund for Women and Girls, the library has hosted a fall Women’s Expo [8], “a showcase and a marketplace for Long Island women entrepreneurs, artisans, [and] importers,” with an expanding list of partners that includes local media, businesses, banks, and community organizations. Well over 1,500 people attend. Women exhibitors also receive help in developing their capability. This economic-development activity could be replicated during NWHM or at any other time of year.

 

Whether you program with a partner or go solo, your local community should be your first-line resource for NWHM celebrations. Why? Local program presenters often come with their own audience, are often free or low cost, and typically know area interests and needs. (And remember: Your own library is one of those local resources.)

 

It doesn’t matter how large or small your library, who you serve, whether you are print oriented, all digital, or like most libraries a hybrid: You can do something for National Women’s History Month.

   

Kay Ann Cassell is an assistant director of the MLIS program in the Department of Library and Information Science at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. She was previously the associate director for collections and services at New York Public Library. Kathleen Weibel is a retired librarian with experience in public and academic libraries and a history of activism regarding feminist issues.

 

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Source URL: americanlibrariesmagazine.org/womenshistory2010

Links:

[1] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/history-w...

[2] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/least-21-...

[3] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/help-you-...

[4] nacw.org

[5] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/partnersh...

[6] www.womensorganizations.org

[7] www.ncrw.org

[8] www.womensexpoli.org

[9] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/sites/default/files/photos/...

 

New IWPR Briefing Paper Finds Women's Unemployment, Economic Insecurity, and Poverty at Historic Hig

The Institute for Women's Policy Research released a comprehensive, 67-page Briefing Paper, entitled Women and Men's Employment and Unemployment in the Great Recession. Based on analysis of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau, the Briefing Paper finds many families are relying on women's earnings when men are unemployed and that unemployed men and women are experiencing an average of 29 weeks of unemployment before finding a new job.

 

The Briefing Paper, authored by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., Ashley English, and Jeffrey Hayes, Ph.D., researchers at IWPR, is available on the IWPR website here: www.iwpr.org/pdf/C373womeninrecession.pdf.

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311. When are you entitled to divorced spouse's insurance benefits?

 

You are entitled to a divorced spouse's insurance benefits on the worker's Social Security record if:

 

The worker is entitled to retirement or disability insurance benefits;

 

You have filed an application for divorced spouse's benefits;

 

You are not entitled to a retirement or disability insurance benefit based on a primary insurance amount which equals or exceeds one-half the worker's primary insurance amount;

 

You are age 62 or over;

 

You are not married; and

 

You were married to the worker for at least 10 years before the date the divorce became final.

 

Note: You are not entitled before age 62 even if you have an entitled child in care.

 

The divorced spouse of a worker who is not entitled to retirement or disability insurance benefits, but has reached age 62 and is fully insured, can become independently entitled to benefits on the worker's earnings record. To do so, however, the divorced spouse must meet the requirements in (B)-(F) above and have been divorced from the worker for not less than two continuous years.

 

Last Revised: Mar. 12, 2009

  

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Domestic Diversions

1. Good counsel on matters of relationships, families and family law. 2. The efforts of good people working together to advance the mind, arouse the heart, and amuse the spirit.

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On July 10, 2018, news broke that cryptocurrency wallet and decentralized exchange Bancor was hit with a hack. A wallet the Bancor team used to update the protocol’s smart contracts was infiltrated, and the $23.5 million vulnerability allowed the hackers to run off with $12.5 million ETH, $1 million NPXS tokens and $10 million of Bancor’s BNT token.

 

Following the hack, the Bancor team froze the BNT in question in an effort to stanch its losses.

 

The latest of its kind, the attack is an unfortunate reminder that smart contracts are not foolproof. Even built as they are on the blockchain’s security intensive network, they can feature bugs, backdoors and vulnerabilities that are ripe for exploitation.

 

Before Bancor, we saw the popular Ethereum wallet Parity drained of 150,000 ETH (now worth just over $68 million) in July of 2017. In November of the same year, Parity lost even more than this when a less-experienced coder accidentally froze some $153 million worth of ether and other tokens.

 

In perhaps the most infamous smart contract hack in the industry to date, The DAO, a decentralized venture fund, lost 3.6 million ether in June of 2016. The stolen funds are now worth $1.6 billion, and the fallout of the attack saw Ethereum hard fork to recoup losses.

 

The Why and How: Making the Same Mistake

 

If three’s company, then The DAO, Parity and now Bancor have become the poster triplets of smart contract vulnerabilities. But they’re not alone in their weakness, and similar smart contract bugs have been exploited or nearly exploited on other networks.

 

For such a nascent technology, such flaws may be expected, but given the mass sum of funds these contracts are supposed to protect, truly stalwart security measures are not yet routinely employed.

 

To Hartej Sawhney, co-founder of Hosho cybersecurity firm, the sheer amount of funds at stake is enough of an incentive to attract black hats to these smart contracts, especially if there’s a central point through which they can probe for access.

 

“There’s money behind every smart contract, so there’s an incentive to hack into it. And the scary part of smart contracts like Bancor is that they’ve coded their smart contracts in a way that gives centralized power to the founders of the project. They’ve put this backdoor in there,” Sawhney told Bitcoin Magazine in an interview.

 

Sawhney is referring to Bancor’s ability to confiscate and freeze tokens at will, as the smart contracts that govern their wallet and exchange feature central points of control. This degree of control has been widely criticized as centralized to the point that Bancor shouldn’t be able to advertise itself as a decentralized exchange.

 

And it may have even provided the hackers with an entry point into the network. While Bancor has not revealed the specifics of the hack and its execution, the team wrote in a blog post that “a wallet used to upgrade some smart contracts was compromised.” Sawhney indicated in our interview that “most smart contracts are coded to be irreversible,” while Bancor’s own are completely mutable. The hackers could have exploited — and likely did exploit — the same backdoor that the developers put into place to manage their project.

 

Bancor aside, Dmytro Budorin, CEO of cybersecurity community Hacken, echoed Sawhney’s belief that the industry’s treasure trove of assets is a powerful impetus for hackers to dirty their hands. He also believes that the relative youth of the technology makes it vulnerable to detrimental exploits.

 

“Coding on blockchain is something new,” Budorin added in an interview with Bitcoin Magazine. “We still lack security standards and best practices on how to properly code smart contracts. Also, when coding smart contracts, programmers think more about functionality than about security, since a programmer’s main task is to simply make the code work, and security is usually an afterthought.”

 

Working with new programming languages, security can take a back seat to functionality. More than just the casualty of a steep learning curve, Sawhney believes that security can slip by the eye of software engineers because they “don’t have a quality assurance (QA) mindset.”

 

With millions at stake and potential holes in the code to exploit, hackers are bound to drum up a scheme to breach these contracts, according to Budorin. Even if a team has audited their code for expected or known vulnerabilities, “a new type of attack can be developed any time and nothing can protect you from this.”

 

All it takes is a spurt of intuitive thinking to probe a smart contract’s code for an unexplored opening, Amy Wan, CEO and co-founder of Sagewise, iterated in a separate interview with Bitcoin Magazine.

 

“It is not often that developers are able to write perfect code that works the first time around — and even when that happens the code cannot be adapted to unforeseen situations. Code is also static, which makes smart contracts very rigid. However, humans are anything but static and very creative when it comes to problem solving. This combination creates something of a perfect storm, making smart contracts ill-suited where there are bugs in coding or loopholes/situation changes.”

 

Wan believes that “technology isn’t about tech itself as much as it is about how humans interact with it,” meaning that we “are always going to have folks looking for opportunities to test the shortcomings of technology, which may result in hacks.”

 

To Wan, smart contracts feature intrinsic vulnerabilities. To make security matters worse, she also holds that they “cannot be amended or terminated (or in technologist speak, evolved or upgraded),” and their static nature renders them susceptible to the dynamic, adaptive strategies of black hats.

 

“Code aside, with every situation, there are an infinite number of things that can go awry. The rigidity of smart contracts presently cannot accommodate the fluidity of the real world,” she said.

 

Mending the Achilles Heel

 

If technical flexibility is the crux of smart contract weakness, then the fix is in the inception and carry-through of their development. Developers should put preventative measures in place to ensure that their code can bend without breaking, both CEOs expressed.

 

“We need to have a more comprehensive approach in order to solve this problem in the long term,” Budorin argued. “First of all, even though it is impossible to make all contracts absolutely secure, smart contract risks can be reduced. The best way to secure a smart contract is to have a security engineer on staff, conduct two different independent audits, and launch a bug bounty program for a dedicated period of time before deployment.”

 

Hacken itself facilitates such bug bounties, and the platform, called HackenProof, has seen its white hat community audit and test such industry projects as VeChainThor, Neverdie, Legolas Exchange, NapoleonX, Shopin and Enecuum. Budorin and his team find that bug bounties provide a reliable if tertiary buffer for projects before they go public.

 

“We believe that the only efficient way to mitigate modern cybersecurity threats is to host bug bounty programs on bug bounty platforms. This is called a crowdsourced security approach,”

 

“Bug bounty platforms attract a crowd of third-party cybersecurity experts (dozens if not hundreds at a time) to test the client’s software. Testing can be ongoing for months or even years.”

 

Sawhney agrees that projects need to house more on-staff security experts to police vulnerabilities, while lamenting the fact that some projects lack a CIO or CTO for this effect. But he also indicated that, in some cases, companies need only to submit themselves to a proper audit to avoid a fate similar to Bancor’s.

 

“Some of these companies believe that they have the world’s best engineers, so they think they don’t need an audit. And if they get one, chances are they’ve done a third-party audit that was in their favor. Even if they’re getting an audit, some of these audit companies aren’t doing what we deem to be a professional audit. They’re taking the code and putting it through automated tooling. They’re not taking the time to do some of the more manual tasks which includes a dynamic analysis, quality assurance,” he explained.

 

The manual tasks that Sawhney lauds are at the heart of Hosho’s own auditing processes. They allow Hosho’s team to sniff out coding errors that automated tooling might miss, like discrepancies between the smart contract’s token algorithms and a white paper’s business model.

 

“So the most manual part of conducting an audit is marrying the code to the words — we call it dynamic analysis. Most of the time when we find errors with a smart contract, we’re finding colossal errors in the business logic. We’re finding everything from mathematical errors to errors in token allocation,” Sawhney said.

 

He went on to reveal that Hosho’s team includes professionals “from the infosec, devcon communities that are white hats who have spent years doing QA.” QA, shorthand for quality assurance, is a method by which coders test a code for its designed function to check for any malfunctions, defects and other flaws that may render it vulnerable or inoperable.

 

As Sawhney indicated earlier, part of the reason these projects and their auditors don’t do QA is simply because they lack the professional experience to do so. It’s easier, he claimed, to teach Solidity (a smart contract coding language) to those who know how to conduct sound QA than the other way around.

 

When lack of QA training or a learning curve isn’t the issue, however, Sawhney suggested that, at times, projects won’t secure a thorough audit because they’re simply cutting corners.

 

“Sometimes I think it’s sheer laziness and being cheap. They see that cost to code a smart contract was only $10k and [an auditor] is charging $30k to review it. They say, ‘Nah, we don’t need that. We have the best engineers in the world so we’re good.’”

 

To Sawhney, there’s no substitute for a thorough audit. He also holds that, once an audit has been completed, the smart contract should come with a seal of approval, one that both attests to the audit’s quality and reassures users that no code has been altered after the fact. For Hosho’s work, this comes in the form of a GPG file, a cryptographic stamp that simultaneously functions like a certificate of authenticity and denotes the final (or at least most recent) version of audited code, acting rather like the seal on a bottle of cough syrup that proves it hasn’t been tampered with since it last passed quality control.

 

“Having central governments, regulators, lawyers, PR firms, investors, token holders — everyone — looking for this GPG file, this sign of approval [answers the question]: Has this code been sealed? Because we can monitor this code once we’ve put this seal on it to prove that no one has touched this code, not one line of this code has been changed since a third party audited it. If code changes you’re opening up room for security vulnerabilities.”

 

Wan’s own solution offers a different sort of prescription, in that she adds post-audit safety nets like Sagewise’s software as a smart contract’s third line of defense.

 

“Going forward, I believe that blockchain companies will be able to prevent smart contract disasters by using a smart contract developer whose sole focus is developing smart contracts, hiring a reputable security auditing firm, and including a catch-all safety net into smart contracts, such as Sagewise’s SDK.”

 

The Sagewise SDK integrates with smart contracts to police malicious inputs. It gives developers the chance to freeze the smart contract in question and adjust it accordingly.

 

“It starts with a monitoring and notification service so users are aware of what’s happening with their smart contract. Paired with our SDK, which basically acts as an arbitration clause in code, users are notified of functions executing on their smart contract and, if such functions are unintended, [they have] the ability to freeze the smart contract. They then can take the time they need to fix whatever needs to be fixed, whether that’s merely fixing a coding error to amending the smart contract or resolving a dispute,” she said.

 

A Community Problem, a Community Solution

 

In our interview, Wan claimed that “[less than] 2 percent of the population is able to read code.” Fewer people still are able to read Solidity, let alone at the level needed to insulate it with airtight security features.

 

So even if projects and companies want to take the measures necessary to vet and protect their code properly, they may be wanting for talent and resources. This problem will likely be educated out of existence as more software engineers develop a thorough, more sophisticated understanding of Solidity and other smart contract programming languages. More mature coding languages may present a solution to this ailment, as well.

 

But for the time being, the community can help developers and teams to err on the side of caution. Like an arbiter with skin in the game, people using these services need to step up and demand action and change, Wan believes. Otherwise these types of security breaches will continue to happen.

 

“[B]ecause much of the population cannot read code, it is difficult for them to hold developers accountable for when they do things like code an administrative backdoor into their smart contract (which many large projects have done),” said Wan.

 

“Just in 2017 alone, half a billion dollars in value was lost in smart contracts, but that apparently has not been enough to get developers to consider adding additional safety nets or community members to demand them. Perhaps we will need to lose billions more to get people to realize that this isn’t how the system should work.”

 

Sawhney also reiterated this point: “[More] people need to be outspoken, call people out. I think people are scared because the community is tight-knit and everybody knows everybody. No one wants to shun people. There’s not enough self-governance in this space, and I think that’s the biggest step this community needs to take.”

 

He added, “[not] enough pressure [is] being put on security; there’s not enough regulation around security.”

 

In an effort to bring self-regulation to the forefront of the industry’s to do list, Hosho is hosting a summit for cybersecurity firms in Berlin. Slated for this September, Sawhney hopes the summit will spawn a self-regulatory organization (SRO) from its attendence, “complete with a certificate for our work, kind of like the Big Four for financial audits.”

 

Adding to the conversation on self-regulation, Budorin finds that the community would do well to document exploited vulnerabilities. This would create a library of case studies and situations for developers to study and to create the solutions necessary to avoid the same pitfalls in the future.

 

“…the blockchain community needs to collect, store and analyze all known vulnerabilities that have been found in smart contracts and host regular security conferences that will cover security issues in blockchain and develop security guidelines so that new generation of blockchain programmers is more prepared for these problems,” he said.

 

The onus is not on the community alone, as the lion’s share of responsibility rests on developers to ensure that their code is as sound as possible before reaching an audience. Together, however, the industry’s community and its architects may combine perspectives to make smart contract hazards an issue of yesterdays.

 

Until then, Sawhney, Budorin and Wan’s perspectives — and their respective companies’ purposes — provide a healthy reality check for the industry’s pain points. For mainstream adoption and acceptance, these points need be addressed if there is to be any sort of sustained sense of confidence in this new technology.

 

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

 

Audits and Quality Assurance: Patching the Holes in Smart Contract Security syndicated from smartoptionio.wordpress.com/

 

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CH2M Hill

 

Release date: August 14, 2007

 

NEW YORK, 14 August 2007 - CH2M HILL announced today that it has been awarded a contract for the new, environmentally friendly Besicorp/Empire combined cycle power plant in Rensselaer, New York.

 

CH2M HILL subsidiary, LG Constructors, will perform integrated engineering, procurement and construction for the 535 megawatt power plant with a peaking capacity of 635 megawatts. Total projected cost for the project is more than $500 million.

 

"CH2M HILL is pleased to be chosen to help provide new electric power to New York industrial consumers," said Don Zabilansky, president, CH2M HILL's power business group.

 

The Northeast U.S. is currently projected to have possible electricity shortfalls in the future, and this new power station will help to alleviate these concerns. Once operating, this power station will be one of the cleanest and lowest noise producers of comparable plants throughout the country.

 

Engineering for the project is currently under way, with construction soon to follow. Equipment installation for the new power station is scheduled to begin early in 2008. Facility operations for supplying electricity to the power grid is planned to commence by December 31, 2009.

 

The new power station will include two GE 7FA combustion turbines, two Alstom three-pressure heat recovery steam generators and one GE D-11 reheat steam turbine. The plant will be fueled by natural gas and intermittently by low sulfur fuel oil. The combustion turbines and the steam turbine will be enclosed in a building.

 

The project scope includes a 345 kV switchyard, 8 miles of 345 kV transmission line, a 16-inch diameter gas line for 4.5 miles, and a 28-inch diameter grey water pipeline from Albany County's sewage treatment facility under the Hudson River.

 

Headquartered in Denver, Colo., employee-owned CH2M HILL (www.ch2m.com) is a global leader in engineering, construction, and operations for public and private clients. With $4.5 billion in revenue, CH2M HILL is an industry-leading program management, construction management, and design firm, as ranked by Engineering News-Record (2007). The firm's work is concentrated in the areas of transportation, water, energy, environment, construction, and industrial facilities. The firm has long been recognized as a most-admired company and leading employer by business media and professional associations worldwide. CH2M HILL has more than 19,000 employees in regional offices around the world.

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Company Information:

Name: CH2M Hill

Address: 9191 S. Jamaica St.

City: Englewood

State: CO

ZIP: 80112

Country: USA

Phone: 303-771-0952

FAX: 303-740-6997

www.ch2m.com

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Other News from this company:

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CH2M HILL Finalizes Acquisition of VECO

CH2M HILL Recognized as a Start! Fit-Friendly Company

CH2M HILL Awarded Spatial Consulting Contract by Virgin Media

American Axle & Manufacturing Awards CH2M HILL for China Project

CH2M HILL Begins Construction on Clovis Sewage Treatment Water Reuse Facility

For Second Year CH2M HILL Achieves Top Ranking Among U.S. Environmental Firms

CH2M HILL's Sustained Relationship with City of Aurora Helps a Sustainable Water Supply Project Move Forward

I-94 Michigan Project Awarded to CH2M HILL

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CH2M HILL OMI Earns Top OSHA Safety Designation

CH2M HILL and VECO Reach Agreement on Terms of Acquisition

CH2M HILL and GE to Design and Build US$660 Million Gas-Fired Power Plant: Largest in Australia

CH2M HILL Announces Expansion of IT Help Desk Capabilities

CH2M HILL in Acquisition Discussions with VECO Corporation

CH2M HILL Acquires Wade & Associates, Inc.

CH2M HILL Partners with Autodesk on Release of Topobase 2007

 

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FORTUNE Ranks CH2M HILL One of “100 Best Companies to Work For”

By: Tessa Anderson

Source: CH2M HILL

26 January 26 2009 – CH2M HILL, a global full-service engineering, procurement, construction, and operations firm, has been ranked 86 on FORTUNE’s 12th annual “100 Best Companies to Work For” list. This is the fourth time the company has earned a spot on the prestigious list. The full list and related stories appear in the February 2 issue of FORTUNE, available on newsstands January 26 and at www.fortune.com on January 22.

 

“CH2M HILL is proud to receive this prestigious award for the second straight year,” says Lee McIntire, CH2M HILL’s chief executive officer. “This accomplishment was possible because of our people and their dedication to our company, our customers, and each other. Our ranking is the result of our employee-ownership culture, our commitment to develop our people, and our ability to provide them with an innovative, challenging, and high-integrity environment in which they can grow, learn, and excel in their careers.”

 

CH2M HILL employees often cite the opportunity to work on interesting projects that challenge their professional skills and improve the quality of the life in their communities as key reasons for joining and staying with the company. This pride and satisfaction in the company’s work is the reason that CH2M HILL employees refer more than 30 percent of the company’s new hires.

 

A sampling of these CH2M HILL projects include the following:

 

Development of the world’s first carbon-neutral, “green” community in Masdar City, a two-square-mile area in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Program management for the $5.25 billion, 7-year Panama Canal expansion, leading to a third set of locks and deepened and widened channels to accommodate post-Panamax shipping.

Implementation of cutting-edge water treatment technology in arid regions, including water recycling in Australia, desalination in the Middle East, and natural and state-of-the-art treatment in Aurora, Colorado.

Helping meet the world’s future energy needs by providing engineer, procure, construct (EPC) services and oil field operations in the Arctic, EPC for power plants in Australia, landfill gas utilization in China and solar manufacturing in Spain.

Oversight of the design and construction of the venues and infrastructure for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games as part of the CLM Delivery Partner.

Prime contractor for the safe, environmental cleanup of the $4.5 billion, 5-year Central Plateau of the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford nuclear site in south-central Washington state.

Management of a $10 billion military base relocation program for the U.S. and South Korean governments.

Management and operations of a full spectrum of municipal services for cities from Georgia to Colorado.

Support for the Federal Emergency Management Agency to provide temporary housing for affected residents following natural disasters such as the West Coast wildfires and the recent Midwest flooding and tornadoes.

CH2M HILL was selected, in part, due to its comprehensive and ongoing training and professional development programs (on average, each full-time employee at CH2M HILL participates in 16 hours of training annually), employee-ownership culture (more than 60 percent of employees own stock in the firm), and work-life balance programs (10 percent of employees take advantage of CH2M HILL’s flexible work schedules by working compressed weeks and five percent of employees telework).

 

FORTUNE’s annual ranking is determined through an extensive nomination and application process. Two-thirds of the score is based on how randomly-selected employees respond to a 57-question survey created by the Great Place to Work Institute. The other third is based on the company’s responses to the Institute’s Cultural Audit.

 

The company has also been recognized as a Most Admired Company by FORTUNE magazine for the past six years.

 

In January 2009 CH2M HILL became the first engineering and construction firm to win the Catalyst Award, which annually honors innovative organizational approaches with proven, measurable results that address the recruitment, development, and advancement of all women, including women of color.

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Headquartered near Denver, Colo., employee-owned CH2M HILL is a global leader in engineering, procurement, construction, management and operations for government, civil, industrial and energy clients. With $6.4 billion in revenue and more than 25,000 employees, CH2M HILL is an industry-leading program management, construction management and design firm, as ranked by Engineering News-Record (2008). The firm's work is concentrated in the areas of energy, water, transportation, environmental, nuclear and industrial facilities. The firm has long been recognized as a most-admired company and leading employer, including being named by FORTUNE as one of the 100 Best Companies to Work For (2009).

Visit www.ch2mhill.com.

© 2009 CH2M HILL and its licensors. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | CH2M HILL is an Equal Opportunity Employer Project Owner: Kleen Energy Systems, LLC.

 

Contractor: O&G Industries

 

Architect: WorleyParsons

 

Steel Fabricator: Berlin Steel

 

Steel Subcontractor: High Steel Structures Inc.

 

The Kleen Energy power plant project is typical of High Steel’s increasing involvement in the power and energy sector.

 

Berlin Steel of Massachusetts took the lead bidding the complete steel fabrication package, which totaled approximately 5,000 tons. Berlin involved High Steel early in the budgeting phase, and the two companies worked closely together through the bidding process. Contractor O&G Industries, Inc. awarded Berlin the fabrication contract, with High Steel as a subcontractor. High Steel’s scope involved large roof girders, crane girders, and several very large transfer girders for a total of 750 tons of built-up sections.

 

Kleen Energy Systems, LLC’s new 620 MW Combined Cycle Electric Generating Facility is located in Middletown, Connecticut. Unlike older power plants that are less than 30 percent efficient, the new gas-fired, combined cycle power plant is designed to operate at over 60 percent efficiency. The combined cycle process achieves this increased efficiency by sending waste heat from the gas turbine generator, that would normally be lost, to a steam turbine to generate even more electricity.

 

The plant is expected to come on line by June 1, 2010.

 

Structure Type: Power Plant

 

Steel Tonnage: 750 tons (High Steel's Portion)

 

Steel Type: Grade 50

 

Coating: Painted Prime

 

Project Owner: Kleen Energy Systems, LLC.

 

Contractor: O&G Industries

 

Architect: WorleyParsons

 

Steel Fabricator: Berlin Steel

 

Steel Subcontractor: High Steel Structures Inc.

    

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©2010 High Steel Structures Inc. | P.O. Box 10008, Lancaster, PA 17605-0008 | 717.390.4270 | highsteelinfo@high.net | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | The High Companies Official: Unclear if victims remain in Conn. plant

Conn. official: Unclear whether everyone is accounted for after deadly power plant explosion

 

Buzz up! 1 Print

Pat Eaton-Robb and John Christoffersen, Associated Press Writers, On Monday February 8, 2010, 7:46 am EST

MIDDLETOWN, Conn. (AP) -- A fire official said Monday that it remains unclear whether everyone is accounted for after a massive explosion that killed at least five people at an under-construction power plant.

 

Middletown Deputy Fire Marshal Al Santostefano had said Sunday night that officials believed no one was missing amid the rubble. But on Monday morning he said rescue crews still haven't been able to search a section of the plant that remains unstable, and it was impossible to know if there were victims in that area.

 

Santostefano also said there were "piles of rubble everywhere, debris everywhere. In some places the debris is as high as 10 feet."

 

Local fire investigators and federal authorities on Monday were expected to begin their investigation into what caused Sunday morning's explosion at the plant in Middletown, about 20 miles south of Hartford.

 

A dozen or more others were hurt in the blast, which happened as gas lines were being tested. The explosion was so powerful it alarmed residents who heard the boom and felt tremors in their homes miles away.

 

The blast left huge pieces of metal that once encased the plant peeling off its sides. A large swath of the structure was blackened and surrounded by debris, but the building, its roof and its two smokestacks were still standing at the site, which is near Wesleyan University .

 

One of those killed was Raymond Dobratz, a 58-year-old plumber from Old Saybrook, said his son Erik Dobratz, who called the elder man "a great dad."

 

Lynn Hawley, of Hartland, Conn., said her 36-year-old son, Brian Hawley, is a pipefitter at the plant and broke his leg. She said he called her from his cell phone to say he was being rushed to a hospital.

 

"He really couldn't say what happened to him," she said. "He was in a lot of pain, and they got him into surgery as quickly as possible."

 

Hospital officials didn't immediately release the conditions of the other injured people, whose wounds ranged from minor to very serious.

 

The thundering blast shook houses for miles.

 

"I felt the house shake," Middletown resident Steve Clark said. "I thought a tree fell on the house."

 

Mayor Sebastian Giuliano said he heard it as he was leaving church.

 

"It felt almost like a sonic boom," he said.

 

Kleen Energy Systems LLC began construction on the plant in February 2008. It had signed a deal with Connecticut Light and Power for the electricity produced by the plant, which was scheduled to be completed by mid-2010 and would be one of the biggest built in New England in the last few years.

 

The company is run by former City Councilman William Corvo. A message left at Corvo's home was not returned. Calls to Gordon Holk, general manager of Power Plant Management Services, which has a contract to manage the plant, also weren't returned.

 

Energy Investors Funds, a private equity fund that indirectly owns a majority share in the power plant, said it was cooperating with authorities investigating the explosion. In a written statement, the company offered sympathy and concern and said it would release more information on the explosion as it becomes available.

 

Safety board investigators have done extensive work on the issue of gas line purging since an explosion last year at a Slim Jim factory in North Carolina killed four people. They've identified other explosions caused by workers who were unsafely venting gas lines inside buildings.

 

Contributing to this report were Associated Press writers Eric Tucker in Middletown; Stephanie Reitz in Glastonbury, Conn.; Mark Williams in Columbus, Ohio; Mike Baker in Raleigh, N.C.; and Anne D'Innocenzio in New York.

 

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Startup brings high-tech jobs to green industry

Craig Wolf • Poughkeepsie Journal • April 4, 2010

 

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Buzz up!Twitter FarkIt Type Size A A A Next Page1| 2| 3Previous PageWICCOPEE — "Green jobs" is now a common phrase in plans to revive the American economy.

 

Last week, that significance was hit home harder by the uncommon appearance of a Cabinet official in the mid-Hudson to make a factory tour.

It's a small plant that U.S. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis chose, accompanied by Rep. John Hall, D-Dover Plains, but it's certainly a "green" one in the political meaning of that term.

SpectraWatt Inc., a startup spinoff that has its roots in Intel Corp., landed in southern Dutchess County with $91.4 million in private-sector investment to begin making silicon photovoltaic cells destined to be sold to customers who will manufacture solar electric panels.

Jobs are being created. But it's with a lot of greenbacks as incentives — $8.1 million of them — from the public sector, mostly the state of New York. An even greater sum, $9.3 million, can be collected by the company in tax credits, assuming it succeeds in hitting its targets. And, there's a sales tax exemption worth $420,000. All that is according to Empire State Development Corp., the state's economic development agency.

Already, about 45 positions have been filled — all new jobs — at this facility, created in space leased from IBM Corp. at its Hudson Valley Research Park here. Including its Oregon research center, SpectraWatt is now up to 60 jobs and hiring about five a week. By the end of the year, the work force will grow to 80, "maybe more," said Andrew Wilson, the president and CEO of SpectraWatt.

Ka Man Lau of Poughkeepsie got a job as a process engineer here after losing a post with NXP Semiconductors when it closed last summer. "My skills happened to match what SpectraWatt needs," she said, happy to get work within two months.

Wilson offers the hope that business will grow and that future years will bring even more jobs. The single production line now installed here can produce 60 megawatts' worth of cells per year, more after improvements are made. That line now runs one shift, but in this industry, full usage is four shifts seven days a week. At that rate, Wilson said, this plant could have 120 jobs.

(2 of 3)

 

There's room for two more such lines here, which would create even more need for workers. Wilson said a second line is planned but the move to a third line must await an evaluation "whether that makes sense."

 

How many jobs ultimately result is largely dependent on sales of the solar cells. Wilson said he has customers lined up, both domestic and international.

SpectraWatt has long-term sales agreements, and he said the prospects look good.

"This is a market that is growing," Wilson said. "The U.S. is not the largest market in the world today. But we expect that it will be in two, three years."

The nation's market was up 50 percent in 2009, SpectraWatt officials point out.

Another source, Solarbuzz, put the U.S. growth rate at 36 percent in 2009, ranking it as the third-largest market after Germany and Italy. The top producers are China and Taiwan. Excess production caused prices to crash, but the company predicts return to "high growth" this year and over the next five.

"Even in the slowest growth scenario, the global market will be 2.5 times its current size by 2014," Solarbuzz states in a summary of its 2010 report.

The European Photovoltaic Industry Association said Tuesday that global installed solar power rose by 44 percent in 2009 and that it expects at least 40 percent growth this year.

"The U.S. market finally took off significantly with around 475 (megawatts) installed in 2009 and appears as a potential leading market for the coming years," the association said. A megawatt is a thousand watts. The total installed base globally is about 20 gigawatts, with "giga" meaning billion.

The photovoltaic industry depends a lot upon government subsidy to compete with cheaper sources. The subsidy is inspired by a combination of hopes to develop U.S.-based jobs, to diversify power generation on the electrical grid and, in the view of many of its advocates, displace some of the fossil-fueled generation that emits pollution.

The "prime the pump" approach to subsidy may not be needed forever. David O'Connor, SpectraWatt's vice president of business development, points out that not only is the market growing, but: "The cost of solar is also coming down, even without the subsidies."

(3 of 3)

 

If fossil and nuclear power continue becoming more costly, the solar crowd figures, solar will reach "grid parity" when it can compete without subsidy.

 

"Economic pressure will be building for solar and all the renewables," Hall said at the factory tour.

But right now, a large chunk of subsidy is going into SpectraWatt to create jobs.

The breakdown, from Empire State Development, shows cash outlays of:

• Empire Zone refunds, $3,375,469.

• Empire State Development grant, $3 million.

• New York state Energy Research and Development Authority grant, $1.5 million.

• Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. grant, $78,300.

• Dutchess County Industrial Development Agency, up to $100,000.

• Dutchess County Workforce Investment Board grant, $50,000.

Under the state's Empire Zone program, which SpectraWatt qualified for only months before its demise, the company can collect benefits by filing its tax returns and certifying it has met investment and employment goals.

These can total:

• Investment tax credit, $3.3 million.

• Employment incentive tax credit, $5.94 million.

• Wage tax credit, $75,469.

A sales tax exemption on items used in setting up shop is valued at $420,000.

O'Connor told reporters at Tuesday's event, "Those incentives offered by New York state and the county were very important. We would not be here without those incentives."

Rather, history suggests SpectraWatt would be in Oregon on land Intel had intended to use for its solar spinoff. There were delays in what incentives that state was offering and a strong effort from New York.

So, Wilson will move from Oregon to this area soon, and the bulk of the jobs will grow here.

The IBM space is part of the attraction. The production line is linear and long.

O'Connor noted, "There are not a lot of buildings this long."

And Wilson said that IBM, as a high-tech landlord, has been helpful.

"The IBM company has really embraced us," Wilson said, citing counseling on environmental requirements, permits and process efficiencies.

"IBM and the state made it fairly easy for us to be here," Wilson said.

The availability of workers with good backgrounds in semiconductor manufacture helped lot.

"There is an immense talent pool here," he said. "We were very fortunate to attract some excellent talent."

Next Page1| 2| 3Previous PageReach Craig Wolf at cwolf@poughkeepsiejournal.com or 845-437-4815.

In your voice|Read reactions to this story Newest first Oldest first

PhysicsNut wrote:

 

Glad if they have a market for PV solar panels. But in general

photovoltaic is overly expensive for what you get, not that

there are no niche markets. You would probably not want 26 inches

of snow on your solar panels, like a few weeks ago.

 

4/4/2010 10:36:56 AM Glad if they have a market for PV solar panels. But in generalphotovoltaic is overly expensive for what you get, not thatthere are no niche markets. You would probably not want 26 inchesof snow on your solar panels, like a few weeks ago. PhysicsNut

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SpectraWatt workers prepare for last week’s visit by U.S. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis and Rep. John Hall, D-Dover Plains. The startup company has filled about 45 positions at its Hudson Valley Research Park in Wiccopee. (Karl Rabe/Poughkeepsie Journal)

 

Company profile: SpectraWatt Inc.

Business: Production of the CrystalBlue brand of multicrystalline silicon photovoltaic cells for sale to industrial customers who make solar power panels. Research and development to improve the product.

Founded: June 2008 as a spinoff of Intel Corp.

Capitalization: $91.4 million in private investment from Intel Capital and several other entities; $8.1 million in public funds, mostly New York state agencies; eligibility for $9.3 million in New York tax credits going forward.

Headquarters and plant: Hudson Valley Research Park, Wiccopee, East Fishkill. Research center, Hillsboro, Oregon.

President and CEO: Andrew Wilson.

Web site: www.spectrawatt.com

 

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lucy10 (18 months ago | reply | delete)

 

hello there

how are you my dear Chris?

thanks for your visit

 

I´ve been very busy

and when have time I come here to see your great photos

have a happy week

photosfromonhigh (18 months ago | edit | delete)

 

Fine Lucy. What kind of photos are you doing? Things are up and down but starting to come up again. Take care of yourself Lucy. See You. Chris

  

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RotateEdit photo in PicnikEdit title, tags, and datesReplace this photoDelete this photo RENSSELAER -- Dozens of federal, state and local government officials and energy industry representatives, including U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer and U.S. Rep. Paul Tonko, were on hand today as the New York Independent System Operator unveiled details of a $74 million smart grid initiative, which is being supported by a U.S. Department of Energy Smart Grid Investment Grant of more than $37 million.

 

In addition to announcing details of the new smart grid initiative, the NYISO also held a groundbreaking ceremony to mark the start of construction of its new $35.5 million primary power control center. The new facility is being built adjacent to the NYISO’s headquarters building in the city of Rensselaer, near Albany.

 

The 64,000-square-foot control center at the NYISO’s Krey Boulevard site will serve as the primary operational nerve center for the non-profit NYISO, which oversees New York’s bulk electricity grid and wholesale electricity markets. The new facility is being developed to replace the NYISO’s existing, 42-year-old Carman Road control center in the town of Guilderland in western Albany County. That facility’s systems will be upgraded, allowing the NYISO to meet the requirement of having a fully functional primary and backup control center.

 

“Today, we’re not just breaking ground on a state-of-the-art facility, we’re flipping on an economic light switch for the Capital Region,” said Senator Schumer. “This project is going to support hundreds of construction jobs, 20 new jobs when all is said and done, and will help update our energy grid to spur even more economic development across upstate New York. This is a great day for the Capital Region and the NYISO.”

 

Completion of the smart grid and control center projects will allow the NYISO to better fulfill its core mission of maintaining reliability of the state’s bulk power system and operating economically efficient wholesale markets. For

officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The east and northeast of the country have an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. Its size is just under 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with an estimated population of 5 million. The capital is Asmara.

 

History

Eritrea is an ancient name, associated in the past with its Greek form Erythraía (Greek alphabet Ερυθραία), and its derived Latin form Erythræa. In the past, Eritrea had given its name to the Red Sea, then called the Erythræan Sea. The Italians created the colony of Eritrea in the 19th century around Asmara, and named it with its current name. After World War II Eritrea was annexed to Ethiopia.In 1991 the People's Liberation Front defeated the Ethiopian government. Eritrea officially celebrated its independence on May 24, 1992.

 

Prehistory

One of the oldest hominids, representing a possible link between Homo erectus and an archaic Homo sapiens, was found in Buya (Eritrean Danakil) in 1995 by Italian scientists. The cranium was found to be over 1 million years old. Furthermore, in 1999, the Eritrean Research Project Team discovered some of the earliest evidence of human tool-use in the harvesting of marine resources. The site contained obsidian tools dated to the paleolithic era, over 125,000 years old.

Epipaleolithic or mesolithic cave paintings in central and northern Eritrea attest to early hunter-gatherers in this region. An American paleontologist, William Sanders of the University of Michigan, also discovered a possible missing link between ancient and modern elephants in the form of the fossilized remains of a pig-sized creature in Eritrea. The fossil, which is 27 million years old, pushes the origins of elephants and mastodons five million years further into the past and indicates that modern elephants originated in Africa.

 

Antiquity

The oldest written reference to the territory now known as Eritrea is the chronicled expedition launched to the fabled Punt (or Ta Netjeru, meaning land of the Gods) by the Ancient Egyptians in the twenty-fifth century BC under Pharaoh Sahure. Later sources from the Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the fifteenth century BC present a more detailed portrayal of an expedition in search of frankincense. The geographical location of the missions to Punt is described as roughly corresponding to the southern west coast of the Red Sea. The name Eritrea is a rendition of the ancient Greek name Ἐρυθραία, Erythraía, meaning the "Red Land". The earliest evidence of agriculture, urban settlement and trade in Eritrea was found in the western region of the country consisting of archaeological remains dating back to 3500 BC in sites called the Gash group. Based on the archaeological evidence, there seems to have been a connection between the peoples of the Gash group and the civilizations of the Nile Valley namely Ancient Egypt and Nubia.

 

In the highlands, especially in Asmara's suburbs, scores of ancient sites have been documented, including Sembel, Mai Chiot, Ona Gudo, Mai Temenai, Weki Duba and Mai Hutsa. Mostly dating to the early and mid-1st millennium BCE (800 to 350 BCE), these communities consisted of small towns, villages, and hamlets built of stone. The proximity of these ancient communities to gold mines suggest that part of their prosperity was linked to the mining and processing of gold. Around the mid-1st millennium, several sites with Sabaean remains (inscriptions, artifacts, and monuments) seem to emerge in the central highlands, for example, at Keskese. Between the eighth and fifth century BCE, a kingdom known as D'mt was supposedly established in what is today Eritrea and the Tigray province of northern Ethiopia.

 

After D'mt's decline around the fifth century BC, the state of Aksum arose in much of Eritrea and the northern Ethiopian Highlands. It grew during the fourth century BC and came into prominence during the first century AD, minting its own coins by the third century, and converting in the fourth century to Christianity, thereby becoming the second official Christian state (after Armenia), and the first country to feature the cross on its coins. According to Mani, it grew to be one of the four greatest civilizations in the world, on a par with China, Persia, and Rome. In the seventh century, with the advent of Islam across the Red Sea in Arabia and the Arab invasion and subsequent destruction of Adulis, Aksum's main port city, Aksum's trade and power on the Red Sea began to decline and the empire gradually diminished and was overtaken by smaller rival kingdoms.

 

Medieval period

During the medieval period, contemporary with and following the gradual disintegration of the Aksumite state between the 9th and 10th centuries, several states as well as tribal and clan lands emerged in the area known today as Eritrea. Between the eighth and thirteenth century, northern and northwestern Eritrea had largely come under the domination of the Beja, a Cushitic people from northeastern Sudan. The Beja brought Islam to large parts of Eritrea and connected the region to the greater Islamic world. Nonetheless, Christians of the Axumite era continued to inhabit these areas and retain their religion.

 

In the main highland area and adjacent coastline of what were previously Muslim (Beja) ruled areas, a Christian Kingdom called Midir Bahr or Midri Bahri (Tigrinya for land of the sea) arose, ruled by the Bahr Negus or Bahr Negash, ("ruler of the sea") emerged in the 15th century. The southeastern parts of Eritrea, inhabited by the independent Afar since ancient times, came to form part of the Islamic Adal Sultanate. Parts of the southwestern lowlands of Eritrea were under the dominion of the then Christian/Animist Funj Sultanate of Sinnar.

 

An invading force of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, under Suleiman I, conquered Massawa in 1557 from the Christians, building what is now considered the "old town" of Massawa on Batsi island. They also conquered the towns of Hergigo and Debarwa, the capital city of Yeshaq, the contemporary Christian Bahr Negus, before being driven back to the coast by 1578. The Ottomans remained in control of the important ports of Massawa and Hergigo and their environs, and maintained their dominion over the coastal areas for nearly 300 years, absorbing the coastal areas of the disintegrated Adal Sultanate as vassals in the 16th century. The Funj Sultanate of Sinnar converted to Islam in the 16th century but maintained independent control of the southwestern areas of Eritrea until being absorbed into the Ottoman Empire in the early 19th century.

 

With the feudal rule of the Bahr Negus in the predominantly Christian highland interior severely weakened from the 17th century up until modern times, the area was dubbed Mereb Mellash by locals and neighboring Ethiopians alike, meaning "beyond the Mereb" (in Tigrinya). This name defined the territory as being north of the Mareb River which to this day is a natural boundary between the modern states of Eritrea and Ethiopia.[18] Roughly the same area also came to be referred to as Hamasien, a name that survived until modern times, designating a much smaller area (province) immediately surrounding the capital Asmara, until being absorbed into the new administrative divisions in 1994. In these areas, feudal authority was particularly weak or nonexistent, and the autonomy of the landowning peasantry was particularly strong; a kind of republican rule was prevalent, governed by local customary laws legislated by elected elder's councils (shimagile). In 1770, the Scottish researcher James Bruce describes Hamasien and Abyssinia as "different countries who are often fighting" (SUKE, p. 25).

 

Colonialism

Italian colonisation arguably began with the purchase of the locality of Assab by a Roman Catholic priest by the name of Giuseppe Sapeto acting on behalf of a Genovese shipping company called "Rubattino" who bought the land from the Afar Sultan of Obock (a vassal of the Ottomans) in 1869. This happened in the same year as the opening of the Suez Canal.

 

With the approval of the Italian parliament and King Umberto I of Italy (later succeeded by his son Victor Emmanuel III), the government of Italy in 1879 bought the Rubattino company's holdings and from 1882 expanded its possessions northward along the Red Sea coast toward and beyond Massawa, encroaching on and quickly expelling previous 'Egyptian' possessions but meeting stiffer resistance in the Eritrean highlands from the invading army of the Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia.

 

Italy declared Eritrea a territory of Italy as of New Years Day 1890. The Kingdom of Italy ruled Eritrea from 1890 to 1941. Approximately 100,000 Italian colonists settled during the 1930s in the Colonia Primigenia (as Eritrea was called by the Italians, meaning they considered Eritrea their first and most important colony). Some of the greatest feats accomplished by the Italian colonialists in Eritrea was the building of Eritrea's modern capital; Asmara, and the Eritrean railway.

 

Between 1936 and 1941, the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini briefly created the Italian Empire, with the short-lived union of Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland. Eritrea enjoyed considerable industrialization and development of modern infrastructure during Italian rule (such as roads and the Eritrean Railway). The Italians remained the colonial power in Eritrea throughout the lifetime of Fascism and the beginnings of World War II, until they were defeated by Allied forces in 1941, and Eritrea came under British administration.

 

In the Peace Treaty of February 1947, Italy surrendered all her colonies, including Eritrea. While under British trusteeship, the United Nations decided to federate Eritrea with Ethiopia in 1950 after a lengthy inquiry regarding the status of Eritrea.

 

Eritrean War of Independence

The sandals worn by the fighters of independence have become iconic. A monument in central Asmara of such sandals was erected in memoriam. Barely 10 years into the federation with Ethiopia, in 1961, the 30-year Eritrean Struggle for Independence began, following the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I's dissolution of the federation and shutting down of Eritrea's parliament.

 

The Emperor declared Eritrea the fourteenth province of Ethiopia in 1962.[22] Eritreans formed the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) and rebelled.

 

The ELF was initially a conservative grass-roots movement dominated by Muslim lowlanders. The ELF received backing from Nasser's Egypt as part of a policy of expanding Arab Nationalist political influence in the region (some Eritreans were Arabic-speakers - one of the rather loose conditions for being part of the 'Arab Nation'). Ethiopia's imperial government received support from the United States which had established a radio listening base, called the Kagnew Station, in Eritrea's Ethiopian-occupied capital, Asmara. Internal divisions within the ELF based on religion, ideology, ethnicity, clan and, sometimes, personalities, led to the weakening and factioning of the ELF from which sprang the Eritrean People's Liberation Front.

 

The EPLF professed Marxism and egalitarian values devoid of gender, religion, or ethnic bias. Its leadership was educated in China. It came to be supported by a growing Eritrean diaspora. Bitter fighting broke out between the ELF and EPLF during the late 1970s and 1980s for dominance over Eritrea. The ELF continued to dominate the Eritrean landscape well into the 1970s when the struggle for independence neared victory due to Ethiopia's internal turmoil caused by a socialist revolution against the monarchy there.

 

The ELF's gains suffered when Ethiopia's ailing US-backed Emperor was deposed and replaced by the Derg, a Marxist military junta with backing from the Soviet Union and other communist countries, who continued the Ethiopian policy of repressing Eritrean "separatists" with increased military assistance and fervor. Nevertheless, the Eritrean resistance, which saw itself forced to retreat from most of the Eritrean countryside it had previously occupied, became instead entrenched in the northern parts of the country around the Sudanese border from where the most important supply lines came. The heavily bombarded and embattled northern town of Nakfa came to symbolize the Eritrean struggle. (The Eritrean currency is named after it.)

 

The numbers of the EPLF swelled in the 1980s. The EPLF relied largely on armaments captured from the Ethiopian army itself as well as financial and political support from the Eritrean diaspora and the cooperation of neighboring states hostile to Ethiopia's government Somalia and Sudan (although the support of the latter turned into hostility in agreement with Ethiopia during the Gaafar Nimeiry administration between 1971 and 1985) as well as Ethiopian resistance and separatist movements. Drought, famine, and intensive offensives launched by the Ethiopian army on Eritrea took a heavy toll on the population — more than half a million fled to Sudan as refugees. In 1985, Eritrean elite commandos infiltrated the Ethiopian- and Soviet-held air force base in Asmara and destroyed all 30 fighter jets there, suffering only one casualty. In 1988, a massive Ethiopian military offensive against Eritrean rebels backfired with a third of the Ethiopian army annihilated in the northern Eritrean town of Afabet.

 

Following the decline of the Soviet Union in 1989 and diminishing support for the Ethiopian war, Eritrean rebels advanced further, capturing the port of Massawa and putting the Ethiopian and Soviet naval capabilities there out of action. By 1990 and early 1991 virtually all Eritrean territory had been liberated by the EPLF except for the capital, whose only connection with the rest of government-held Ethiopia during the last year of the war was by an air-bridge. In 1991, the Ethiopian army finally capitulated and its leader Mengistu Hailemariam fled to Zimbabwe where he resides to this day. Eritrean rebels entered the capital Asmara and began to govern Eritrea on May 24, 1991. The new Ethiopian government, consisting of a coalition of Ethiopian resistance and separatist movements allied with Eritrea's rebels, conceded Eritrea's demand to have an internationally (UN) supervised referendum dubbed UNOVER to be held in Eritrea. This took place in April 1993 with an overwhelming vote by Eritreans for independence. Independence was declared on May 24, 1993.

 

Independence

Upon Eritrea's declaration of independence, the leader of the EPLF, Isaias Afewerki, became Eritrea's first Provisional President, and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (later renamed the People's Front for Democracy and Justice, or PFDJ) created a government.

 

Faced with limited economic resources and a country shattered by decades of war, the government embarked on a reconstruction and defense effort, later called the Warsai Yikalo Program, based on the labour of national servicemen and women. It is still continuing and deploys the conscripted, which is drawn from anyone male or female who has graduated high school, into a combination of duties ranging from military service to construction projects, health care, teaching and training/education as well as agricultural work to improve the country's food security.

 

The government also attempts to tap into the resources of the Eritreans living abroad by levying a 2% tax on the gross income of those who wish to gain full economic rights and access as citizens in Eritrea (land ownership, business licenses and other privileges for nationals etc), while at the same time encouraging tourism and investment both from Eritreans living abroad and other foreign investors. This has been complicated by Eritrea's tumultuous relations with its neighbours, lack of stability and subsequent political problems.

 

Eritrea severed diplomatic relations with Sudan in 1994, citing that the latter was hosting Islamic terrorist groups to destabilize Eritrea, and both countries entered into an acrimonious relationship, each accusing the other of hosting various opposition rebel groups or "terrorists" and soliciting outside support to destabilize the other. Diplomatic relations were resumed in 2005 following a reconciliation agreement reached with the help of Qatar's negotiation in 1999.[29][30] Eritrea now plays a prominent role in the internal Sudanese peace and reconciliation effort.

 

Perhaps the conflict with the deepest impact on independent Eritrea has been the renewed hostility with Ethiopia. In 1998, a border war with Ethiopia over the town of Badme occurred. The Eritrean-Ethiopian War ended in 2000 with a negotiated agreement known as the Algiers Agreement, which assigned an independent, UN-associated boundary commission known as the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), whose task was to clearly identify the border between the two countries and issue a final and binding ruling. Along with the agreement the UN established a temporary security zone consisting of a 25-kilometre demilitarized buffer zone within Eritrea, running along the length of the disputed border between the two states and patrolled by UN troops in the mission named UNMEE. Ethiopia was to withdraw to positions held before the outbreak of hostilities in May 1998. The peace agreement would be completed with the implementation of the Border Commission's ruling, also ending the task of the peacekeeping mission of UNMEE. The EEBC's verdict came in April 2002, which awarded Badme to Eritrea. However, Ethiopia refused to withdraw its military from positions in the disputed areas, including Badme, and also refused to implement the EEBC's ruling, and the dispute is ongoing.

 

Eritrea's diplomatic relations with Djibouti were briefly severed during the border war with Ethiopia in 1998 due to a dispute over Djibouti's intimate relation with Ethiopia during the war but were restored and normalized in 2000. Relations are again tense due to a renewed border dispute. Similarly, Eritrea and Yemen had a border conflict between 1996 to 1998 over the Hanish Islands and the maritime border, which was resolved in 2000 by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague.

 

Geography

Eritrea is located in Northeast Africa, more specifically in the Horn of Africa, and is bordered on the northeast and east by the Red Sea. The country is virtually bisected by one of the world's longest mountain ranges, formed by the processes that formed the Great Rift Valley, with fertile lands to the west, descending to desert in the east. Eritrea, at the southern end of the Red Sea, is the home of the fork in the rift. The Dahlak Archipelago and its fishing grounds are situated off the sandy and arid coastline. The land to the south, in the highlands, is slightly drier and cooler.

 

The Afar Triangle or Danakil Depression of Eritrea is the probable location of a triple junction where three tectonic plates are pulling away from one another: the Arabian Plate, and the two parts of the African Plate (the Nubian and the Somali plate) splitting along the East African Rift Zone (USGS). The highest point of the country, Emba Soira, is located in the center of Eritrea, at 3,018 meters (9,902 ft) above sea level.

 

The main cities of the country are the capital city of Asmara and the port town of Asseb in the southeast, as well as the towns of Massawa to the east, and Keren to the north.

 

Other Info

Oficial Name:

tir: ሃግሬ ኤርትራ (Hagəre Ertra)

ara: دولة إرتريا (Dawlâtu Iritriyā)

Hagere Ertra

 

Independence:

May 24, 1991

-de jure May 24, 1993

 

Area:

121.320 km2

 

Inhabitants:

4.906.585

 

Language:

Afar [aar] 160,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Southern Eritrea. May also be in Somalia. Alternate names: Afaraf, "Danakil", "Denkel". Dialects: Central Afar, Northern Afar, Aussa, Ba'adu. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Saho-Afar

More information.

 

Arabic, Hijazi Spoken [acw] Red Sea coast. Alternate names: Hijazi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

More information.

 

Arabic, Standard [arb] Middle East, North Africa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

More information.

 

Bedawi [bej] 150,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population includes 20,000 Hadendoa (1970 Bendor). Alternate names: Bedàwie, Beja, Bedawiye, Bedawye, Bedauye, Bedwi, Bedya, Bedja, Lobat. Dialects: Hadareb (Hadaareb), Bisharin (Bisarin, Bisariab), Hadendoa (Hadendowa), Beni-Amir, Ababda, Amara. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, North

More information.

 

Bilen [byn] 70,000 (1995). Central Eritrea, in and around the town of Keren. Alternate names: Bogo, Bogos, Bilayn, Bilin, Balen, Beleni, Belen, Bilein, Bileno, North Agaw. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Central, Northern

More information.

 

English [eng] Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English

More information.

 

Italian [ita] A few monolinguals. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

More information.

 

Kunama [kun] 107,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population includes 1,000 in Ilit, 600 in Odasa. Population total all countries: 108,883. Western Eritrea, on the Gash and Setit rivers, Sudan border and into Tigray Province. Barka is south of Barentu; Marda is north, northeast, and east of Barentu and in Barentu; Aimara is west of Barentu; Laki-Tukura is south of Aimara, west of Barka; Tika is south of Laki-Tukura, west of Barka. None in Sudan. Also spoken in Ethiopia. Alternate names: Baza, Baaza, Bazen, Baazen, Baazayn, Baden, Baaden, Bada, Baada, Cunama, Diila. Dialects: Barka (Berka), Marda, Aimara (Aaimasa, Aymasa, Odasa), Tika (Tiika, Lakatakura-Tika), Ilit (Iliit, Iiliit, Iilit), Bitama (Bitaama), Sokodasa (Sogodas, Sogadas), Takazze-Setiit (Setiit, Setit), Tigray. Bitama and Ilit are nearly unintelligible to speakers of other Kunama. Barka is the largest dialect and intelligible to speakers of all others. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Kunama

More information.

 

Nara [nrb] 80,000 (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). In and north of Barentu, western Eritrea, adjoining Kunama territory which is to the south. Alternate names: Nera, "Barea", "Barya", "Baria", Higir, Koyta, Mogareb, Santora. Dialects: Considerable dialect variation within the four main groups: Higir, Mogareb, Koyta, Santora. Little intelligibility of Kunama. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Eastern, Nara

More information.

 

Saho [ssy] 180,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population total all countries: 202,759. Southern Eritrea. Also spoken in Ethiopia. Alternate names: Sao, Shaho, Shoho, Shiho. Dialects: Very close to Afar. The Irob dialect is only in Ethiopia. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Saho-Afar

More information.

 

Tigré [tig] 800,000 in Eritrea (1997 census). Also spoken in Sudan. Alternate names: Khasa, Xasa. Dialects: Mansa' (Mensa). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North

More information.

 

Tigrigna [tir] 1,200,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). South and central Eritrea. Alternate names: Tigrinya, Tigray. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North

More information.

  

Extinct languages

Geez [gez] Extinct. Alternate names: Ancient Ethiopic, Ethiopic, Ge'ez, Giiz. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North

 

Capital city:

Asmara

 

Meaning country name:

Named by Italian colonizers, from the Latin name for the Red Sea "Mare Erythraeum" ("Erythraean Sea") which in turn derived from the ancient Greek name for the Red Sea: "Erythrea Thalassa".

 

Description Flag:

The current flag of Eritrea was adopted on December 5, 1995, and uses the basic layout of the flag of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, with the wreath with upright olive branch symbol derived from the 1952 flag.

The flag is dominated by a red triangle extending from the hoist to the fly with complementary green and blue triangles above and below. Green stands for the fertility of the country respectively for agriculture; blue stands for the ocean and red for the blood lost in the fight for freedom. In the red triangle a yellow wreath symbol with 14 leaves on each side derived from the 1952 flag replaces the yellow star of the EPLF flag. The use of triangles is also important, because reading the flag from left to right it is important to note that the red shrinks which represents that in the end Eritrea will see peace and blood will no longer be spilled for the nation.

 

Coat of arms:

The Coat of Arms of Eritrea was adopted May 24, 1993, on the date of declaration of independence. It shows a dromedary in natural colors surrounded by an olive wreath. On the bottom is a band with the name of the nation in the official languages - English in the middle, Tigrinya on the left and Arabic on the right.

 

National Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra ,

Tigrinya: ኤርትራ ኤርትራ ኤርትራ

 

Tigrinya

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ ኤርትራ፡

በዓል ደማ እናልቀሰ ተደምሲሱ፡

መስዋእታ ብሓርነት ተደቢሱ።

  

መዋእል ነኺሳ ኣብ ዕላማ፡

ትእምርቲ ጽንዓት ኰይኑ ስማ፡

ኤርትራ'ዛ ሓበን ውጹዓት፡

ኣመስኪራ ሓቂ ከምትዕወት፡

  

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ (ክልተ ግዜ)

ኣብ ዓለም ጨቢጣቶ ግቡእ ክብራ።

 

ናጽነት ዘምጽኦ ልዑል ኒሕ፡

ንህንጻ ንልምዓት ክንሰርሕ፡

ስልጣኔ ከነልብሳ ግርማ

ሕድሪ'ሎና ግምጃ ክንስልማ፡

 

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ (ክልተ ግዜ)

ኣብ ዓለም ጨቢጣቶ ግቡእ ክብራ።

 

Tigrinya with Romanization

 

Ertra, Ertra, Ertra,

Beal dema'nalkese tedemsisu,

Meswaéta bharnet tdebisu.

 

Mewaél nekhisa'b élame,

TémErti tsnt koynu sma,

Ertra za haben wtsuAt,

Ameskira haki kem téwet.

 

Ertra, Ertra,

Abalem chebitato gbué kbra.

 

Natsänet zemtsä’ lä‘ul nihh,

N'hntsa n'lm‘at k'serihh,

S'lthane k'nelbsa grma,

Hihdri-lena gmja k'nslma.

 

Ertra, Ertra,

Abalem chebitato gbué kbra.

  

English translation

Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,

Her enemy decimated,

and her sacrifices vindicated by liberation.

 

Steadfast in her goal,

symbolizing endurance,

Eritrea, the pride of her oppressed people,

proved that the truth prevails.

 

Eritrea, Eritrea,

holds her rightful place in the world.

 

Dedication that led to liberation,

Will buildup and make her green,

We shall honour her with progress,

We have a word to her to embellish.

 

Eritrea, Eritrea,

holds her rightful place in the world.

 

Internet Page: www.eritreaeritrea.com

www.shabait.com

 

eritrea in diferent languages

 

eng | afr | arg | ast | bre | cat | ces | cor | cym | dan | est | eus | fao | fin | glg | glv | hun | ibo | ina | ita | jav | jnf | lim | lld | mlg | mlt | nld | nor | roh | rup | slk | sme | spa | sqi | srd | swa | swe | tgl | vor: Eritrea

dsb | hrv | hsb | lav | slv: Eritreja

crh | kaa | uzb: Eritreya / Эритрея

deu | ltz | nds: Eritrea / Eritrea; Erythräa / Erythräa

hat | tur | zza: Eritre

hau | kin | run: Eritreya

ind | msa: Eritrea / اريتريا

pol | szl: Erytrea

aze: Eritreya / Еритреја

bam: Eritire

bos: Eritreja / Еритреја

epo: Eritreo

fra: Érythrée

frp: Èritrê

fur: Eritree

gla: Ertra

gle: An Eiritré / An Eiritré

haw: ʻElikilea

isl: Erítrea

kmr: Êrîtrê / Еритре / ئێریترێ

kur: Erître / ئەریترە

lat: Erythraea

lin: Elitré

lit: Eritrėja

mol: Eritreea / Еритрея

nrm: Éritraée

oci: Eritrèa

por: Eritreia / Eritréia

que: Iritrya

rmy: Eritreya / एरित्रेया

ron: Eritreea

scn: Eritrìa

slo: Eritrea / Еритреа

smg: Eritrėjė

smo: Eriteria

som: Ereteeriya; Eriteeriya; Eretareeya

tet: Eritreia

tuk: Eritreýa / Эритрея

vie: Ê-ri-tơ-rê-a

vol: Lerüträn

wln: Eritrêye

wol: Eritere

abq | alt | che | chm | kir | kjh | kom | krc | kum | rus | tyv | udm: Эритрея (Ėritreja)

bak: Эритрея / Eritreya

bel: Эрытрэя / Erytreja

bul: Еритрея (Eritreja)

chv: Эритрейӑ (Ėritrejă)

kaz: Эритрея / Erïtreya / ەريترەيا

kbd: Эритрея (Ăritreja)

mkd: Еритреа (Eritrea)

mon: Эритрей (Äritrej)

oss: Эритрей (Ėritrej)

srp: Еритреја / Eritreja

tat: Эритрея / Eritreä

tgk: Эритрея / اریتریه / Eritreja

ukr: Еритрея (Erytreja)

ara: إريتريا (Irītriyā); أريتريا (Arītriyā); إرتريا (Iritriyā); أرتريا (Aritriyā); إرتيريا (Irtīriyā); أرتيريا (Artīriyā)

fas: اریتره (Erītre)

prs: اریتریا (Erītriyā)

pus: اريتريا (Irītriyā); اېريتريا (Erītriyā)

uig: ئېرىترېيە / Éritréye / Эритрея

urd: اریٹریا (Irīṫriyā); ارٹریا (Iriṫriyā); اریٹیریا (Irīṫīriyā)

div: އެރިތްރިއާ (Eritri'ā)

heb: אריטראה (Erîṭreʾah); אריטריאה (Erîṭrêʾah); אריתריאה (Erîtrêʾah)

lad: איריטריאה / Eritrea

yid: עריטרײאַ (Eritreya)

amh | tir: ኤርትራ (Ertra)

ell-dhi: Ερυθραία (Eryṯraía)

ell-kat: Ἐρυθραία (Eryṯraía)

hye: Էրիտրեա (Ēritrea)

kat: ერიტრეა (Eritrea)

hin: इरिट्रिया (Iriṭriyā); एरिट्रिया (Eriṭriyā); एरीट्रिया (Erīṭriyā)

ben: ইরিত্রিয়া (Iritriyā); এরিট্রিয়া (Eriṭriyā)

pan: ਈਰਿਟਰੀਆ (Īriṭrīā)

kan: ಎರಿಟ್ರಿಯ (Eriṭriya)

mal: എരിട്രിയ (Eriṭriya)

tam: எரித்திரியா (Erittiriyā); எரித்ரியா (Eritriyā)

tel: ఎరిట్రియా (Eriṭriyā)

zho: 厄立特里亞/厄里特尼亚 (Èlǐtèlíyà)

jpn: エリトリア (Eritoria)

kor: 에리트레아 (Eriteuraea)

mya: အီရီထရီးယား (Iẏitʰáẏìyà)

tha: เอริเทรีย (Ēritʰriya)

khm: អេរីទ្រា (Erītrā)

 

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas’ Robyn Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas’ Robyn Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, February 14, 2011 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and last promotion ends on Thursday, March 31, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PT (the “Promotion Periods”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS. “The Cosmopolitan’s Robyn Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

-Begins at or around 2:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 14, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 18, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 21, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 24, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 28, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 3, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 14, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 17, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 28, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 31, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. Each winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to Robyn's concert taking place on April 14, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by April 14, 2011 (date of show). Robyn general admission concert tickets are valued at twenty five dollars ($25.00) each, with a total value for each prize (2 tickets) totaling fifty dollars ($50.00). There will be five (5) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to Robyn's concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value of two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with the game question/challenge.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. Starting on February 18, 2011, winners will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information stated HOW TO ENTER section AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification with their mailing address by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadlines to claim prize are stated below for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan’s Robyn Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification periods run as follows:

 

-February 14-18, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winners will be selected and notified on February 18, 2011 and winners have until February 19, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-February 21-24, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 25, 2011 and winners have until February 26, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-February 28-March 3, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on March 4, 2011and winner has until March 5, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-March 14-17, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on March 18, 2011 and winners have until March 19, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-March 28-31, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on April 1, 2011 and winners have until April 2, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Robyn Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 4/4/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of the list.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

  

Brazilians, known for their natural positive attitudes towards life in general, have demonstrated to be really proud and happy with the news that President Obama is going to be in the country this coming week-end.

 

Obama's agenda includes events in Brasilia on Saturday, and in Rio de Janeiro de following morning.

 

It is said he is scheduled to give a speech for the Brazilian people on Cinelândia Square, in dawntown Rio.

A visit to the Christ The Redeemer and to a favela are also on the program.

 

AIR TRANSPORT AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

   

The Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil

   

and

   

The Government of the United States of America

 

(hereinafter, the “Parties");

   

Desiring to promote an international aviation system based on competition among airlines in the marketplace with minimum government interference and regulation;

   

Desiring to make it possible for airlines to offer the traveling and shipping public a variety of service options, and wishing to encourage individual airlines to develop and implement innovative and competitive prices;

   

Desiring to facilitate the expansion of international air transport opportunities;

   

Desiring to ensure the highest degree of safety and security in international air transport and reaffirming their grave concern about acts or threats against the security of aircraft, which jeopardize the safety of persons or property, adversely affect the operation of air transportation, and undermine public confidence in the safety of civil aviation; and

   

Being Parties to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, done at Chicago December 7, 1944;

   

Have agreed as follows:

   

Article 1

 

Definitions

   

For the purposes of this Agreement, unless otherwise stated, the term:

   

1) "Aeronautical authorities" means, in the case of the United States , the Department of Transportation and in the case of Brazil , the National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC), and any person or agency authorized to perform functions exercised by the Department of Transportation or said National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC);

   

2) "Agreement" means this Agreement and any amendments thereto;

   

3) "Air transportation" means the public carriage by aircraft of passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail, separately or in combination, scheduled or charter, for remuneration or hire;

   

4) “Airline of a Party” means an airline that has received its Air Operator’s Certificate (AOC) from and has its principal place of business in the territory of that Party;

   

5) “Convention” means the Convention on International Civil Aviation, done at Chicago December 7, 1944, and includes:

   

a. any amendment that has entered into force under Article 94(a) of the Convention and has been ratified by both Parties, and

   

b. any Annex or any amendment thereto adopted under Article 90 of the Convention, insofar as such Annex or amendment is at any given time effective for both Parties;

   

6) "Full cost" means the cost of providing service plus a reasonable charge for administrative overhead;

   

7) "International air transportation" means air transportation that passes through the airspace over the territory of more than one State;

   

8) "Price" means any fare, rate, or charge for the carriage of passengers, baggage, or cargo (excluding mail) in air transportation, including surface transportation in connection with international air transportation, charged by airlines, including their agents, and the conditions governing the availability of such fare, rate, or charge;

   

9) "Stop for non-traffic purposes" means a landing for any purpose other than taking on or discharging passengers, baggage, cargo, or mail in air transportation;

   

10) "Territory" means the land areas, internal waters, and territorial sea under the sovereignty of a Party; and

   

11) "User charge" means a charge imposed on airlines for the provision of airport, airport environmental, air navigation, or aviation security facilities or services, including related services and facilities.

   

Article 2

 

Grant of Rights

   

1. Each Party grants to the other Party the following rights for the conduct of international air transportation by the airlines of the other Party:

   

a) the right to fly across its territory without landing;

   

b) the right to make stops in its territory for non-traffic purposes;

   

c) the right to perform international air transportation between points on the following routes:

   

i. for airlines of the United States, from points behind the United States via the United States and intermediate points to any point or points in Brazil and beyond;

   

ii. for airlines of Brazil, from points behind Brazil via Brazil and intermediate points to any point or points in the United States and beyond; and

   

d) the rights otherwise specified in this Agreement.

   

2. Each airline of a Party may, on any or all flights and at its option:

   

a) operate flights in either or both directions;

   

b) combine different flight numbers within one aircraft operation;

   

c) serve behind, intermediate, and beyond points and points in the territories of the Parties in any combination and in any order;

   

d) omit stops at any point or points;

   

e) transfer traffic from any of its aircraft to any of its other aircraft at any point;

   

f) serve points behind any point in its territory with or without change of aircraft or flight number and hold out and advertise such services to the public as through services;

   

g) make stopovers at any points whether within or outside the territory of either Party;

   

h) carry transit traffic through the other Party’s territory; and

   

i) combine traffic on the same aircraft regardless of where such traffic originates;

   

without directional or geographic limitation and without loss of any right to carry traffic otherwise permissible under this Agreement, provided that the transportation is part of a service that serves a point in the homeland of the airline.

   

3. On any segment or segments of the routes above, any airline of a Party may perform international air transportation without any limitation as to change, at any point on the route, in type or number of aircraft operated, provided that in the outbound direction, the transportation beyond such point is a continuation of the transportation from the homeland of the airline and, in the inbound direction, the transportation to the homeland of the airline is a continuation of the transportation from beyond such point.

   

4. Nothing in this Article shall be deemed to confer on the airline or airlines of one Party the rights to take on board, in the territory of the other Party, passengers, baggage, cargo, or mail carried for compensation and destined for another point in the territory of that other Party.

   

Charter Operations

   

5. Each Party shall authorize passenger, cargo, and combination charter operations without limitation on the number of flights. Nothing in this paragraph shall limit the rights of a Party to require airlines of both Parties to adhere to requirements relating to the protection of passenger funds and passenger cancellation and refund rights.

   

Article 3

 

Authorization

   

Each Party, on receipt of applications from an airline of the other Party, in the form and manner prescribed for operating authorizations and technical permissions, shall grant appropriate authorizations and permissions with minimum procedural delay, provided that:

   

a) substantial ownership and effective control of that airline are vested in the other Party, nationals of that Party, or both;

   

b) the airline is qualified to meet the conditions prescribed under the laws and regulations normally applied to the operation of international air transportation by the Party considering the application or applications; and

   

c) the other Party is maintaining and administering the provisions set forth in Article 6 (Safety) and Article 7 (Aviation Security) of this Agreement.

   

Article 4

 

Revocation of Authorization

   

1. Either Party may revoke, suspend or limit the operating authorizations or technical permissions of an airline where:

   

a) that airline is not an airline of the other Party under Article 1(4);

   

b) substantial ownership and effective control of that airline are not vested in the other Party, the Party's nationals, or both; or

   

c) that airline has failed to comply with the laws and regulations referred to in Article 5 (Application of Laws) of this Agreement.

   

2. Unless immediate action is essential to prevent further noncompliance with subparagraph 1c of this Article, the rights established by this Article shall be exercised only after consultation with the other Party.

   

3. This Article does not limit the rights of either Party to withhold, revoke, suspend, limit or impose conditions on the operating authorization or technical permission of an airline or airlines of the other Party in accordance with the provisions of Article 6 (Safety) or Article 7 (Aviation Security) of this Agreement.

   

Article 5

 

Application of Laws

   

1. The laws and regulations of a Party relating to the admission to or departure from its territory of aircraft engaged in international air navigation, or to the operation and navigation of such aircraft while within its territory, shall be complied with by such aircraft upon entering, when departing from, or while within the territory of the first Party.

   

2. While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one Party, its laws and regulations relating to the admission to or departure from its territory of passengers, crew or cargo on aircraft (including regulations relating to entry, clearance, aviation security, immigration, passports, customs, and quarantine or, in the case of mail, postal regulations) shall be complied with by, or on behalf of, such passengers, crew or cargo of the other Party's airlines.

   

Article 6

 

Safety

   

1. Each Party shall recognize as valid, for the purpose of operating the air transportation provided for in this Agreement, certificates of airworthiness, certificates of competency, and licenses issued or validated by the other Party and still in force, provided that the requirements for such certificates or licenses at least equal the minimum standards that may be established pursuant to the Convention. Each Party may, however, refuse to recognize as valid for the purpose of flight above its own territory, certificates of competency and licenses granted to or validated for its own nationals by the other Party.

   

2. Either Party may request consultations concerning the safety standards maintained by the other Party relating to aeronautical facilities, aircrews, aircraft, and operation of airlines of that other Party

   

3. If, following such consultations, one Party finds that the other Party does not effectively maintain and administer the safety standards and requirements in the areas referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article that at least equal the minimum standards that may be established pursuant to the Convention, the other Party shall be notified of such findings and the steps considered necessary to conform with these minimum standards, and the other Party shall take appropriate corrective action within a reasonable time period.

   

4. Each Party reserves the right to withhold, revoke, suspend, limit, or impose conditions on the operating authorization or technical permission of an airline or airlines of the other Party in the event the other Party does not take such appropriate corrective action within a reasonable time and to take immediate action, prior to consultations, as to such airline or airlines if the other Party is not maintaining and administering the standards referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article and immediate action is essential to prevent further noncompliance.

   

5. Any action by one Party in accordance with paragraph 4 above shall be discontinued once the basis for the taking of that action ceases to exist.

   

6. With reference to paragraphs 3 and 4, if it is determined that one Party remains in non compliance with ICAO standards when a reasonable time period has elapsed, the Secretary General of ICAO should be advised thereof. The latter should also be advised of the subsequent satisfactory resolution of the situation.

   

Article 7

 

Aviation Security

   

1. The Parties affirm that their obligation to each other to protect the security of civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference forms an integral part of this Agreement. Without limiting the generality of their rights and obligations under international law, the Parties shall in particular act in conformity with the provisions of the Convention on Offenses and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft, done at Tokyo September 14, 1963, the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, done at The Hague December 16, 1970, the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, done at Montreal September 23, 1971, the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, done at Montreal February 24, 1988, and the Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection, done at Montreal March 1, 1991, as well as with any other convention relating to the security of civil aviation that is binding on both Parties.

   

2. The Parties shall provide upon request all necessary assistance to each other to prevent acts of unlawful seizure of civil aircraft and other unlawful acts against the safety of such aircraft, of their passengers and crew, and of airports and air navigation facilities, and to address any other threat to the security of civil air navigation.

   

3. The Parties shall, in their mutual relations, act in conformity with the aviation security standards and appropriate recommended practices established by the International Civil Aviation Organization and designated as Annexes to the Convention; they shall require that operators of aircraft of their registry, operators of aircraft that have their principal place of business or permanent residence in their territory, and the operators of airports in their territory act in conformity with such aviation security provisions.

   

4. Each Party agrees that such operators of aircraft may be required to observe the security provisions required by the other Party for entry into, for departure from, and while within the territory of that other Party and to take adequate measures to protect aircraft and to inspect passengers, crew, and their baggage and carry-on items, as well as cargo and aircraft stores, prior to and during boarding or loading. Each Party shall also give positive consideration to any request from the other Party for special security measures to meet a particular threat.

   

5. When an incident or threat of an incident of unlawful seizure of aircraft or other unlawful acts against the safety of passengers, crew, aircraft, airports or air navigation facilities occurs, the Parties shall assist each other by facilitating communications and other appropriate measures intended to terminate rapidly and safely such incident or threat.

   

6. Each Party shall allow, within sixty (60) days following notice, the appropriate authorities of the other Party to conduct an assessment in the territory of the first Party of the security measures being carried out by aircraft operators in respect of flights between the territories of the Parties and those flights of aircraft operators with a registry in the territory of the Party conducting the assessment. The administrative arrangements for the conduct of such assessments shall be agreed between the appropriate authorities of the Parties and implemented without delay so as to ensure that assessments will be conducted expeditiously. The assessment reports will be held in confidence by the Parties.

   

7. With full regard for each Party’s responsibility for ensuring effective implementation of the Standards and appropriate Recommended Practices set forth in Annex 17 to the Convention, and as recognized in paragraph 3 of this Article, the Parties shall have the right, and shall provide all necessary assistance to each other, for their appropriate authorities to conduct technical airport security visits in the territory of the other Party for the purpose of verifying that the security measures required under Annex 17 to the Convention are effectively being carried out. The appropriate authorities of the Parties shall coordinate such visits, providing each other at least sixty (60) days written notice, to identify the airports to be visited, the dates of the visits, and the scope of each visit. The reports from technical airport security visits will be held in confidence by the Parties.

   

8. When a Party has reasonable grounds to believe that the other Party has departed from the aviation security provisions of this Article, the aeronautical authorities of that Party may request immediate consultations with the aeronautical authorities of the other Party. Failure to reach a satisfactory agreement within 15 days from the date of such request shall constitute grounds to withhold, revoke, suspend, limit, or impose conditions on the operating authorization and technical permissions of an airline or airlines of that Party. When required by an emergency, a Party may take interim action prior to the expiry of 15 days.

   

Article 8

 

Commercial Opportunities

   

1. Each Party shall accord airlines of the other Party the right to sell and market international air services in its territory directly, or through agents or other intermediaries of the airline's choice, including the right to establish offices.

   

2. Each airline shall have the right to sell air transportation in the currency of that territory, or in freely convertible currencies of other countries, and any person shall be free to purchase such transportation in currencies accepted by that airline.

    

3. An airline of a Party may engage in the sale of air transportation in the territory of the other Party directly and, at the airline's discretion, through its agents, except as may be specifically provided by the charter regulations of the country in which the charter originates that relate to the protection of passenger funds, and passenger cancellation and refund rights. Each airline shall have the right to sell such transportation, and any person shall be free to purchase such transportation, in the currency of that territory or in freely convertible currencies.

   

Airline Representatives

   

4. The airlines of each Party shall be entitled, on the basis of reciprocity, and in accordance with the laws and regulations of the other Party relating to entry, residence, and employment, to bring in and maintain in the territory of the other Party managerial, sales, technical, operational, and other specialist staff required for the provision of air transportation.

   

5. These staff requirements may, at the option of the airline or airlines of one Party, be satisfied by its own personnel or by using the services of any other organization, company or airline operating in the territory of the other Party and authorized to perform such services for other airlines.

   

6. The representatives and staff shall be subject to the laws and regulations in force of the other Party, and consistent with such laws and regulations:

   

a) each Party intends, with the minimum of delay, to adjudicate the necessary employment authorizations, visitor visas or other similar documents to the representatives and staff referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article; and

   

b) both Parties intend to facilitate and expedite the requirement of employment authorizations for personnel performing certain temporary duties not exceeding ninety (90) days.

   

Ground-handling

   

7. Each airline shall have the right to perform its own ground-handling in the territory of the other Party ("self-handling") or, at the airline’s option, select among competing agents for such services in whole or in part. The rights shall be subject only to physical constraints resulting from considerations of physical limitations of facilities and airport safety. Where such considerations preclude self-handling, ground services shall be available on a non-discriminatory basis to all airlines; charges shall be based on the costs of services provided; and such services shall be comparable to the kind and quality of services as if self-handling were possible.

   

Currency Conversion and Remittance of Earnings

   

8. Each airline shall have the right to convert and remit to its country and, except where inconsistent with generally applicable law or regulation, any other country or countries of its choice, on demand, local revenues in excess of sums locally disbursed. Conversion and remittance shall be permitted promptly without restrictions or taxation in respect thereof at the rate of exchange applicable to current transactions and remittance on the date the carrier makes the initial application for remittance.

   

9. The conversion and remittance of such revenues shall be permitted in conformity with the applicable laws and regulations, provided that such laws and regulations do not diminish the rights granted by this Agreement and such transactions are not subject to any administrative or exchange charges except those normally made by banks for the carrying out of such conversion and remittance.

   

10. The provisions of this Article do not exempt the airlines of either Party from the duties, taxes and contributions to which they are subject, provided that such duties, taxes and contributions do not diminish the rights granted by this Agreement.

   

11. The airlines of each Party shall be permitted to pay for local expenses, including purchases of fuel, in the territory of the other Party in local currency. At their discretion, the airlines of each Party may pay for such expenses in the territory of the other Party in freely convertible currencies according to local currency regulation.

   

Code Sharing

   

12. In operating or holding out the authorized services under this Agreement, any airline of one Party may enter into cooperative marketing arrangements such as blocked-space, code-sharing, or leasing arrangements, with:

   

a) an airline or airlines of either Party;

   

b) an airline or airlines of a third country; and

   

c) a surface transportation provider of any country;

   

provided that all participants in such arrangements (i) hold the appropriate authority and (ii) meet the requirements normally applied to such arrangements.

   

Intermodal Services

   

13. Airlines and indirect providers of cargo transportation of both Parties shall be permitted, without restriction, to employ in connection with international air transportation any surface transportation for cargo to or from any points in the territories of the Parties or in third countries, including to and from all airports with customs facilities and to transport cargo in bond under applicable laws and regulations. Such cargo, whether moving by surface or by air, shall have access to airport customs processing and facilities. Airlines may elect to perform their own surface transportation or to provide it through arrangements with other surface carriers, including surface transportation operated by other airlines and indirect providers of cargo air transportation. Such intermodal cargo services may be offered at a single, through price for the air and surface transportation combined, provided that shippers are not misled as to the facts concerning such transportation.

   

Article 9

 

Customs Duties and Charges

   

1. On arriving in the territory of one Party, aircraft operated in international air transportation by the airlines of the other Party, their regular equipment, ground equipment, fuel, lubricants, consumable technical supplies, spare parts (including engines), aircraft stores (including but not limited to such items of food, beverages and liquor, tobacco, and other products destined for sale to or use by passengers in limited quantities during flight), and other items intended for or used solely in connection with the operation or servicing of aircraft engaged in international air transportation shall be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity, from all import restrictions, property taxes and capital levies, customs duties, excise taxes, and similar fees and charges that are (a) imposed by the national authorities, and (b) not based on the cost of services provided, provided that such equipment and supplies remain on board the aircraft.

   

2. There shall also be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity, from the taxes, levies, duties, fees, and charges referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, with the exception of charges based on the cost of the service provided:

   

a) aircraft stores introduced into or supplied in the territory of a Party and taken on board, within reasonable limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an airline of the other Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these stores are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the territory of the Party in which they are taken on board;

   

b) ground equipment and spare parts (including engines) introduced into the territory of a Party for the servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft of an airline of the other Party used in international air transportation;

   

c) fuel, lubricants, and consumable technical supplies introduced into or supplied in the territory of a Party for use in an aircraft of an airline of the other Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these supplies are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the territory of the Party in which they are taken on board; and

   

d) promotional and advertising materials introduced into or supplied in the territory of one Party and taken on board, within reasonable limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an airline of the other Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these materials are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the territory of the Party in which they are taken on board.

   

3. Equipment and supplies referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article may be required to be kept under the supervision or control of the appropriate authorities.

   

4. The exemptions provided by this Article shall also be available where the airlines of one Party have contracted with another airline, which similarly enjoys such exemptions from the other Party, for the loan or transfer in the territory of the other Party of the items specified in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.

   

Article 10

 

User Charges

   

1. User charges that may be imposed by the competent charging authorities or bodies of each Party on the airlines of the other Party shall be just, reasonable, not unjustly discriminatory, and equitably apportioned among categories of users. In any event, any such user charges shall be assessed on the airlines of the other Party on terms not less favorable than the most favorable terms available to any other airline at the time the charges are assessed.

   

2. User charges imposed on the airlines of the other Party may reflect, but shall not exceed, the full cost to the competent charging authorities or bodies of providing the appropriate airport, airport environmental, air navigation, and aviation security facilities and services at the airport or within the airport system. Such charges may include a reasonable return on assets, after depreciation. Facilities and services for which charges are made shall be provided on an efficient and economic basis.

   

3. Each Party shall encourage consultations between the competent charging authorities or bodies in its territory and the airlines using the services and facilities, and shall encourage the competent charging authorities or bodies and the airlines to exchange such information as may be necessary to permit an accurate review of the reasonableness of the charges in accordance with the principles of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article. Each Party shall encourage the competent charging authorities to provide users with reasonable notice of any proposal for changes in user charges to enable users to express their views before changes are made.

   

4. Neither Party shall be held, in dispute resolution procedures pursuant to Article 15 of this Agreement, to be in breach of a provision of this Article, unless (a) it fails to undertake a review of the charge or practice that is the subject of complaint by the other Party within a reasonable amount of time; or (b) following such a review it fails to take all steps within its power to remedy any charge or practice that is inconsistent with this Article.

   

Article 11

 

Competition

   

1. Each Party shall allow a fair and equal opportunity for the airlines of both Parties to compete in providing the international air transportation governed by this Agreement.

   

Capacity

   

2. Each Party shall allow each airline to determine the frequency and capacity of the international air transportation it offers based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace. Consistent with this right, neither Party shall unilaterally limit the volume of traffic, frequency, or regularity of service, or the aircraft type or types operated by the airlines of the other Party, except as may be required for customs, technical, operational, or environmental reasons under uniform conditions consistent with Article 15 of the Convention.

   

3. Neither Party shall impose on the other Party's airlines a first-refusal requirement, uplift ratio, no-objection fee, or any other requirement with respect to capacity, frequency, or traffic that would be inconsistent with the purposes of this Agreement.

   

4. Neither Party shall require the filing of schedules, programs for charter flights, or operational plans by airlines of the other Party for approval, except as may be required on a non-discriminatory basis to enforce the uniform conditions foreseen by paragraph 2 of this Article or as may be specifically authorized in this Agreement. If a Party requires filings for information purposes, it shall minimize the administrative burdens of filing requirements and procedures on air transportation intermediaries and on airlines of the other Party.

 

Article 12

 

Pricing

   

1. Each Party shall allow prices for air transportation to be established by airlines of both Parties based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace.

   

2. Either Party may require notification to or filing with its aeronautical authorities of prices to be charged to or from its territory by airlines of the other Party. Such notification or filing by the airlines may be required to be made no earlier than the initial offering of a price.

   

Article 13

 

Consultations

   

Either Party may, at any time, request consultations relating to this Agreement. Such consultations shall begin at the earliest possible date, but not later than 60 days from the date the other Party receives the request unless otherwise agreed.

   

Article 14

 

Amendment

   

The Parties may amend this Agreement, at any time, in writing. Such amendments shall enter into force on the date of receipt of the later note in an exchange of diplomatic notes between the Parties confirming that all necessary internal procedures for entry into force of the amendments have been completed.

   

Article 15

 

Settlement of Disputes

   

Any dispute arising under this Agreement, except those that may arise under Article 12 (Pricing) of this Agreement, that is not resolved within 30 days of the date established for consultations pursuant to a request under Article 13 of this Agreement, shall be settled through diplomatic channels and, if not settled, be referred by agreement of the Parties to mediation. If the Parties do not so agree, the dispute shall be submitted to arbitration at the request of either Party, upon written notice through diplomatic channels. Arbitration shall be carried out in accordance with the procedures agreed to by the Parties.

   

Article 16

 

Termination

   

Either Party may, at any time, give notice in writing, through diplomatic channels, to the other Party of its decision to terminate this Agreement. Such notice shall be sent simultaneously to the International Civil Aviation Organization. This Agreement shall terminate at midnight (at the place of receipt of the notice to the other Party) at the end of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) traffic season in effect one year following the date of written notification of termination, unless the notice is withdrawn by agreement of the Parties before the end of this period.

   

Article 17

 

Registration with ICAO

   

This Agreement and all amendments thereto shall be registered with the International Civil Aviation Organization.

   

Article 18

 

Entry into Force

   

1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of receipt of the later note in an exchange of diplomatic notes between the Parties confirming that all necessary internal procedures for entry into force of the Agreement have been completed.

   

2. Upon entry into force, this Agreement shall supersede the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Air Transport, signed at Brasilia March 21, 1989, as amended.

   

In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.

   

Done at Brasilia , this 19th day of March, 2011, in two originals, in the Portuguese and English languages, both texts being equally authentic.

  

THE HAGUE, 27 April 2012.

The General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations today elected Mr. Dalveer Bhandari as a Member of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), with immediate effect.

Of Indian nationality, Mr. Bhandari succeeds Mr. Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh (Jordan), former judge and Vice-President of the Court, who resigned last year.

Pursuant to Article 15 of the Statute of the Court, Mr. Bhandari will hold office for the remainder of Judge Al-Khasawneh’s term, which will expire on 5 February 2018. The biography of Mr. Bhandari is annexed to this press release.

Photographs of the election, taken at the General Assembly and in the Security Council, are available on the United Nations website.

 

Composition of the Court

 

Following the elections held on 10 November 2011, 13 December 2011 and 27 April 2012 by the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council, the composition of the Court is now as follows:

 

President Peter Tomka (Slovakia) Vice-President Bernardo Sepúlveda-Amor (Mexico) Judges Hisashi Owada (Japan) Ronny Abraham (France) Kenneth Keith (New Zealand) Mohamed Bennouna (Morocco) Leonid Skotnikov (Russian Federation) Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade (Brazil) Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf (Somalia) Christopher Greenwood (United Kingdom) Xue Hanqin (China) Joan E. Donoghue (United States of America) Giorgio Gaja (Italy) Julia Sebutinde (Uganda) Dalveer Bhandari (India)

 

___________

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established by the United Nations Charter in June 1945 and began its activities in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York. The Court has a twofold role: first, to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (its judgments have binding force and are without appeal for the parties concerned); and, second, to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and agencies of the system. The Court is composed of 15 judges elected for a nine-year term by the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations. It is assisted by a Registry, its international secretariat, whose activities are both judicial and diplomatic, as well as administrative. The official languages of the Court are French and English.

The ICJ, a court open only to States for contentious proceedings, and to certain organs and institutions of the United Nations system for advisory proceedings, should not be confused with the other ⎯ mostly criminal ⎯ judicial institutions based in The Hague and adjacent areas, such as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, an ad hoc court created by the Security Council), the International Criminal Court (ICC, the first permanent international criminal court established by treaty, which does not belong to the United Nations system), the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL, an independent judicial body composed of Lebanese and international judges, which is not a United Nations tribunal and does not form part of the Lebanese judicial system), or the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA, an institution founded in 1899, which is independent of the United Nations).

 

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Dalveer Bhandari (India)

Profile

Dr. Justice Bhandari has been a judge in the higher Indian judiciary for more than 20 years. He currently serves as a senior judge in the Supreme Court of India. He has been an Executive Member of the International Law Association, India Chapter, since 1994. He was unanimously elected as President of the India International Law Foundation in 2007 and continues in that position. He served as a judge in the High Court of Delhi (a premier High Court in India) and then was the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court, one of the largest and oldest High Courts in India. Dr. Bhandari had a distinguished and successful career as an attorney at law for 23 years before he became a judge in the Indian higher judiciary in 1991.

Judge, Supreme Court of India

Judicial role

Dr. Justice Bhandari currently serves as a senior judge in the Supreme Court of India. He was elevated as a judge of the Supreme Court on 28 October 2005. He has delivered a large number of judgements while exercising the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction under article 131 between the Government of India and one or more States; between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more other States on the other; or between two or more States.

He has also delivered a large number of judgements on comparative law, public interest litigation, constitutional law, criminal law, civil procedure code, administrative law, arbitration laws, insurance and banking and family laws.

Keeping in view his landmark judgement in a divorce case, the Union of India is seriously considering his suggestion and amending the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, incorporating irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for divorce.

Justice Bhandari’s various orders in the food-grains matter led to the release of a higher quantum of supply of food grains to the population living below the poverty line.

Justice Bhandari’s number of orders in the night-shelter matter led to state governments making provision for night shelters for homeless people all over the country.

Justice Bhandari’s orders in the right to free and compulsory education for children matter led to availability of basic infrastructural amenities in primary and secondary schools all over the country.

Justice Bhandari also has wide experience in dealing with administrative matters.

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Administrative role

He has been nominated as the Chairman of the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee vide notification issued by the Ministry of Law and Justice.

He has been nominated as the Chairman of the Mediation and Conciliation Project Committee and has been supervising mediation and conciliation programmes all over the country.

He is the Chairman of the Selection Committee for appointing the Judicial and Administrative Members for the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.

He is the Chairman of the Selection Committee for appointing the Chairman and Members of the Railway Claims Tribunal.

He is the Chairman of the Committee to consider cases of accreditation of legal correspondents in the Supreme Court of India.

He is the Chairman of the Committee for the selection of law clerk-cum-research assistants to be provided to the Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court of India.

He is the Chairperson of the Committee for selecting the teaching faculty for the National Judicial Academy set up by the Supreme Court of India at Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

He was nominated as a member of Third High-level Indo-Australian Legal Forum Meeting held on 9 and 10 November 2011 at New Delhi, which consisted of chief justices, judges and attorney generals from India and Australia.

Chief Justice of Bombay High Court (Maharashtra and Goa)

Justice Bhandari was elevated as the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court on 25 July 2004 (having the states of Maharashtra and Goa under its jurisdiction). Bombay High Court is one of the oldest and largest High Courts in India (equivalent to the State Supreme Court in the United States of America).

As the Chief Justice he delivered a number of judgements in various branches of the law. His judgements and orders have led to a much larger allocation of funds for malnutrition in the five most backward districts of Maharashtra.

By his judgement 100, judicial officers were appointed to deal with the cases pertaining to section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.

Administrative role

During the tenure of Justice Bhandari as the Chief Justice, the Bombay High Court achieved the distinction of functioning on a full strength of 60 judges for the first time and on the recommendation of Justice Bhandari, the sanctioned strength of the Bombay High Court was increased from 60 to 75 judges. During his tenure a large number of new court buildings were set up in the states of Maharashtra and Goa. Other court buildings were renovated and modernized. On his persuasion, the state government agreed to set up the National Judicial Academy and the National Law School in the state of Maharashtra.

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Justice Bhandari took special interest in mediation and conciliation. He was instrumental in setting up mediation and conciliation centres all over the states of Maharashtra and Goa. He also organized an International Conference on Mediation and Conciliation in Mumbai. He ensured better infrastructural facilities, particularly for the subordinate judiciary in the states of Maharashtra and Goa. He also took keen interest in computerization, videoconferencing facilities, legal aid and legal literacy programmes. He was instrumental in setting up the Information Centre for Litigants in the Bombay High Court.

Judge, High Court of Delhi

Justice Bhandari was elevated as a judge of the High Court of Delhi on 19 March 1991. He served as a judge of the High Court of Delhi for more than 13 years before he was elevated as the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court.

Judicial role

As a judge in the High Court of Delhi, Justice Bhandari delivered several landmark judgements in almost all branches of the law. His directions in public interest litigation has led to the closure of 100-year-old slaughter house and construction of a new, modernized and mechanized slaughter house.

His judgement on “John Doe” orders (intellectual property rights), namely Taj Television Ltd. vs. Rajan Mandal, was also published in a leading English Journal, Fleet Street Reports (2003) F.S.R. 407.

Administrative role

He was the Chairperson of the Delhi High Court Legal Services Committee for several years. He was also the Chairperson of the Advisory Board of Delhi State on the Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act, 1974 (COFEPOSA) and the National Security Act (NSA) for a number of years.

Professional career

Justice Bhandari practised in the Rajasthan High Court from 1968 to 1970 and then went to the United States of America on an international scholarship to pursue a Master of Laws degree. He returned to India in 1973 and thereafter until February 1977 practised in the Rajasthan High Court on all branches of law. Dr. Bhandari practised law primarily in the Supreme Court of India on civil, criminal, constitutional, corporate, election and central excise branches of law since 1977, till his elevation as a judge in the High Court of Delhi.

Dr. Bhandari has argued many landmark cases before the Constitution Bench and other Benches of the Supreme Court of India. He was the arguing counsel on the senior panel of the Union of India. He was also the standing counsel for the state of Uttar Pradesh and for many other public undertakings for more than a decade before the Supreme Court of India. He represented many other states in the Supreme Court of India. He also appeared in many leading high courts, such as the High Court of Delhi, the Bombay High Court, the Calcutta High Court, the Andhra Pradesh High Court, the Allahabad High Court, the Rajasthan High Court and the Punjab and Haryana High Court.

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Educational and academic achievements

Dr. Bhandari graduated in humanities and law from Jodhpur University. He was then invited to a six-week workshop organized by the University of Chicago on research on Indian law at Chicago, United States, in June 1970. During that period he closely and intensively worked and interacted with leading academicians and scholars of the United States.

Dr. Bhandari, on an international scholarship, obtained a Masters of Law from Northwestern University, Chicago, United States. He worked at the Northwestern Legal Assistance Clinic and appeared in Chicago Courts on behalf of litigants of that Clinic. He also worked with the Centre for Research in Chicago.

On an international fellowship, he visited Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Sri Lanka on an observational-cum-lecture tour on legal aid and clinical legal educational programmes associated with the law courts and law schools in June 1973.

Dr. Bhandari worked on an international project, “Delay in the administration of criminal justice in India”, sponsored by the United Nations.

Dr. Bhandari was a member of a high-level delegation that visited many places of the then-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to study and understand the soviet legal and judicial system and its relevance for India.

Exceptional achievement

The Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, United States, while celebrating its 150 year anniversary (1859-2009), selected Justice Bhandari as one of the 16 most illustrious and distinguished alumni.

Conferment of degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D)

Tumkur University, Karnataka, India, conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D) on Justice Bhandari for his magnanimous contribution to law and justice. The citation reads as follows:

“Man of mettle and integrity. An illustrious legal luminary of international repute. A pioneer in the implementation of novel innovative practices in the legal system of India. A staunch crusader for gender justice, equality rights and intellectual property rights. The laurels and awards conferred on him in recognition of his yeoman service stand on the proud pedestal of his magnanimous contribution to law and justice are laudable.”

Law training and close interaction with law schools and universities

Dr. Bhandari has been receiving foremost American and Canadian senior law students for exclusive internship and training ranging from six weeks to one year from Harvard Law School, Yale Law School, University of Wisconsin Law School and Osgoode Hall Law School, Canada.

He is a member of the Governing Council of National Law School of India University, Bangalore, since 2007.

He is a member of the Governing Council of the National Law University, Jodhpur, since 2006.

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International law

Dr. Bhandari has been an executive member of the International Law Association, India Chapter, since 1994. He was also the Chairperson of the Delhi Centre of the International Law Association for several years. He was instrumental in setting up the International Law Association Rajasthan Chapter at Jodhpur, Rajasthan. He is an acknowledged expert in private and public international law. He also participated in and addressed a large number of seminars, symposiums and conferences on international law.

Dr. Bhandari was unanimously elected as the President of the India International Law Foundation in 2007. He continues in that position.

Countries visited

Dr. Bhandari has visited the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Holland, former Czechoslovakia, Austria, Thailand, Italy, Germany, France, the Benelux countries (the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg), Spain, Singapore, Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Finland, Denmark, Sweden, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Israel, Ireland, Scotland, Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Muscat.

Addresses to several international conferences and seminars

Dr. Bhandari is equally at home in the academic world. He has addressed several national and international conferences, including some of the following:

He was invited to deliver the keynote address at the international conference organized by the United Nations on intellectual property at Auckland, New Zealand, in 2001.

He was invited to address the international conference on “Judicial education on equality issues in South Asia: what we have accomplished together” organized by the Asia-Pacific advisory forum at Kathmandu on 13 March 2006.

He was invited to deliver the keynote address on 13 January 2008 on “Gender justice and sensitization of the judiciary: an overview” organized by the Asia-Pacific advisory forum on judicial education on equality issues at Karachi, Pakistan.

He was invited to deliver the keynote address on “Transnational enforcement of intellectual property rights” at the fifth International Judges Conference on Intellectual Property Law at Washington, D.C., from 21 to 23 April 2009.

He was invited to deliver a special address to the faculty members and the students of Northwestern University on “Supreme Court of India and public interest litigation” at a special function organized in his honour by the Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, on 23 April 2009.

He was invited to participate in the deliberations and an intense discussion at the sixth International Judges Conference on Intellectual Property Law at Brussels from 23 to 25 May 2011.

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Addressed important universities, and different forums and conferences

Dr. Bhandari has also addressed many leading universities and other important forums. He has shared his perspective on various elements related to the law, including alternate dispute resolution, intellectual property rights, international law, judicial and legal education and public interest litigation.

He delivered the university convocation address at the Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishvavidyala, Varanasi, on 27 March 2010.

He was the chief guest and delivered the presidential address at the Stamp Releasing Ceremony in honour of former distinguished Chief Justice M. C. Chagla of Bombay High Court on 1 October 2004 at Mumbai.

He was the chief guest at the function organized on the eve of United Nations Day on 21 October 2004 at Durbar Hall, Raj Bhavan, Mumbai. He delivered the keynote address on that occasion.

He delivered the valedictory address on the occasion of national rounds of the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot, 2009, organized by the University Institute of Legal Studies, Punjab University and Surana and Surana, at Chandigarh on 18 January 2009.

He delivered the inaugural address on the occasion of the eighth Henry Dunant Memorial Moot Court Competition organized by the Indian Society of International Law and the International Committee of the Red Cross on 11 September 2008 at New Delhi.

He delivered a special address on the occasion of the release of the book entitled “Cyber Laws and Information Technology” at New Delhi on 7 October 2009.

He delivered the inaugural speech on the occasion of the ninth Henry Dunant Memorial Moot Court Competition organized by the Indian Society of International Law and the International Committee of the Red Cross at New Delhi on 10 September 2009.

He delivered the keynote address at the function on “Paper for national consultation for second general reforms in legal education” organized by the Ministry of Law in association with National Law University, Delhi, and the Bar Council of India at New Delhi on 1 and 2 May 2010.

He delivered the inaugural address at the national tax conference on “Global economic scenario: role of tax professionals” organized by the All India Federation of Tax Practitioners at Varanasi on 7 March 2009.

He delivered the keynote address at the colloquium on “Justice delivery of human trafficking crimes for judicial officers, prosecutors and police officers” organized by the National Legal Services Authority and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime on 15 November 2008 at New Delhi.

He delivered the keynote speech at the International Conclave of Intellectual Property for Judiciary and IP Practitioners on 20 January 2007 at Goa.

He inaugurated the national seminar on “Right to education” of distinguished academicians and educationists from all over India at New Delhi on 21 February 2009.

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He delivered two lectures at the International Conference organized by the Bombay High Court on “Alternative dispute resolution” in 2004, in which a large number of judges, academicians and scholars from different parts of the world participated.

He delivered the valedictory address of the First Nani Palkhivala Memorial National Tax Moot Court Competition on 18 December 2004.

He addressed a conference organized by the Ministry of Law and Justice on “Is this the time to review arbitration law in India” at Hotel Taj Mahal, Mumbai, on 21 October 2004.

He delivered the presidential speech at the conference on “Equal justice and legal aid” at YB Chavan Auditorium, Mumbai, on 3 April 2005.

He delivered a special address on “Alternate dispute resolution system” at the District Bar Association, Pune, on 21 April 2005.

He addressed the Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa and Bharati Vidyapeeth University at Pune on “Professional ethics” on 18 June 2005.

He delivered Shri C. L. Agarwal Centenary Memorial Lecture at Jaipur on 29 January 2006.

He delivered the inaugural address at the State Lawyers Conference organized by the Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa at Pune on 9 December 2006.

He has addressed many Rotary Clubs, Lions Clubs and other philanthropic organizations.

He delivered a special address on “Clinical legal education” at a function organized by the Supreme Court Bar Association on 9 March 2007 at New Delhi.

He delivered the keynote address on the occasion of an All India Seminar on “Access to justice” organized by the Confederation of the Indian Bar at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

He delivered a special address on 15 August 2007 at the Institute of Judicial Training and Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh on “Challenges before the judiciary, role of judges in efficient functioning of the judiciary, judgement writing and judicial ethics”.

He delivered a keynote address on 18 August 2007 at the Karnataka Judicial Academy at Bangalore on “Effective role of alternative methods of dispute resolution and section 89 of the Civil Procedure Code”.

He delivered the inaugural address on the occasion of the “Tenth Raj Anand Moot Court Competition on Intellectual Property Rights in India” at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, on 25 August 2007.

He delivered a special address at the National Judicial Academy’s North Zone Regional Judicial Workshop on “Techniques and tools for enhancing timely justice” at the Scope Complex, New Delhi, on 28 September 2007.

He delivered the main address at the National Law Conference on “Dispensation of justice: challenges posed by new and emerging trends in law” organized by the Bar Council of Rajasthan and the Bar Council of India at Jodhpur on 16 December 2007.

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He delivered the keynote address on “Importance of moot court competition: an overview” at the fourth KK Luthra Memorial National Moot Court Competition at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, on 20 January 2008.

He delivered a special address at the function organized by the Delhi High Court Legal Services Committee and Delhi High Court Bar Association on “Advance training in mediation” at Delhi on 1 February 2008.

He delivered a special address on “Review of legal education in law schools and continuing legal education” at the All India Seminar on Judicial Reforms organized by the Confederation of the Indian Bar at New Delhi on 23 February 2008.

He delivered the keynote address on “Professional ethics in reporting: problems in observance and solutions” at the workshop on “Law reporting and administration of justice” organized by the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee, the Press Council of India, the Indian Law Institute, the National Legal Services Authority and the Editors Guild of India on 30 March 2008.

He delivered a special address at the “Five day residential training course on reporting of court proceedings by media and administration of justice for legal correspondents/journalists” organized by the National Legal Services Authority and Indira Gandhi National Open University in association with the Press Council of India and the Editors Guild of India at Indira Gandhi Open University on 8 December 2008 in New Delhi.

He delivered the inaugural address at the foundation stone laying ceremony for the establishment of the Centre for Continuing Legal Education and Advocates’ Academy organized by the Bar Council of Rajasthan at Jodhpur on 14 December 2008.

He delivered a special lecture on the “Impact of globalization on the legal profession” in the lecture series organized by the Supreme Court Bar Association on 21 January 2009 at New Delhi.

He delivered the inaugural address at the Judicial Colloquium on “Right to education” organized by the Human Rights Law Network on 21 February 2009 at Casuarina Hall, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi.

He delivered the inaugural address at the seminar on “Expectations and experiences of dispute resolution in telecom and broadcasting sectors” organized by the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal on 1 March 2009 at Jodhpur.

He delivered a special address on the occasion of inauguration of the Rajasthan Chapter of the International Law Association at Jodhpur.

He delivered the main address at the International Law Association Regional Conference at New Delhi on 20 September 2009.

He delivered the inaugural address at the National Tax Conference on “Taxation policy — economic development” organized by the All India Federation of Tax Practitioners on 19 December 2009 at Jaipur.

He delivered the keynote address on “Legal profession, reforms in legal education and continuing legal education” at a function of the Bar Association of India at Gauhati on 3 April 2010.

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He delivered the keynote address on “Alternative dispute resolution mechanism: national and international perspectives” at ASC Hall, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, on 24 March 2007.

He delivered the keynote address at the National Colloquium on “Emerging issues in public law” organized by the National Judicial Academy at Bhopal.

He delivered the keynote address on “Child labour: moral and legal conflicts” at the symposium organized by the Delhi Legal Services Authority and Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University on 17 November 2007 at New Delhi.

He delivered the keynote address on “Ethics in medical profession and medical negligence” at the Medico Legal Conference organized by the Indian Medical Association, Gurgaon, at Gurgaon on 9 December 2007.

He delivered a special address on “Indian and US education: challenges and opportunities” at the seminar organized by the National Law School, Delhi, in collaboration with the Law School Admission Council, United States of America, and Institute of International Education, United States of America, on 14 September 2008 at New Delhi.

He delivered a special address on “The judicial role and activism and need for positive response from legislature and executive” at the function organized by Eastern Book Company on “Judicial review: the current controversy” at New Delhi on 25 October 2008.

He delivered the valedictory address at the seminar on “Terrorism, human security and human rights” organized by the OP Jindal Global University and the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law of Yeshiva University on 8 January 2009 at New Delhi.

He delivered the main address on the occasion of “Maa easwaramma day” organized by the Sri Sathya Sai Seva Organization at New Delhi on 6 May 2009.

He delivered a lecture on “Lawyers: past, present and future” at the National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, Hyderabad, on 20 March 2010.

The University of Delhi and the Banaras Hindu University have requested Dr. Bhandari to evaluate theses for the grant of degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Personal information

Date of birth: 1 October 1947

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Justice Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Justice Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Wednesday, December 7, 2011 on or around 12:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and ends on Thursday, February 16, 2012 at 11:59 p.m. PST (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Justice Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- December 7-15, 2011: Begins at or around 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on December 7, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on December 15, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- January 30 - February 2, 2012: Begins at or around 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 30, 2012 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 2, 2012 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- February 13-16, 2012: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 13, 2012 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 16, 2012 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

  

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Justice concert taking place on April 19, 2012 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by April 19, 2012 (date of show). Justice general admission concert tickets are valued at thirty-five dollars ($35.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling seventy dollars ($70.00). There will be three (3) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Justice concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of two hundred ten dollars ($210.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter account @Cosmopolitan_LV AND/OR posting to its Google+ page AND/OR posting on its Facebook Wall a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle and a link to the contest entry page.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Justice Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- December 7-15, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on December 16, 2011 and winner has until December 18, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- January 30 - February 2, 2012 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 3, 2012 and winner has until February 5, 2012 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- February 13-16, 2012 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 17, 2012 and winner has until February 19, 2012 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Justice Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 4/20/2012. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner names.

 

© 2011-2012 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas CAKE Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas CAKE Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, March 14, 2011 on or around 5:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, June 9, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan CAKE Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- March 14-17, 2011: Begins at or around 5:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on March 14, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on March 17, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- April 25-28, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 25, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 28, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- June 6-9, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 6, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 9, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

  

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the CAKE concert taking place on June 11, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by June 11, 2011 (date of show). CAKE general admission concert tickets are valued at forty dollars ($40.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling eighty dollars ($80.00). There will be three (3) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the CAKE concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value of two hundred forty dollars ($240.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with the challenge/trivia question.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan CAKE Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is:

 

-March 14-17, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on March 18, 2011 and winner has until March 19, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- April 25-28, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on April 29, 2011 and winner has until April 30, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- June 6-9, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on June 10, 2011 and winner has until June 10, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

IMPORTANT NOTE: For the last promotion period, June 6-9, 2011, there will be no "second-chance" winner selected if prize is not claimed by first winner since the show is the following day on Saturday, June 11, 2011.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-CAKE Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 6/17/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

 

CAKE photo credit: Robert McKnight

THE COSMOPOLITAN™ OF LAS VEGAS NEW YEAR'S EVE CELEBRATION FEATURING STEVIE WONDER SWEEPSTAKES

OFFICIAL RULES

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas New Year’s Eve Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Tuesday, November 21, 2011 on or around 12:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and ends on Thursday, December 22, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION (“Sweepstakes”) PERIOD. “The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas New Year's Eve Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder” sweepstakes promotion period run as follows:

 

- November 21 – December 22, 2011: Begins at or around 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on November 21, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on December 22, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prize (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two General Admission tickets) to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas New Year's Eve Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder taking place on December 31, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by December 31, 2011 (date of show). The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas New Year's Eve Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder general admission (GA) concert tickets are valued at two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling five hundred dollars ($500.00). There will be two (2) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas New Year's Eve Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of one thousand dollars ($1,000.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents, as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. This means that the winner is not allowed to transfer or sell any portion of the Prize on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Two ways to enter:

 

A. TWITTER: Limit one (1) qualifying entry tweet per Twitter account. Multiple tweets/entries will not be counted. Throughout the sweepstakes promotion period @Cosmopolitan_LV will send sweepstakes promotion tweets asking followers to tweet their New Year’s resolution. To enter, reply to the sweepstakes promotion tweet sent by @Cosmopolitan_LV with your New Year’s resolution. To be eligible, you must follow @Cosmopolitan_LV on Twitter and include in your reply “@Cosmopolitan_LV,” your New Year’s resolution and the #TCOLVnye hashtag. Each follow and tweet counts as one registration. A person can register once. In the event of a dispute over the identity of an entrant, the entrant will be the registered owner of the Twitter account. Multiple entries will not be acknowledged.

 

B. FACEBOOK: Limit one (1) entry per person. Multiple entries will not be acknowledged. The Cosmopolitan will begin the Sweepstakes/promotion giveaway by announcing it on its twitter handle/username at @Cosmopolitan_LV and posting on its Facebook Wall with a link to the sweepstakes reveal page where entrants MUST first become a “fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook Page and then the entry form is revealed to entrant. The reveal and entry page are located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan?sk=app_128493897245038 NOTE: The sweepstakes entry form is not hosted on Facebook and entrants must understand that they are providing their information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Facebook.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor assumes no responsibility for incomplete, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for incomplete, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for the Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE REGARDING ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the website or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. One (1) winner from the Facebook entries and one (1) winner from the Twitter entries will be determined at random selection from the entries that have ALL the required fields on the Facebook entry page properly completed with the correct information; and for Twitter, from all the entries that have the required elements (stated above in section 9. HOW TO ENTER) in the entry tweet. The Facebook winner will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification by the deadline to claim prize. For Twitter, the winner will be notified via Direct Message (DM) and will be required to provide their real name (legal name that’s on a government issued identification document, i.e. valid driver’s license or passport) and a valid email address. Exact deadline for “The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas New Year’s Eve Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) and winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- November 21 – December 22, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner from Facebook entries and one (1) winner from Twitter entries will be selected and notified on December 23, 2011 and winner has until December 24, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for the Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS/LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winner may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winner list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-NYE Celebration featuring Stevie Wonder Sweepstakes, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 12/31/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

 

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

 

Title: Illinois Agricultural Association record [microform]

Identifier: 5060538.1923-1930

Year: 1923 (1920s)

Authors: Illinois Agricultural Association; Illinois Agricultural Association. Record

Subjects: Agriculture -- Illinois

Publisher: Mendota, Ill. : The Association

Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

  

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About This Book: Catalog Entry

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One hundred and forty-seven people^ including 81 boys' and girls' club members of Illinois, got in on this break- fast when the I. A. A. entertained the club folks at the Great Northern Hotel during their visit to the Interna- tional Live Stock Show. Sam Thompson said the way they work and sing together shows that they are learning the meaning of *'co-operation.'* RE-ELECT BRADFUTE AT A. F. B. F. ANNUAL MEET {Continued from page 1) President Bradfute. who had served two terms, was placed in nomination by E. B. Cornwall, president of the Vermont Farm Bureau Federation. In his nomi- nation speech. Mr. Cornwalt drew attention to President Coolldge's selection of Mr. Bradfute on the agricultural commission. M. L.. Noon, president of the Michigan Farm Bureau Federation, sec- onded Mr. Bradfute's nomina- tion. Only One Opposes Bradfute Geo. C. Jewett of Spokane, Washington, formerly t>fesident of the American Wheat Growers' Association, but now a member of the Federal Farm Loan Board, was nominated for the presi- dency by Ralph Snyder, president of the Kansas Farm Bureau Fed- eration. Mr. Snyder stated that "we have come to a parting of the ways" and suggested that it would be worthy of the voting delegates to put in a president who had not been mixed up in the many controversies. The final vote stood: Bradfute 35, Jewett 11 and three blanks. **Oar Sam" Refuses Sam H. Thompson, president of the I. A. A., was nominated for the vice-presidency by Edw. A. O'Neal, president of the Ala- bama Farm Bureau Federation. Mr. Thompson immediately arose and withdrew his name. J. F. Reed, the past vice-president, had been nominated. Mr. O'Neal, the nominator of "Our Sam," was then nominated by W. T. Harris, the voting delegate from Ken- tucky. Mr. O'Neal has been a member of the executive commit- tee of the American Farm Bu- reau and was one of the few southern farm bureau leaders who helped at Washington dur- ing the McNary-Haugen fight last spring. He was elected. President Thompson retained his seat as a director for the midwest group. Chas. E. Hearst, president of the Iowa Farm Bu- reau Federation, was also re- elected. J. F. Reed, of Minne- sota, the retiring vice-president, was put in and M. L. Noon, pres- ident of Michigan Farm Bureau Federation, became the fourth director, pending the ratification of the amendment which allows an extra director for each 100,- 000 paid-up membership. No Secretary Hired Yet The new board of directors went into executive session the day after the convention closed with the purpose of fixing the budgets for the various depart- ments and hiring a secretary to take the place of J. W. Cover- dale, who resigned during the summer to become treasurer of the Grain Marketing Company. A. R. Simpson, who had been director of finance, was made; treasurer. Mr. Coverdale had been secretary and treasurer. It is expected that action will be taken by the board when it meets Jan. 29, 1925. Below is printed the substance of resolutions presented by a committee on resolutions and later adopted by the voting dele- gates. These resolutions are im- portant because they are the guid- ing hand which is to direct the actions of the A. F. B. F. officials and board of directors through the coming year. Co-operative Marketing 1. A. F, B. F. pledges continued support to all co-operative market- ing enterprises. 2. A. F. B. F. pledges to support co-operative marketing:, to aid in es- tablishing: a national wool co-oper- ative ag:ency and endorses President (^oolidge's principle of orderly pro- 'luction and orderly marketing. Department of Agriculture 1. Authorizes A. F. B. F. president to call a conference to make not more than thrt-e recommendations to President Coolidge for the appoint- ment of Secretary of .\griculture. 2. Approval of government crop reports. Legislation and Taxation Taxation: Keafllmiation of principles on which A. F. B. F. (a\ work has been base<l. namely: 1. Income as a basis of ability to support federal government. 2. Rate should be progressive— larger the ini-ome the higher the rate. 3. A portion, not to exceed 25 per cent, of tax budget should be raised by consumption taxes. Other taxation policies: 1. Endorsement of President's economy program. 2. Favor abolition of federal es- tate tax. 3. Opposed to shifting tax burden from income to consumption tax. 4. Deductions and exemptions should he first offset against tax free income. 5. Money derived from stock div- idend sales should be taxed as if dividends had been paid in cash. 6. Approval of gift tax. 7. Recommend that Congress plug holes in the income tax law. 8. Amend McFadden bill by strik- ing out provision legalizing stock dividends. 9. Restriction on issuance of tax free securities. 10. I'rge study of state and local tax methods, state and local com- mittees. 11. Modification of law so hanks :ind their stockholders may be taxed as other corporations and individu- als. L^slation: Immediate de- velopment of Muscle Shoals to produce fertilizer for farms.

 

Text Appearing After Image:

1. Opposition to additional bur- dens on parcel post system to In- ■ ■rease salaries of postal employees. 2. Opposition to Child l^bor bill. 3. Support of pure seed laws. 4. L.imit bankers' charge to 2 per cent in addition to what they pay for federal reserve money. i. Support o f Vestal Standard Container bill, to decrease cost of distribution. fi. Support o f Truth-In-Fabric legislation. 7. Favor postal libraries. 8. Opposition to branch banking as provided in McFadden bill. 9. Recommendation to make pos- sible loans of four months under in- termediate credits act and a higher maximum loan on warehouse re- ceipts. 10. Endorsement of farmers' ex- port corporation as described else- where in this issue of the Recoed. Transportation and Research Policies are as follows: 1. Endorse plan of Shippers' Re- gional Advisory Boards. 2. Urge fullest co-operation be- tween state and county Farm Bureaus and the federal government. 3. Favor public representation on Railroad labor board. 4. Favor development of inland waterways. (Specific mention given to Mississippi. Missouri and Ohio river systems.) 5. Approve reduction of freight rates on agricultural products. 6. Substitute effective operation for present state of arbitration of St. Lawrence-Great Lakes Water- way. 7. Endorse under joint adminis- tration of state and federal author- ities building good roads as an as- set to farm people. 8. Favor American Merchant Ma- rine. Organization and Finance 1. Vigorous prosecution of organ- isation through state and county Farm Bureaus. 2. Each state should have an or- ganization or field service depart- ment hea.ded by a competent direc- tor. 3. Recognition of plan getting members in connection with com- modity marketing as desirable If identity of Individual as a farm bu- reau member is not interfered with. 4. Urge enactment of state laws making it possible to incorporate all units of the Farm Bureau. 5. Urge a well balanced agricul- tural community program to meet need of the farm bureau family membership. 6. Regard failure to transmit membership funds to state and na- tional organization as a misappro- priation of funds and officer should be held accountable therefor under the law. 7. Urge method to transmit dues regularly each month and direct executive committee to bring about strict compliance with this require- ment. Publicity Marjorie Cline (left) and her aunt, Lula Case, both membert of the Will- ing Workers Poultry Club in Ctss county. Marjorie is champion essay writer in Cass county and second prize winner in Illinois. Her aunt holds a blue ribbon, which she won on her pen of Barred Rocks at the B. & 0. poultry club show. 1. Favors appropriation of fund* to adequately meet publicity require- ments of state and national organ- izations. 2. Closer ro-ordination of all publicity work. 3. Favor making uniform all pub- 1- statements of Farm Bureau Dol- . ies. 4. Endorse Xational Farm Radio Council, Home and Commuiiity 1. Full development of the Home 1" F b""""""^ department of the 2. Urge co-operation of Farm Bureaus to further: Better citlien- «nlp. good community music, rural health, vocational education in agri- culture and Boys- and Girls- Club work. . Other Department* Appreciate President Bradfute's appointment to Agricultural Confer- ence and look for constructive recommendations from that body Approve development of econom- ical electric power on the farm. Place enforcement of butter stand- ards in hands of U. S. D. A Endorse T. B. eradication pro- gram. NEW I^GISUTIVE PLAN SUBMITTED BY FARM COUNCIL Would Create Export Corpora- tion Avoiding Flawi of TTje McMary-Haure* BiU FollowinR the conference of representatives of gome 40 or 50 farm organizations In Chicago. Dec. 1 and 2. at the call of the American Council of AKriculture. steps have been taken to place before President CoolidRe's ag- ricultural commission a plan for stabilization of American agri- culture by securing for it equal opportunity with Industry- and labor. The American Council of Agri- culture was created at St. Paul, last July, by state and national farm organizations as their ag- ency of united effort and ex- pression. In this capacity the Council is now to present to Congress, through the lately cre-^ ated agricultural commission, a plan derised to take the place of so-called McNary-Haugen legisla- tion. Plan Export Corporation The plan proposes the crea- tion of a farmers' export corpora- tion to dispose of surplus farm commodities. The extent of gov- ernment participation in the cor- poration would be limited to the minimum necessary to a compre- hensive grant of power. The export corporation pro- posal differs from the McNary- Haugen bill In several respects. It eliminates the ratio price fea- ture. It eliminates the i>o\rers conferred upon the President to fix tariff rates at will. It aims to secure benefits of existing tar- iff schedules instead of creating new ones. The corporation would be set up to buy exportable sur- pluses when the existence of sur- pluses causes the markets for domestic consumption to fall be- low American price levels. Proponents of the export cor- poration rely upon this plan to make it possible for farmers 'to sell their major farm crops at American prices rather than at prices set by world markets. Would Aid Co-operatiires The farmers' export corpora- tion is designed to supplement co-operative marketing. The adoption of the plan, those who have studied it point out. w^" *' aid co-operative marketing oi/" bizations to function eftectlv?' At present co-operative as: ciations are not able to opera effectively because they are m able to dispose of surplus prod ucts and assess the losses on thi: portion of the commodity- back upon the benefitted producer, without penalizing organization members to the benefit of non- members. Under the proposed plan these costs incurred in dis- posing of surpluses would be automatically and unavoidably absorbed by all producers. Plan Goes To CommlSBion A Council legislative commit- tee, on which national and state organizations are represented, was provided for at the Chicago conference. The new legislative program in rough outline was presented and tentatively ap- proved and arrangements made for submitting it to the various farm organizations for farther approval. As soon as responses are received, the proposal with an accompanying brief will l)e sub- mitted by the American Council of Agriculture to each meiober of the President's agricultural commission. It is hoped that when it is submitted the commission will recommend to the present ses- sion of Congress the enactment of legislation which will prevent further depression of agriculture before Congress could again take action. I.A.C.A. Reaches 105 Marie Farmers' co-op organizations applying for audit service in the Illinois Agricultural Co-operatives m Am Association now number I IIS General manager, Geo. AW* R -Wicker, with his staff of accountants have made SO examinations, more than 60 of which are complete. Grain elevators lead in membership with 44 and Farm Bureaus are second with 39.

  

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The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, March 5, 2012 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and ends on Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 11:59 p.m. PST (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- March 5-8, 2012: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 5, 2012 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 8, 2012 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

  

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Foster The People concert taking place on July 7, 2012 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by October 20, 2011 (date of show). Foster The People general admission concert tickets are valued at thirty five dollars ($35.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling seventy dollars ($70.00). There will be one (1) winner in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Foster The People concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of seventy dollars ($70.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter account @Cosmopolitan_LV AND/OR posting to its Google+ page AND/OR posting on its Facebook Wall a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle and a link to the contest entry page.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- March 5-8, 2012 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on March 9, 2012 and winner has until March 11, 2012 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 7/13/2012. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2012 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook, Twitter or Google+.

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas’ The Strokes Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas’ The Strokes Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, January 10, 2011 on or around 5:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and last promotion ends on Thursday, March 10, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PT (the “Promotion Periods”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS. “The Cosmopolitan’s The Strokes Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

-Begins at or around 5:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 10, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 14, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 24, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 28, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 14, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 18, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 7, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 10, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. Each winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to The Strokes concert taking place on March 12, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by March 12, 2011 (date of show). The Strokes general admission concert tickets are valued at forty-nine dollars and fifty-cents ($49.50) each, with a total value for each prize (2 tickets) totaling ninety-nine dollars ($99.00). There will be five (5) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to The Strokes concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value of four hundred ninety-five dollars ($495.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with the game question/challenge.

 

FOR THE FIRST WEEK’S PROMOTION/SWEEPTSTAKES PERIOD (JANUARY 10-14, 2011) ENTRANTS NEED TO:

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter. Send ONE (1) email per Sweepstakes/Promotion Period to CosmopolitanLV[at]gmail.com with “THE COSMOPOLITAN’S THE STROKES CONCERT TICKET GIVEAWAY” in the subject line and your real/legal first and last name, twitter handle/username and answer to the game question/challenge in the body of the email. A person can enter once per Sweepstakes Period. In the event of a dispute over the identity of an entrant, the entrant will be the registered owner of the Twitter account. Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan. Send ONE (1) email per sweepstakes period to CosmopolitanLV[at]gmail.com with “THE COSMOPOLITAN’S THE STROKES CONCERT TICKET GIVEAWAY” in the subject line and your real/legal first and last name, Facebook name if different from legal name, and answer to the picture riddle or other game question in the body of the email. A person can enter once per sweepstakes period. In the event of a dispute over the identity of an entrant, the entrant will be the registered owner of the Facebook account. Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

*******FOR ALL REMAINING PROMOTION PERIODS (January 24 -- March 10, 2011) EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx*******

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. Starting on January 14, 2011, winners will be determined at random selection from the entries that have ALL the required information stated in #9 HOW TO ENTER section AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification with their mailing address by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadlines to claim prize are stated below for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan’s The Strokes Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification periods run as follows:

 

-January 10-14, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: Two (2) winners will be selected and notified on January 14, 2011 and winners have until January 15, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-January 24-28, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on January 28, 2011 and winners have until January 29, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-February 14-18, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 18, 2011and winner has until February 19, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-March 7-10, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on March 11, 2011 and winners have until March 12, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize (winner will have to pick up tickets at Will Call at The Cosmopolitan since March 12 is the day of show).

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-The Strokes Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 3/18/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of the list.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

  

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, June 13, 2011 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, September 22, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- June 13-16, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 13, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 16, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- August 8-11, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 8, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 11, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- September 19-22, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on September 19, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on September 22, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys concert taking place on September 23, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by September 23, 2011 (date of show). TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys general admission concert tickets are valued at thrity-seven dollars and fifty cents ($37.50) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling seventy-five dollars ($75.00). There will be three (3) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of two hundred twenty-five dollars ($225.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

AND/OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- June 13-16, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on June 17, 2011 and winner has until June 18, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- August 8-11, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on August 12, 2011 and winner has until August 13, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- September 19-22, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified via email on September 23, 2011 at approximately 12:00pm and winner has until 5:00PM PST on the same day to claim prize. September 23rd is the day of show, so after the winner accepts prize by replying to the email notification that states he/she has won, the winner will then be given instructions via email on when and where to pick up tickets that evening. For this giveaway there will be no second-chance winner if the first winner declines or doesn't reply.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS/LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 9/30/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Adele Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Adele Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Tuesday, July 5, 2011 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, August 18, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Adele Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- July 5-7, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on July 5, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on July 7, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- August 15-18, 2011: Begins at or around 6:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 15, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 18, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Adele concert taking place on August 20, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by August 20, 2011 (date of show). Adele general admission concert tickets are valued at ninety-seven dollars and fifty cents ($97.50) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling one hundred ninety-five dollars ($195.00). There will be two (2) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Adele concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of three hundred ninety dollars ($390.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

AND/OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Adele Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- July 5-7, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on July 8, 2011 and winner has until July 9, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- August 15-18, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on August 19, 2011 and winner has until August 20, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize. August 20th is the day of show, so after the winner accepts prize by replying to the email notification that states he/she has won, the winner will then be given instructions via email on when and where to pick up tickets. For this giveaway there will be no second-chance winner if the first winner declines or doesn't reply.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Adele Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 8/26/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

 

Up The Banner Photography , Noel Moore.

 

Copyright © All Rights Reserved.

Images are the property of Up The Banner Photography

and may not be reproduced without permission.

  

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My Web page

  

Dromoland Castle is a castle, now a luxury hotel with golf course, located near Newmarket-on-Fergus, County Clare, Ireland. Special mention should be made of the outstanding food and beverage service. The sumptuous meals offered, in their beautiful dining rooms by a very well trained staff, merit special attention when considering a visit.

 

The present building was completed in 1835. However the first building constructed here seems to have been a 15th or early 16th century tower house and is recorded as being erected by Thomas, the son of Shane Mac Anerheny.[1] There were at least three houses on the site, at various times, called Dromoland. While Dromoland later became residence of eight generations of the O'Brien family, early records suggest that the area was also occupied by other local Gaelic families, such as the McInerney family during the 16th century.[2] According to the historian James Frost, Dromoland translates as the "Hill of Litigation".

 

History

 

In 1551 Dromoland was listed in the will of Murrough O'Brien. He was first Tanist and in 1543 had been granted the title of first Earl of Thomond by Henry VIII. Murrough bequeathed Leamaneh Castle to his third son Donough MacMurrough O'Brien. He also gave him the castle and lands at Dromoland. In 1582 Donough was hanged in Limerick on charges of rebellion. The government decided that all his property would be forfeited to the Queen. Sir George Cusack, the sheriff, took possession of Dromoland. Some years later, Turlough O'Brien killed Cusack and various O'Briens attempted to re-possess Dromoland. The fourth Earl of Thomond claimed to have sole ownership and tried to exclude Donough's son, Conor MacDonough O'Brien. The outcome of this dispute is unclear.

 

In 1604 when Conor O'Brien died he left Dromoland to his son, Donough MacConor O'Brien. Donough, whose mother was Slany O'Brien, was then only about eight years old. A legal battle ensued between the fourth Earl and Slany O'Brien. The dispute was settled by arbitration in 1613. The Earl, by now Lord Thomond, became owner of Dromoland on payment of Ј132.13.4. in compensation to Slany O'Brien. When Donough was older, he refused to abide by the settlement. By 1614 a William Starkey was leasing Dromoland from Lord Thomond. By 1628 Lord Thomond was dead and Donough continued the dispute through the Court of Wards and Liveries in Dublin. In 1629 Donough was granted entry "on all the manors, lands and tenements of his late father" on payment of a fine. However, Dromoland was not listed among the many properties named, and it rested with the Earls of Thomond for another fifty years. The fifth Earl did transfer two other properties to Donough as compensation.

 

Robert Starkey, son of William, was in residence at Dromoland when the rebellion of 1641 began. It seems that he either fled the area or sublet the property. In 1642 Col. Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, son of Donough and husband of Maire Rua, seized the castle along with a Captain McInerhenny, the leaders of the Irish force, who surprised the guards through help of Starkey's assistant Moran. Conor was killed in battle in 1651. His eldest son Donough, born to Conor and Maire Rua in 1642, was heir to Leamaneh Castle and to the family claim on Dromoland. In addition, Donough inherited large landholdings from his half-brother, William O'Neylan (O'Neillan) (1635-78) of Dysert, to whose father Daniel, Marie Rua had been married from 1634 until his untimely death in 1639.

George W. Bush, Bertie Ahern, and Romano Prodi at their joint press conference at the Castle in 2004.

 

Robert Starkey resumed the lease and in 1666 Dromoland was sub-leased to Colonel Daniel O'Brien from Carrigaholt Castle. Three years later, it was assigned to Thomas Walcott of Moyhill. Finally, in 1684 the freehold was assigned to Donough O'Brien. At this time Dromoland was a modest house. The original tower house seems to have been added onto during Starkey's time, before Donough moved in from Leamaneh.

 

Through the years visitors to Dromoland have written various descriptions of it. Sir Donough, 1st Baronet, died in 1717. During his time at Dromoland, it was described as "a handsome Grecian Building." Donough's son Lucius also died in 1717 so Edward, son of Lucius, became 2nd Baronet. This first Sir Edward O'Brien decorated the house with pictures and carvings. He also had designs drawn up for a new house. Thomas Roberts and John Aheron both submitted drawings to him for a house and garden at Dromoland. John Aheron appears to have been the architect responsible for the final design. He also designed the Gazebo on Turret Hill, across the road from the main entrance gateway. It was probably built for observing the training of horses. Dromoland was expanded to a ten-bay, two-and-a-half storey house. A two-story quadrangle was completed in 1736. Edward died in 1765.

 

In 1795 an issue of the Gentleman's Magazine gave the following description of Dromoland:

 

"the noble and beautiful seat of Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart., in the county of Clare, situated on a hill gently rising from a lake of twenty four acres in the middle of woods. Three beautiful hills rise above it, commanding fine prospects of the great rivers Fergus and Shannon at their junction, being each of them a league wide."

 

Sir Lucius O'Brien was the eldest son of the first Sir Edward. Lucius was the 3rd Baronet. He died in 1794. His son, the second Sir Edward, was the 4th Baronet. Edward decided to rebuild the castle. In 1821, it was the birthplace of Edward's brother Robert's son, George O'Brien (painter). Work began around 1822 and cost about Ј50,000 to complete. The Pain brothers submitted some classical designs but Edward O'Brien chose their neo-gothic designs, influenced by John Nash. James and George Richard Pain had been pupils of Nash in England. The building was completed in 1835. Samuel Lewis writing in 1837 described Dromoland as:

 

"a superb edifice in the castellated style, lately erected on the site of the ancient mansion, and surrounded by an extensive and richly wooded demesne, in which great improvements have recently been made".

 

Edward was married to Charlotte Smith and her inherited wealth was probably essential in covering construction costs of their new mansion. Edward and Charlotte were parents of William Smith O'Brien, the leader of the Young Irelander rebellion of 1848. Sir Edward died in 1837. His eldest son Lucius was 5th Baronet and 13th Baron Inchiquin.

 

Burke's Visitation of Seats (1855) gives the following description of Dromoland:

 

"It is built entirely of dark blue limestone, and in fine chiseled workmanship; the ornamental grounds and woods extend over more than 1,500 [6.1 km2] of land…from some of the eminences there are views of the Shannon and Fergus, which, at this part of the country, resembles a large inland lake with island, making Dromoland one of the most beautiful and desirable residences in Ireland."

 

Dromoland has been preserved with little change since that time. The mansion is in "baronial" or "gothic revival" style. It has four linked irregular castellated turrets. A gothic porch to the north front displays the O'Brien arms. The western portion faces out to the lake, and the east towards the hill where Thomond House now stands. The large walled gardens are to the south. In 1902 the 15th Baron Inchiquin, Lucius, took the old 17th century gateway from Leamaneh and erected it at the entrance to the large walled garden. A long curving drive leads from the gateway and classical lodge, passing north of the lake and round to the front door of Dromoland Castle.

 

In 1962, Donough O'Brien, the sixteenth Baron Inchiquin, sold Dromoland Castle and 350 acres (1.4 km2) because of difficult financial circumstances. He built Thomond House on a hill overlooking Dromoland. He moved in to this Georgian style house in 1965 and died in 1968. The house is now occupied by the 18th Baron Inchiquin.

 

Dromoland Castle was bought by United States citizen, Bernard McDonough. It has been converted for use as a top-grade hotel.

 

United States President George W. Bush spent the night of Friday, June 26, 2004, at Dromoland Castle to attend the EU-US Summit held at the facility. President Bush was guarded by approximately 7,000 police, military and private security forces during his 16-hour visit

Construction of a Road in Costa Rica along the San Juan River (Nicaragua v. Costa Rica) -

The Court rules on the counter-claims submitted by Nicaragua: it finds that the first claim is without object, that the second and third claims are inadmissible and that there is no need for it to entertain the fourth claim.

 

THE HAGUE, 1 May 2013. By an Order dated 18 April 2013, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, ruled on the four counter-claims submitted by Nicaragua in its Counter-Memorial filed in the Costa Rica v. Nicaragua case.

In that Order, the Court finds, unanimously, that there is no need for it to adjudicate on the admissibility of Nicaragua’s first counter-claim as such, since that claim has become without object by reason of the fact that the proceedings in the Costa Rica v. Nicaragua and Nicaragua v. Costa Rica cases were joined by an Order of the Court dated 17 April 2013. That claim will therefore be examined as a principal claim within the context of the joined proceedings.

In its first counter-claim, Nicaragua requested the Court to declare that “Costa Rica bears responsibility to Nicaragua” for the impairment of navigation on the San Juan River and for the damage to the environment caused by the construction of a road next to its right bank by Costa Rica in violation of its obligations stemming from the 1858 Treaty of Limits and various treaty or customary rules relating to the protection of the environment and good neighbourliness.

In its Order, the Court also unanimously finds that the second and third counter-claims are inadmissible as such and do not form part of the current proceedings, since there is no direct connection, either in fact or in law, between those claims and the principal claims of Costa Rica.

In its second counter-claim, Nicaragua asked the Court to declare that it “has become the sole sovereign over the area formerly occupied by the Bay of San Juan del Norte”. In its third counter-claim, it requested the Court to find that “Nicaragua has a right to free navigation on the Colorado Branch of the San Juan de Nicaragua River until the conditions of navigability existing at the time the 1858 Treaty was concluded are re-established”.

In its Order, the Court lastly finds, unanimously, that there is no need for it to entertain the fourth counter-claim as such, since the question of compliance by both Parties with provisional measures may be considered in the principal proceedings, irrespective of whether or not the respondent State raised that issue by way of a counter-claim. Consequently, the Parties may take up any question relating to the implementation of the provisional measures indicated by the Court in its Order of 8 March 2011 in the further course of the proceedings.

In its fourth counter-claim, Nicaragua alleged that Costa Rica did not implement the said provisional measures. It is recalled that, in the above-mentioned Order, the Court: (1) requested the Parties to refrain from sending to, or maintaining in the disputed territory any personnel, whether civilian, police or security; (2) authorized Costa Rica to dispatch civilian personnel charged with the protection of the environment to the said territory, but only in so far as it is necessary to avoid irreparable prejudice being caused; (3) called on the Parties to refrain from any action which might aggravate or extend the dispute; and (4) asked each of the Parties to inform it as to its compliance with the said provisional measures.

The subsequent procedure was reserved for further decision.

 

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Composition of the Court

The Court was composed as follows: President Tomka; Vice-President Sepúlveda-Amor; Judges Owada, Abraham, Keith, Bennouna, Skotnikov, Cançado Trindade, Yusuf, Greenwood, Xue, Donoghue, Gaja, Sebutinde, Bhandari; Judges ad hoc Guillaume, Dugard; Registrar Couvreur.

Judge ad hoc Guillaume appends a declaration to the Order. A summary of that declaration is annexed to this press release.

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The text of the Order will be available shortly on the Court’s website (www.icj-cij.org) in the documentation for each case, under the heading “Contentious cases”.

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The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established by the United Nations Charter in June 1945 and began its activities in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York. The Court has a twofold role: first, to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (its judgments have binding force and are without appeal for the parties concerned); and, second, to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and agencies of the system. The Court is composed of 15 judges elected for a nine-year term by the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations. Independent of the United Nations Secretariat, it is assisted by a Registry, its own international secretariat, whose activities are both judicial and diplomatic, as well as administrative. The official languages of the Court are French and English. Also known as the “World Court”, it is the only court of a universal character with general jurisdiction.

The ICJ, a court open only to States for contentious proceedings, and to certain organs and institutions of the United Nations system for advisory proceedings, should not be confused with the other mostly criminal judicial institutions based in The Hague and adjacent areas, such as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, an ad hoc court created by the Security Council), the International Criminal Court (ICC, the first permanent international criminal court, established by treaty, which does not belong to the United Nations system), the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL, an independent judicial body composed of Lebanese and international judges, which is not a United Nations tribunal and does not form part of the Lebanese judicial system), or the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA, an independent institution which assists in the establishment of arbitral tribunals and facilitates their work, in accordance with the Hague Convention of 1899).

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Certaines activités menées par le Nicaragua dans la région frontalière (Costa Rica c. Nicaragua)

Construction d’une route au Costa Rica le long du fleuve San Juan (Nicaragua c. Costa Rica)

La Cour se prononce sur les demandes reconventionnelles présentées par le Nicaragua : elle dit que la première demande est sans objet, que les deuxième et troisième demandes sont irrecevables et qu’il n’y a pas lieu pour elle de connaître de la quatrième demande

LA HAYE, le 1er mai 2013. La Cour internationale de Justice (CIJ), organe judiciaire principal de l’Organisation des Nations Unies, s’est, par une ordonnance en date du 18 avril 2013, prononcée sur les quatre demandes reconventionnelles présentées par le Nicaragua dans son contre-mémoire déposé en l’affaire Costa Rica c. Nicaragua.

Dans cette ordonnance, la Cour dit, à l’unanimité, qu’il n’y a pas lieu pour elle de statuer sur la recevabilité de la première demande reconventionnelle du Nicaragua comme telle, car celle-ci est devenue sans objet du fait de la jonction, par ordonnance de la Cour en date du 17 avril 2013, des instances dans les affaires Costa Rica c. Nicaragua et Nicaragua c. Costa Rica. Cette demande sera donc examinée en tant que demande principale dans le cadre des instances jointes.

Dans sa première demande reconventionnelle, le Nicaragua priait la Cour de déclarer que «la responsabilité du Costa Rica [était] engagée vis-à-vis du Nicaragua» en raison de la perturbation de la navigation sur le San Juan et des dommages à l’environnement causés par la construction d’une route le long de la rive droite du fleuve par le Costa Rica, en violation des obligations qu’imposent à celui-ci le traité de limites de 1858 et plusieurs règles conventionnelles ou coutumières relatives à la protection de l’environnement et aux relations de bon voisinage.

Dans son ordonnance, la Cour dit également, à l’unanimité, que les deuxième et troisième demandes reconventionnelles sont irrecevables comme telles et ne font pas partie de l’instance en cours car il n’existe pas de connexité directe, que ce soit en fait ou en droit, entre ces demandes et les demandes principales du Costa Rica.

Dans sa deuxième demande reconventionnelle, le Nicaragua priait la Cour de déclarer qu’il «[était] devenu l’unique souverain dans la zone jadis occupée par la baie de San Juan del Norte». Dans sa troisième demande reconventionnelle, il la priait de conclure qu’«[il] joui[ssai]t d’un droit de libre navigation sur le Colorado, un affluent du fleuve San Juan de Nicaragua, tant que n’aur[aie]nt pas été rétablies les conditions de navigabilité qui existaient à l’époque de la conclusion du traité de 1858».

Dans son ordonnance, la Cour dit enfin, à l’unanimité, qu’il n’y a pas lieu, pour elle, de connaître de la quatrième demande reconventionnelle comme telle car la question de la mise en oeuvre par les deux Parties de mesures conservatoires peut être examinée dans le cadre de la procédure principale, que l’État défendeur ait ou non soulevé cette question par voie de demande reconventionnelle. En conséquence, les Parties pourront aborder, dans la suite de la procédure, toute question relative à la mise en oeuvre des mesures conservatoires indiquées par la Cour dans son ordonnance du 8 mars 2011.

Dans sa quatrième demande reconventionnelle, le Nicaragua faisait grief au Costa Rica de n’avoir pas mis en oeuvre lesdites mesures conservatoires. Il est rappelé que, dans l’ordonnance susmentionnée, la Cour : 1) demandait aux Parties de s’abstenir d’envoyer ou de maintenir sur le territoire litigieux des agents, qu’ils soient civils, de police ou de sécurité ; 2) autorisait le Costa Rica à envoyer sur ledit territoire des agents civils chargés de la protection de l’environnement dans la stricte mesure où un tel envoi serait nécessaire pour éviter qu’un préjudice irréparable soit causé ; 3) demandait aux Parties de s’abstenir de tout acte qui risquerait d’aggraver ou d’étendre le différend ; et 4) demandait aux Parties de l’informer de la manière dont elles assureraient l’exécution desdites mesures conservatoires.

La suite de la procédure a été réservée.

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Composition de la Cour

La Cour était composée comme suit : M. Tomka, président ; M. Sepúlveda-Amor, vice-président ; MM. Owada, Abraham, Keith, Bennouna, Skotnikov, Cançado Trindade, Yusuf, Greenwood, Mmes Xue et Donoghue, M. Gaja, Mme Sebutinde, M. Bhandari, juges ; MM. Guillaume et Dugard, juges ad hoc ; M. Couvreur, greffier.

M. le juge ad hoc Guillaume joint une déclaration à l’ordonnance. Un résumé de cette déclaration est annexé au présent communiqué.

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Le texte de l’ordonnance pourra être consulté prochainement sur le site Internet de la Cour (www.icj-cij.org) dans le dossier des deux affaires concernées, à la rubrique «Affaires contentieuses».

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La Cour internationale de Justice (CIJ) est l’organe judiciaire principal de l’Organisation des Nations Unies (ONU). Elle a été instituée en juin 1945 par la Charte des Nations Unies et a entamé ses activités en avril 1946. La Cour a son siège au Palais de la Paix, à La Haye (Pays-Bas). C’est le seul des six organes principaux de l’ONU dont le siège ne soit pas à New York. La Cour a une double mission, consistant, d’une part, à régler conformément au droit international les différends d’ordre juridique qui lui sont soumis par les Etats (par des arrêts qui ont force obligatoire et sont sans appel pour les parties concernées) et, d’autre part, à donner des avis consultatifs sur les questions juridiques qui peuvent lui être soumises par les organes de l’ONU et les institutions du système dûment autorisées à le faire. La Cour est composée de quinze juges, élus pour un mandat de neuf ans par l’Assemblée générale et le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies. Indépendante du Secrétariat des Nations Unies, elle est assistée par un Greffe, son propre secrétariat international, dont l’activité revêt un aspect judiciaire et diplomatique et un aspect administratif. Les langues officielles de la Cour sont le français et l’anglais. Aussi appelée «Cour mondiale», elle est la seule juridiction universelle à compétence générale.

Il convient de ne pas confondre la CIJ, juridiction uniquement ouverte aux Etats (pour la procédure contentieuse) et à certains organes et institutions du système des Nations Unies (pour la procédure consultative), avec les autres institutions judiciaires, pénales pour la plupart, établies à La Haye et dans sa proche banlieue, comme par exemple le Tribunal pénal international pour l’ex-Yougoslavie (ou TPIY, juridiction ad hoc créée par le Conseil de sécurité), la Cour pénale internationale (CPI, la première juridiction pénale internationale permanente, créée par traité, qui n’appartient pas au système des Nations Unies), le Tribunal spécial pour le Liban (ou TSL, organe judiciaire indépendant composé de juges libanais et internationaux), ou encore la Cour permanente d’arbitrage (CPA, institution indépendante permettant de constituer des tribunaux arbitraux et facilitant leur fonctionnement, conformément à la Convention de La Haye de 1899).