Anubis & Sons of Horus on Sarcophagus (Inside-Left/Outside-Right)
Sarcophagus (and Mummy) of Neshkons
Material: Painted Sycamore Fig Wood
Origin: Ancient Egypt (Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty XXI)
Dated: c. 900–940 BCE
Pictured is the trough of the Merrin Gallery's sarcophagus — visible are notable scenes on both the inside-left and outside-right (according to the POV of the onlooker).
On the inside-left (pictured), the interior is plastered with three registers of mummiform deities, the first includes the four sons of Horus.
The next register down on the side is labeled, “Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the God’s Booth, who escorts/accompanies”, and the one after that, “The Great God, Lord of Heaven, in the city”.
The short segments that start with the offering formula, htp-di-nsw, make a consecutive reading, “A Royal Offering Formula to Osiris, Lord of Eternity, the West, and Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the God’s Booth, who escorts/accompanies the Great God, Lord of Heaven, in the city/in the horizon of the Temple”.
Similarly as on the outside-left, a band on the inside-right (pictured) reads, “A Royal Offering Formula to Re-Harakhty-Atum, Lord of the Two Lands, the Heliopolitan; Osiris, Lord of Eternity, the West, the Great God, Lord of Abydos, Wenen-nefer, Ruler of Life, King of Everlasting; Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the God’s Booth, First Lector Priest of the Place of; Osiris, the Great God, Lord of heaven, who comes forth/ascends from the two horizons [sic], who appears gloriously the [Atef-crown], who illuminates the Two Lands by means of bright/dazzling glance(?); Isis the Great, Mother of the God, Eye of Re, Mistress of All the Gods; Ret, (female) Ruler of the White Crown; that they may give invocation offerings (consisting of) thousands of cattle, thousands of fowl, thousands of incense, thousands of garments and alabaster vessels, thousands of offerings of provisions, and all beautiful/pure things, thousands of all sweet, pleasant things…”.
On the register below, many columns of text bear imAxy, “Venerated” or “Revered” formulae and offering scenes involving a deity, an offering table, and a mummy or figure in the “costume of the living”, with accompanying text.
Acquired and sold by Samuel Merrin and Moshe Bronstein of the Merrin Gallery.