The Dynasty XXI Sarcophagus (Inside-Right/Outside-Left)
Sarcophagus (and Mummy) of Neshkons
Material: Painted Sycamore Fig Wood
Origin: Ancient Egypt (Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty XXI)
Dated: c. 900–940 BCE
Displayed is the trough of the Merrin Gallery's Dynasty XXI sarcophagus — visible are notable scenes on both the inside-right and outside-left (from the POV of the photo).
The inside-right (pictured) is plastered with three registers of mummiform deities, the first includes the four sons of Horus. The next register down is labeled, “Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the God’s Booth, who escorts/accompanies”, and the next register down reads, “The Great God, Lord of Heaven, in the horizon of the Temple”.
The short segments starting with the Htp-di-nsw make a consecutive reading, “A Royal Offering Formula to Osiris, Lord of Eternity, the West, and Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the God’s Booth, who escorts/accompanies the Great God, Lord of Heaven, in the city/in the horizon of the Temple”.
A horizontal band on the outside-left (pictured) of the base reads, “A Royal Offering Formula to Re-Har[akhty]-Atum, Lord of the Two Lands, the Heliopolitan; Osiris, Lord of Eternity, Foremost of the West, the Great God, Lord of Abydos, Wenen-nefer, Ruler of Everlasting; Isis the Great, Mother of the God, Eye of Re, Mistress of All the gods; Ret, Ruler of Provinces; Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the God’s Booth, First Lector Priest of Osiris, the Great God, Lord of Heaven; that they may give invocation-offerings [consisting of] thousands of provisions, thousands of offering-loaves, thousands of incense, thousands of garments and alabaster vessels, thousands of beautiful, pure offerings of provisions, thousands of beautiful, sweet things and herbs/vegetables, wine…”.
Also, on the same outside-left, but lower, register there are many columns of text bearing imAxy “Venerated” or “Revered” formulae and offering scenes involving a deity, an offering table, and a mummy or figure in the “costume of the living”, with accompanying text. This includes, on the left side, “Venerated before Osiris, Lord of Eternity, Foremost of the West”, and “Venerated by Anubis, Lord of the Cemetery, Foremost in the Good’s Booth, First Lector Priest”.
Acquired and sold by Samuel Merrin and Moshe Bronstein of the Merrin Gallery.