General Sir James Yorke Scarlett, GCB (1 February 1799 – 6 December
1871) was a British soldier and hero of the Crimean War.
The 2nd son of the 1st Baron Abinger, he was born in London and educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, In 1818, Scarlett entered the army as a cornet in the 18th Hussars and in 1830 became a major in the 5th Dragoon Guards. He married Charlotte Anne Hargreaves, a Burnley coal heiress in 1835, the town becoming his adopted home. From 1837 until 1841 he was a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Guildford.
Scarlett died at his Bank Hall estate in Burnley in December 1871, aged 72. He is buried at St John the Divine Church, Holme Chapel, Cliviger near Burnley. An estimated 60,000 people lined the streets of the Lancashire town for his funeral procession
In 1840, he was appointed to command his regiment, a post he held for nearly fourteen years. In the Crimean War, the 5th Dragoon Guards formed part of the Heavy Cavalry Brigade (of which Scarlett was appointed Brigadier) and was sent to the Black Sea in 1854. There it suffered heavily from cholera in the camps of Varna.