Tashkurgan, Xinjiang, China
Tashkurgan, the capital of Chinese Pamir, sits at an altitude of 3,600 meters (11,811 ft) and borders Afghanistan, Tajikistan to the west, and Pakistan to the south. It has long been long a important stop on the Silk Road. During the 1st century AD was the main centre of the Kingdom of Puli. Later it became known as Varshadeh. Some scholars believe that a stone tower mentioned in Ptolemy and other early accounts of travel on the Silk Road, refers to this spot. It said by them to have marked the midway point between Europe and China.
At the northeast corner of Tashkurgan is this huge fortress dating from 12-13th century AD, known to the locals as "The Princess Fortress". There's also a ruined Zoroastrian temple and a mosque nearby, exhibiting its golden ages and past glory.