Osteria dell'Osa: Earliest Inscription in Italy
An inscribed pottery vessel excavated the cremation of a female.
From Gabii: Osteria dell'Osa, Latium.
Date ca. 775 BCE (first half of the eighth century BCE).
Early Greek or modified Phoenician? "Eulin" or "Euoin."
A shortened version of a personal name or a reference to Dionysus? Perhaps an abbreviated form of the Greek "eulinos" = "a good spinner"? It is considered the oldest evidence of writing from Italy (predating the earliest inscriptions from Etruria).
Museo Nazionale Romano (Terme Museum), Rome.