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Osteria dell'Osa: Earliest Inscription in Italy | by Roger B. Ulrich
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Osteria dell'Osa: Earliest Inscription in Italy

An inscribed pottery vessel excavated the cremation of a female.

From Gabii: Osteria dell'Osa, Latium.

Date ca. 775 BCE (first half of the eighth century BCE).

Early Greek or modified Phoenician? "Eulin" or "Euoin."

 

A shortened version of a personal name or a reference to Dionysus? Perhaps an abbreviated form of the Greek "eulinos" = "a good spinner"? It is considered the oldest evidence of writing from Italy (predating the earliest inscriptions from Etruria).

 

Museo Nazionale Romano (Terme Museum), Rome.

U2017.0673

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Taken on September 14, 2017