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Drak Lhalupuk cave temple, said to be the meditation retreat of King
Songtsen Gampo in the 7th century, which has relief rock carvings.
Clings on a cliff face of the Chakpori hil lCags po ri, literally
"Iron Mountain"; is a sacred hill in the city of Lhasa in
Tibet. It south of the Potala and just to the left when one is facing
the Potala. It is considered to be one of the four holy mountains of
It was the site of the most famous medical school Tibet, known as the Mentsikhang, which was founded in 1413. It was conceived of by Lobsang Gyatso, the "Great" 5th Dalai Lama, and completed by the Regent Sangye Gyatso shortly before 1697.
During the March 1959 Lhasa uprising, the medical school and a temple
housing statutes of coral (Tsepame), mother-of-pearl (of Tujechempo)
and turquoise (of Drolma) were demolished by PLA Chinese artillery as
the Tibetans had placed their cannons up there. It is now crowned by
radio antennas. A road has been constructed through the spur that used
to connect Chokpori with the Marpo Ri ('Red Hill') on which the Potala
Some rebuilding has since taken place a number of old rock carvings have survived through damage. Some of them are thought to have been carved during the reign of king Songtsän Gampo (605 or 617? - 649 CE) and painted by Nepalese artists. Some buildings have been rebuilt near the base of the hill and there is now again a small temple with prayer wheels.
Tradition has it that the three main hills of Lhasa represent the "Three Protectors of Tibet." Chokpori is the soul-mountain (bla-ri) of Vajrapani, Pongwari that of Manjushri, and Marpori, the hill on which the Potala stands, represents Chenresig or Avalokiteshvara.