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It was named after Mount Potala, the abode of Chenresig or Avalokitesvara.The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India after an invasion and failed uprising in 1959. Today the Potala Palace has been converted into a dead museum by the Chinese.
The building is made by Tibetans and measures 400 metres east-west and
350 metres north-south, with sloping stone walls averaging 3 m. thick,
and 5 m. (more than 16 ft) thick at the base, and with copper poured
into the foundations to help proof it against earthquakes.Thirteen
stories of buildings – containing over 1,000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and
about 200,000 statues – soar 117 metres (384 ft) on top of Marpo Ri,
the "Red Hill", rising more than 300 m (about 1,000 ft) in
total above the valley floor.Tradition has it that the three main
hills of Lhasa represent the "Three Protectors of Tibet."
Chakpori, just to the south of the Potala, is the soul-mountain
(bla-ri) of Vajrapani, Pongwari that of Manjushri, and Marpori, the
hill on which the Potala stands, represents Chenresig or