Barcelona is associated with the blossoming of a movement in art history called Modernism. In Germany it was called Jugendstil; in Austria, Sezession; in Italy, Stile Liberty; and in France it was Art Nouveau. The extraordinary period in the evolution of the art in the 19th and 20th centuries, Barcelona's brand of Art Nouveau was characterized by organic shapes and patterns integrated by all aspects of art and design. The movement, along with its high craftsmanship, was interpreted to be a spontaneous reaction to the Industrial Revolution’s trend of mass production. Gaudi, Domenech i Montaner and others were representative architects of that movement in architecture.