In 1877 Thomas Edison invented his tin-foil phonograph which played recorded sounds from
round cylinders. The sound quality on the phonograph was bad and each recording lasted
for one only play.
Edison's phonograph was followed by Alexander Graham Bell's graphophone.
The graphophone used wax cylinders which could be played many times
On November 8 1887, Emile Berliner, patented the gramophone
Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks
His Master's Voice
In 1899, Emile Berliner visited the London offices of the Berliner
There, he noticed a painting hanging on the wall of a small dog with cocked head posed in front
of a gramophone. The little terrier was listening to his master's voice coming from the horn.
The English artist Francis Barraud, using his own little dog Nipper as the model,
painted the image.
Gramophone playing The third man theme